First of a four-part series about fascism in America, this program documents the early growth and powerful nature of American fascism. Much of the program centers on the actions of American industrialists and financiers sympathetic to fascism, most of whom were also professionally connected to corporate elements in Nazi Germany.
The program presents analysis and history of the relationship of the Morgan and Dupont interests to the MacArthur Group in the military (General Douglas MacArthur and an important group of high-ranking officers on his staff.) The machinations of this economic, military and political milieu are the focus of much of the broadcast.
The show highlights the 1934 coup attempt by powerful members of America’s corporate elite. Dissatisfied to the point of treason by President Roosevelt’s New Deal, they sought to overthrow FDR and install a Mussolini-style “corporate state.” (See Miscellaneous Archive Show M42.) The conspirators sought to utilize an armed force of World War I veterans, led by Marine Corps Major General Smedley Butler, a two-time winner of the Congressional Medal of Honor.
A true patriot, Butler pretended to go along with the conspirators, but actually informed the Roosevelt administration of the plot. During the subsequent Congressional investigation, Butler revealed that among the central conspirators were members of the Morgan-Dupont economic axis and that Douglas MacArthur had been the plotters’ first choice to lead the coup.
The program also documents the involvement of elements of the MacArthur/Morgan/Dupont milieu in subsequent attempts to overthrow FDR. Some of those attempts were undertaken in conjunction with Third Reich intelligence officers and with the knowledge and blessing of the Nazi leadership.
The program concludes with history and analysis of the program of assassination and terror conducted by the so-called “Black Reichswehr” (para-military units functioning at the behest of the German military leadership.) This assassination program paved the way for Hitler’s rise to power.
Program highlights include: the Nazi /fascist background of Major General Charles Willoughby (Douglas MacArthur’s top intelligence officer from 1939 through the beginning of the Korean War); MacArthur’s selection of Andres Soriano (a prominent Phillipine fascist) to hold a key post in the islands after “liberation;” the support given by the 1934 coup backers to Hitler; MacArthur staffer General George Van Horne Moseley’s collaboration with German intelligence in an attempt to overthrow FDR; American fascist William Dudley Pelley’s treasonous attempts to help overthrow Roosevelt (also undertaken in conjunction with German intelligence); the post-World War II American right’s adoption of the ideological line of the pre-war domestic fascists; the connections of the early Nazi party in Germany to Reichswehr intelligence
Most Americans have heard of the John Birch Society, but few know much about its origins and history. Continuing the line of analysis from AFA-10, this program documents the reality of this organization. Concentrating on attempts to overthrow constitutional government in the United States, the program emphasizes the role of the “China Lobby,” elements of the John Birch Society and their respective roles in the assassination of President Kennedy.
The broadcast delineates the evolution of the China Lobby, dating from the end of World War II. Society figurehead John Birch was the intelligence officer for General Claire Chenault’s Flying Tigers in World War II, subsequently serving with the OSS China contingent. Birch was killed recruiting Chinese collaborationst troops to fight the Chinese communists. (These collaborationist forces had served the Japanese during World War II.) Coming little more than a week after the end of the war in the Pacific, his death was heralded by the American right as “the beginning of World War III.”
The discussion turns to other instances of Japanese and/or Axis forces being recruited by the U.S. and the Kuomintang to fight against Mao Tse Tung’s forces. (As late as 1947, there were 90,000 fully-armed Japanese troops in Northwest Manchuria alone helping to guard the railway system for Chiang Kai Chek’s forces.)
The “China Lobby” evolved from American military and intelligence personnel who served in China during the war. Most important of these was General Albert C. Wedemeyer, who replaced General Joseph Stillwell as American military liason to Chiang Kai Chek. (Birch had been under Wedemeyer’s command at the time of his death.) Educated (in part) at the German military academy in Nazi Germany, Wedemeyer rented his apartment from Gerhard Rossbach. Along with Ernst Rohm, Rossbach had commanded the SA and worked for the CIA after the war.
Wedemeyer remains the chief suspect in the deliberate betrayal of the U.S. mobilization for World War II to The Chicago Tribune, bitterly opposed to both FDR and the prospect of American entry into the war. Its publication fundamentally compromised U.S. military preparation for war. Wedemeyer became a lynchpin of the China Lobby and a darling of the far right in the 1940’s and 50’s. In the 1980’s, Reagan appointed the reactivated Wedemeyer to a special military position.
The program centers on the working hypothesis that elements of the John Birch Society served as a front, enabling reactionary elements of the military to project their activities into civilian society in order to affect political reaction. In this respect, the organization functioned in a manner roughly analogous to the German Nazi Party in the 1920’s.
The program highlights the overlapping elements between the China Lobby and the JBS. Elements of the John Birch Society participated in the assassination of President Kennedy, functioning in conjunction with fascist and Nazi elements dating from World War II.
Mr. Emory conceptualizes Kennedy’s assassination as the resolution of a constitutional struggle between the civilian and military sectors of American society, the culmination of a chain of events begun with the 1934 coup attempt and the coming of fascism to America.
Program highlights include: Gestapo spy Louis Siefken’s stint as Chiang Kai Chek’s intelligence chief during the war; General Edwin Walker’s service as chief U.S. military adviser to Chiang in the 1950’s; Walker’s political conflicts with Kennedy; the alleged “attempt” by Oswald in April of 1963; the staging of the alleged Oswald/Walker incident by Larrie Schmidt and American Nazi elements spawned within American Army units in Germany; the collaboration of the Schmidt/ CUSA milieu with the H.L. Hunt financial empire, elements associated with the Anti-Bolshevik Bloc Nations, the Gehlen spy outfit and World War II era German Nazis; the Hunt– sponsored American Volunteer Group (formed to assassinate American political figures); the genesis of the group’s title with the Flying Tigers (Birch’s unit).
This program details the involvement of groups and individuals discussed in AFA #‘s 10 & 11 in the assassinations of President Kennedy, his brother Robert and Martin Luther King. Particular emphasis is on the role played in the JFK assassination by neo-Nazis and Bay of Pigs veterans enraged by President Kennedy’s little-known attempts to normalize diplomatic relations with Cuba’s Fidel Castro.
Two pivotal and overlapping elements in Mr. Emory’s analysis are what he termed “the Cuban Freikorps” and the historical/functional continuity between the China, Guatemala and Cuban lobbies. Many of the people and institutions that compromised the China Lobby (discussed in AFA-11) directed their energies toward the overthrow of Guatemalan president Jacobo Arbenz. (Arbenz was deposed in a CIA-led coup in 1954.)
Those elements from the China/Guatemala lobby lent their efforts to the CIA-coordinated efforts to depose Castro. Following the unsuccessful Bay of Pigs invasion of 1961, a huge paramilitary milieu picked up where that invasion had left off. Officially “private,” this milieu was actually a clandestine extension of the national security establishment coordinated by the intelligence community. In this regard, these anti-Castro warriors were analogous to the Freikorps or “Black Reichswehr,” whose murderous activities in the 1920’s helped overthrow the Weimar Republic (see AFA-10 and M5.)
Far from acceding to the Cuban Freikorps’ desire to depose Castro, President Kennedy was moving to normalize relations with Cuba at the time of his death. Utilizing a back-door diplomatic channel to Castro, Kennedy had worked out a tentative agreement with the Cuban strongman. The accord involved a quid pro quo, with Kennedy taking responsibility for the hated Batista dictatorship (overthrown by Castro’s revolutionaries) on behalf of the United States and Castro moving away from the international communists in his own circle, Che Guevara in particular. (Castro, although Marxist, was primarily a Cuban nationalist and understood that the best long-term prospects for his country lay in a productive relationship with its giant neighbor to the North. His near brush with nuclear war in the Cuban missile crisis freshly in mind, Kennedy was attempting to end the Cold War.)
There are firm indications that the anti-Castro Cuban community had learned of the secret negotiations, which further enraged them against Kennedy. At the moment that he heard that Kennedy had been killed, Castro was meeting with Jean Daniel, a French journalist serving as one of JFK’s diplomatic representatives. Castro is reported to have said “this is bad news. bad news!” In the years since the assassination, Daniel, members of the Kennedy state department and Castro himself have confirmed this account.
Program highlights include: the role of Loran Eugene Hall (investigated by New Orleans D.A. Jim Garrison in connection with the JFK assassination) in the “Cuban Freikorps;” Reagan aide (and later U.S. Attorney General) Ed Meese’s efforts at submerging the truth concerning the Garrison investigaion by deep-sixing the extradition request for Edgar Eugene Bradley; the role of Soldier of Fortune editor Robert K. Brown in the Anti-Castro effort; Aryan Nations aide Keith Gilbert’s attempt to kill Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. (he claims to have been protected and financed by powerful people while in prison for the attempt); Gilbert’s links to Loran Eugene Hall and both men’s connections to the milieu of Colonel William Potter Gale, a former MacArthur aide and a prime-mover in the Aryan Nations milieu.
The concluding installment of this episodic examination of American fascism, this broadcast highlights the involvement of Ku Klux Klan elements with elements of the national security establishment. Emphasizing the involvement of some of these elements with the assassinations of the Kennedy brothers and Martin Luther King, the program demonstrates that the Klan is far more than an amalgam of night-riding rednecks. In addition, involvement of Klan elements with instances of terrorism have helped to expose the ambiguous roles of some participants.
After analyzing connections between a Sirhan double and Aryan Nations figure Keith Gilbert (mentioned in AFA-12 in connection with an attempt on the life of Martin Luther King), the discussion turns to the links between the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing and the assassinations of John Kennedy and Martin Luther King (see G-4, AFA-8). One of the most notorious incidents of violence during the civil rights struggles of the 1960’s, the church bombing was perpetrated by Klan elements, led by Robert Chambliss.
Chambliss’s defense was conducted by former Birmingham mayor Arthur Hanes Sr. In addition to representing Jame Earl Ray (see AFA-8), Hanes had worked for the FBI, CIA and was the mayor of Birmingham when that the city was at the center of the civil rights struggle. A recording made in early November of 1963 by a Miami police informant connects the 16th St. Baptist Church bombing with the assassinations of Martin Luther King and JFK.
Discussed at some length in AFA-12, the “Cuban Freikorps” milieu involved numerous Klan elements, as well as American Nazi Party members and members of various paramilitary right-wing organizations. The discussion highlights the 3-bullet suicide of American Nazi Party member Daniel Burros at the home of Pennsylvania Klan member Roy Frankhouser. (Burros’ name and phone number were in Oswald’s address book at the time of his arrest.) Frankhouser has worked for the Federal Government, his role being variously described as working for CIA or National Security Council.
Much of the program focuses on David Duke, the Louisiana fascist who has been a Nazi, a Klansman and a Republican candidate for office. Originally a member of George Lincoln Rockwell’s American Nazi Party (Rockwell’s address and phone number were also in Oswald’s address book), Duke has maintained that he worked for the CIA in Southeast Asia. Although the Agency has denied Duke’s assertion, private investigators who have investigated the Klan have concurred with Duke’s claim of government service.
The broadcast also details the involvement of numerous government agents (doubling as Klan & Nazi members) with a mixed Klan and Nazi contingent that massacred some communist demonstrators in Greensboro, North Carolina in 1979. The concluding section of the program looks at the Reagan administrations as the culmination of the development of American fascism and the ultimate exponent of “Freikorps methodology”.
Program highlights include: David Duke’s role as an unindicted co-conspirator in an abortive Klan and Nazi takeover of the Caribbean island of Domenica (all of the invasion’s other planners were indicted.); the role of ATF agent Bernard Butkovich with the Klan and Nazi group that perpetrated the Greensboro massacre; the role of Ed Dawson (who led the Nazi & Klan caravan in Greensboro) as an FBI informant; the CIA background of the foreman of the jury that acquitted the Nazis & Klansmen of the Greensboro massacre; the influence of the abortive Klan-Nazi Domenican coup attempt in setting the stage for Domenica’s participation in the U.S.-led invasion of Grenada; FBI informant Gary Thomas Rowe’s role in the slaying of civil rights activist Viola Liuzzo; Louis Farrakhan’s association with Nazi and white supremacist elements.