Spitfire List Web site and blog of anti-fascist researcher and radio personality Dave Emory.

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Introduction to Anti-fascist books

In the decades since the end of the Sec­ond World War, much has been writ­ten about the war and fas­cism, the dri­ving force behind the aggres­sion that pre­cip­i­tated that con­flict. Unfor­tu­nately, much of what has been said and writ­ten has failed to iden­tify and ana­lyze the causes, nature and method­ol­ogy of fascism—German National Social­ism or “Nazism” in par­tic­u­lar. A deeper, more accu­rate analy­sis was pre­sented in lit­er­a­ture pub­lished before, dur­ing and imme­di­ately after World War II.

SpitfireList.com is pleased to present a num­ber of books pub­lished dur­ing that period. Almost all more than 50 years old, these works embody a more com­plete, pro­found analy­sis of the his­tor­i­cal forces that dom­i­nated the events of that time and, more impor­tantly, our own. Whereas much con­tem­po­rary lit­er­a­ture on the sub­ject presents fas­cism (and Nazism in par­tic­u­lar) as an aber­ra­tion, the phe­nom­e­non was an out­growth of major polit­i­cal forces and dynam­ics that dom­i­nate and con­trol con­tem­po­rary events and processes.

Some of the books pre­sented here illus­trate the extent to which fas­cism (Nazism in par­tic­u­lar) was an out­growth of glob­al­iza­tion and the con­struc­tion of inter­na­tional monop­o­lies (car­tels). Key to under­stand­ing this phe­nom­e­non is analy­sis of the Webb-Pomerene act, leg­is­lated near the end of the First World War. A loop­hole in the Anti-trust leg­is­la­tion of 1914, it effec­tively legal­ized the for­ma­tion of cartels—international monopolies—for firms that were barred from domes­tic monop­o­lis­tic practices.

Decry­ing what they viewed as exces­sive and restric­tive “reg­u­la­tion” here in the United States, U.S.-based transna­tional cor­po­ra­tions invested their prof­its from the indus­trial boom of the 1920’s abroad, pri­mar­ily in Japan and Ger­many. This process might well be viewed as the real begin­ning of what is now known as “glob­al­iza­tion.” [FTR#’s 99, 361, 426, 511 and 532 present an overview of the rein­vest­ment of the wealth gen­er­ated by the Amer­i­can indus­trial boom of the 1920’s in Ger­man and Japan­ese strate­gic heavy indus­try. It was this cap­i­tal that drove the engines of con­quest that sub­dued both Europe and Asia dur­ing the con­flict.]

We also note that the fail­ure of Amer­i­can indus­trial and finan­cial firms to invest their cap­i­tal in U.S. infra­struc­ture con­tributed sig­nif­i­cantly to the onset of the Great Depres­sion, depriv­ing Amer­i­can indus­try of the monies needed to sus­tain the engines of indus­try and commerce.

At the con­clu­sion of the Sec­ond World War, indus­tri­al­ists, financiers and asso­ci­ated lumi­nar­ies formed the World Com­merce Cor­po­ra­tion. Explic­itly designed to replace the German-based car­tels that coa­lesced after World War I, the WCC directed the post­war flow of wealth into chan­nels favored by the global cor­po­rate elite, thus pre­serv­ing the fun­da­men­tal eco­nomic order estab­lished in pre­vi­ous decades via the Webb-Pomerene Act.

Germany’s Mas­ter Plan (1943) [Down­load Part 1 Part 2 ] by Borkin and Welsh ana­lyzes how the Nazis took advan­tage of the bud­ding glob­al­ized econ­omy to restrict their ene­mies’ strate­gic pro­duc­tion, as well as their access to crit­i­cal raw mate­ri­als. Treason’s Peace (1947) [Down­load Part 1 Part 2 ] by Howard Wat­son Ambruster high­lights how the I.G. Far­ben chem­i­cal firm manip­u­lated trade rela­tion­ships to the advan­tage of the Third Reich. In addi­tion, the book illus­trates how cor­po­ra­tions, busi­ness­men and politi­cians beholden unto the firm’s non-German car­tel part­ners assisted that manip­u­la­tion, as well as the post­war reha­bil­i­ta­tion and exon­er­a­tion of both I.G. and its most impor­tant per­son­nel. Illu­mi­nat­ing also is Josiah Du Bois’s The Devil’s Chemists, writ­ten by a mem­ber of the Nurem­berg judi­cial staff that pros­e­cuted key per­son­nel of the I.G., to lit­tle over­all avail.

James Stew­art Martin’s All Hon­or­able Men (1950) [Down­load Part 1 Part 2] doc­u­ments the man­ner in which pow­er­ful eco­nomic inter­ests in the United States frus­trated attempts at de-cartelization and thereby ensured the post­war per­pet­u­a­tion of glob­al­ized “busi­ness as usual.” As Mar­tin points out, these com­mer­cial inter­ests were able to suc­cess­fully manip­u­late the net­works through which gov­ern­ment oper­ates, and direct it to their own nefar­i­ous ends.

The lone title in the col­lec­tion less than 50 years old, Paul Manning’s Mar­tin Bor­mann: Nazi in Exile (1981) [Down­load] chron­i­cles the post­war under­ground per­pet­u­a­tion of the Nazi polit­i­cal and busi­ness hier­ar­chy and its dom­i­nant role in both the inter­na­tional cor­po­rate econ­omy and the con­tem­po­rary polit­i­cal landscape.

Although the book is cur­rent and, there­fore, not avail­able on this web­site, inter­ested researchers are emphat­i­cally encour­aged to read Gold War­riors by Ster­ling and Peggy Sea­grave. Cov­er­ing the Japan­ese equiv­a­lent of the Bor­mann flight cap­i­tal net­work, the vol­ume is a heroic, mas­ter­ful analy­sis and pen­e­tra­tion of the Asian wing of the car­tel sys­tem that spawned fas­cism, as well as the real­i­ties of the post-World War II eco­nomic land­scape. (FTR #‘s 427, 428, 446, 451, 501, 509, 688689 deal with the sub­ject of the Golden Lily pro­gram suc­cess­fully imple­mented by the Japan­ese to loot Asia.)

The Third Reich’s elab­o­rate plans for post­war under­ground sur­vival and con­ti­nu­ity were pred­i­cated on the cer­tainty that the multi­na­tional cor­po­rate com­mu­nity would pre­serve the Nazi infra­struc­ture as a bul­wark against com­mu­nism dur­ing the (then) immi­nent Cold War. This “Under­ground Reich” was fore­seen and ana­lyzed in Curt Reiss’s The Nazis Go Under­ground [Down­load], pub­lished in early 1944. In the Fed­eral Repub­lic of Germany–the “new” Germany–key Third Reich vet­er­ans occu­pied the prin­ci­pal posi­tions of power and influ­ence in the country’s com­mer­cial, mil­i­tary, polit­i­cal and judi­cial establishments.

Not only were key Nazi func­tionar­ies installed at every sig­nif­i­cant level of the Ger­man state, but inves­ti­ga­tors dis­cov­ered that a Nazi government-in-exile was con­tin­u­ing to call the shots in the Fed­eral Repub­lic through a fuehringsring–a clan­des­tine con­trol net­work ema­nat­ing, in part, from Franco’s Spain. The role of this Under­ground Reich exe­cut­ing Nazi polit­i­cal will in the Fed­eral Repub­lic is chron­i­cled in T.H. Tetens’ The New Ger­many and the Old Nazis.

In addi­tion to the pow­er­ful cor­po­rate eco­nomic inter­ests allied with Nazi busi­ness cen­ters, the process of under­ground per­pet­u­a­tion was greatly aided by “Fifth Col­umn” move­ments abroad. Com­posed of ide­o­log­i­cal sup­port­ers of the fas­cist phi­los­o­phy, these Fifth Col­umn move­ments were instru­men­tal in real­iz­ing Nazi blue­prints for mil­i­tary con­quest dur­ing the war, as well as post­war con­tin­u­a­tion and enlarge­ment of those plans. Writ­ten on the eve of World War II, Gollomb’s Armies of Spies [Down­load] cor­rectly antic­i­pated the enor­mous scope and effec­tively suc­cess­ful activ­i­ties of the Fifth Colum­nists in nations slated for Nazi invasion.

Tri­umph of Trea­son (1944) by Pierre Cot is a remark­able first-hand account of the sub­ver­sion of France by pow­er­ful domes­tic inter­ests, who saw polit­i­cal con­trol by their ide­o­log­i­cal allies (and car­tel busi­ness part­ners) in Ger­many as prefer­able to power-sharing with their own democratically-minded cit­i­zens. (Cot had been the French Min­is­ter of Avi­a­tion in the imme­di­ate pre-war period, and wit­nessed the delib­er­ate, suc­cess­ful attempts at weak­en­ing France’s abil­ity to resist the Nazis mil­i­tar­ily. The trai­tors who sub­verted French democ­racy then blamed the French col­lapse on their patri­otic polit­i­cal oppo­nents.) NB: Due to the wartime print and page lay­out, scan­ning this book proved overly dif­fi­cult and time con­sum­ing. For­tu­nately, it is avail­able on line in its entirety. The URL can be found by follow­ing the link to the book and its description.

In devel­op­ing their Fifth Col­umn move­ments abroad, the Nazis (and the Japan­ese) pro­ceeded in a geopo­lit­i­cal man­ner. Because they saw Spain as the key to the dom­i­na­tion of sev­eral con­ti­nents (Europe, North Africa, Latin Amer­ica), the Nazis and their allies in the gen­eral staff groomed the Span­ish Falange as the fas­cist move­ment of choice. Writ­ing of this in Falange (1943), [Down­load Part 1 Part 2] Alan Chase notes how the Reich then used polit­i­cal con­trol of Spain to advance their agenda in Latin Amer­ica and the Spanish-speaking world. The reader is invited to address Chase’s research in light of the rel­a­tively well-documented post­war oper­a­tion and per­pet­u­a­tion of fas­cist inter­ests in Latin America.

For the Nazis, geopol­i­tics dic­tated a pro­found inter­est in the Mus­lim peo­ples of what they called “The Earth Island”—a giant, con­tigu­ous land mass that encom­passes all of Europe, much of the Mid­dle East, the for­mer Soviet Union, India (includ­ing Pak­istan at the time), and China. Stretch­ing from the Straits of Gibral­tar to the Pacific coasts of China and Rus­sia, this land mass con­tains most of the world’s ter­ri­tory, pop­u­la­tion and nat­ural resources—oil in par­tic­u­lar. Con­trol that land and you con­trol the world. Accord­ingly, the Nazis built alliances with the var­i­ous Mus­lim pop­u­la­tions (Arabs in par­tic­u­lar) that are indige­nous to many of the most impor­tant petroleum-producing regions. Writ­ing in 1951, John Roy Carl­son wit­nessed and chron­i­cled the post­war Nazi recrude­s­cence in the Mid­dle East in Cairo to Dam­as­cus [Down­load Part 1 Part 2] a work that has par­tic­u­lar impor­tance for stu­dents of the events of 9/11/2001.

In an ear­lier work—Under Cover (1943) [Down­load Part 1 Part 2]—Carl­son infil­trated and wrote about the vig­or­ous Axis under­ground that existed in the United States before and dur­ing World War II. Acts of assas­si­na­tion and sab­o­tage in sup­port of the Axis pow­ers were used to good effect. In Ger­many and Japan, polit­i­cal oppo­nents to the rise of fas­cism were elim­i­nated through a delib­er­ate pro­gram of polit­i­cal murder.

It is in that con­text that we may view Gov­ern­ment by Assas­si­na­tion (1942), Hugh Byas’s riv­et­ing account of the assas­si­na­tions com­mit­ted by the Japan­ese patri­otic and ultra-nationalistic soci­eties. [Note that this book is not yet avail­able on this web­site, how­ever key excerpts can be accessed in FTR #291.] Cul­mi­nat­ing in the “May 15th Incident”—the assas­si­na­tion of the Japan­ese Prime Min­is­ter on 5/15/1932—these mur­ders were instru­men­tal in the acces­sion to power of the Japan­ese mil­i­tarists and the cor­po­rate and impe­r­ial ele­ments behind them.

Two other books avail­able here pro­vide valu­able insights into the con­tem­po­rary period. T.H. Tetens’ Ger­many Plots with the Krem­lin (1953) [Down­load Part 1 Part 2] treats the piv­otally impor­tant Ger­man “Ost­poli­tik,” which Ger­man power struc­ture has tra­di­tion­ally exploited in order expand and develop its influ­ence. The Ger­man threat to either remain neu­tral dur­ing the Cold War, or to ally with the USSR was a sig­nif­i­cant fac­tor in per­suad­ing con­ser­v­a­tive Amer­i­can power bro­kers to go along with the return to power in Ger­many of the Nazi ele­ments that pros­e­cuted World War II. Under the cir­cum­stances, some of these con­ser­v­a­tives felt that per­mit­ting Nazi ele­ments to return to power behind a demo­c­ra­tic façade was the lesser of two evils, although many would have pre­ferred a more tra­di­tion­ally con­ser­v­a­tive Ger­man polit­i­cal estab­lish­ment. This Ger­man “Ost­poli­tik,” in turn, is char­ac­ter­is­tic of the geopo­lit­i­cal fore­sight and cyn­i­cism with which Pan-Germanists have suc­cess­fully pur­sued their goal of world dom­i­na­tion through the centuries.

Paul Winkler’s The Thousand-Year Con­spir­acy (1943) [Down­load Part 1 Part 2] traces the ori­gins of Ger­man chau­vin­ism to the ascent of the Teu­tonic Knights within Ger­manic soci­ety. Win­kler labels the enablers of the dark side of the Ger­man char­ac­ter “Prusso-Teutonics” and notes that, in their pur­suit of Pan-German goals, they do not hes­i­tate to deal in a cyn­i­cal and ruth­less man­ner with their own cit­i­zens. Of par­tic­u­lar note for con­tem­po­rary Amer­i­cans is the delib­er­ate, Machi­avel­lian manip­u­la­tion of the Ger­man econ­omy by Hjal­mar Horace Gree­ley Schacht, the American-born financier who even­tu­ally became the finance min­is­ter of the Third Reich. Take note of Winkler’s account of how Schacht re-structured the Ger­man econ­omy with an eye to—among other things—driving the cit­i­zenry to such a point of hys­te­ria that they would will­ingly fol­low the likes of Hitler. Com­pare Winkler’s analy­sis with what is tak­ing place today in the United States. Writ­ing in 1943, Win­kler fore­saw that the Prusso-Teutonics would real­ize their goals through the cre­ation of a German-dominated cen­tral Euro­pean eco­nomic union (bear­ing a strik­ing resem­blance to today’s Euro­pean Mon­e­tary Union.)

We note that George Seldes’ land­mark 1943 text Facts and Fas­cism is avail­able for down­load on another web­site. The book is strongly recommended.

“Those Who For­get the Past Are Con­demned to Repeat It”
—George San­tayana

“ . . . We can­not turn over our future eco­nomic pol­icy to pri­vate groups with­out pub­lic respon­si­bil­ity, as we have in the past. . . .”
—U.S. Attor­ney Gen­eral Thur­man W. Arnold, writ­ing in the “Intro­duc­tion” to Germany’s Mas­ter Plan


4 comments for “Introduction to Anti-fascist books”

  1. Add to this list:

    Ger­many will Try It Again (Schultz, Sigrid), Secret Armies: the new tech­nique (Spi­vak, John); and The Plot Against the Peace (Michael Say­ers & Albert Kahn).

    Posted by JS Downard | May 24, 2011, 6:44 am
  2. Read: Secret His­tory of the Jesuits, by Edmond Paris

    Posted by Geus | July 22, 2012, 11:17 am
  3. In the Cold War, the US Army cre­ated
    an Aggres­sor Nation speak­ing Esperanto– and it was led by Mar­tin Bor­mann, an industrialist?

    Did the US mil­i­tary plan­ners know some­thing we did not?


    “August 1950/March 1951 His­tor­i­cal Backgrounder

    “6. Form of Government

    The real power in gov­ern­ment is in the hands of the “Trin­ity”: Mar­tin Bor­mann (indus­tri­al­ist), Tito Far­ruchi (dem­a­gogue), and Pilar Cor­doba (police chief). In the­ory, Bor­mann rep­re­sents the Teu­tonic peo­ples, Far­ruchi the Ital­ians and French, and Cor­doba the Span­ish and Arab peo­ples. Their author­ity appears to be equal. The Trin­ity coor­di­nates the pro-Aggressor sub­ver­sive activ­i­ties of the Cir­cle Trigon Party in other coun­tries with the polit­i­cal and mil­i­tary activ­i­ties of the Aggres­sor nation.

    The gov­ern­ment is com­pletely total­i­tar­ian in form. Con­trol is highly cen­tral­ized at the top with a ten­dency towards bureau­cracy. It enjoys the nor­mal advan­tages and dis­ad­van­tages accom­pa­ny­ing total­i­tar­i­an­ism. All phases of national life are directed toward a com­mon end; the exe­cu­tion of the plans of the Trin­ity. On the other hand, ini­tia­tive is rapidly declin­ing among the rank and file of the people.

    Gov­ern­ment func­tions are marked by impres­sive rit­ual and an air of mys­tery. This has had a strong appeal to many classes of peo­ple in the country.”

    Posted by dada | February 4, 2013, 8:42 am
  4. Given the recent fas­cist coup d’état in the Ukraine, cou­pled with the atavis­tic resur­fac­ing of ‘Free West’/Russian binary ‘cold­war­think’, the books Mr Emory so gen­er­ously offers for down­load are I imag­ine, essen­tial for pro­vid­ing a meta-narrative to this cur­rent out­break of the fas­cist mind, and with this in mind, I have just started read­ing for the first time “The Nazis Go Under­ground” and Paul Manning’s “Mar­tin Bor­mann: Nazi in Exile”.

    And in this con­text, my cur­rent bed time lis­ten­ing is the Anti-Fascist Archive (which I have been closely revis­it­ing to pro­vide sup­ple­men­tal mate­r­ial to cur­rent events), and I would like to thank Mr Emory and his for­mer co-host, Nip Tuck for all their hard work (the key indi­ca­tor of the long term value of the AFA archive is its utter rel­e­vancy to the geo-political land­scape today).

    Posted by Paul Harvey | March 16, 2014, 6:19 pm

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