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Introduction to Anti-fascist books

In the decades since the end of the Sec­ond World War, much has been writ­ten about the war and fas­cism, the dri­ving force behind the aggres­sion that pre­cip­i­tat­ed that con­flict. Unfor­tu­nate­ly, much of what has been said and writ­ten has failed to iden­ti­fy and ana­lyze the caus­es, nature and method­ol­o­gy of fascism—German Nation­al Social­ism or “Nazism” in par­tic­u­lar. A deep­er, more accu­rate analy­sis was pre­sent­ed in lit­er­a­ture pub­lished before, dur­ing and imme­di­ate­ly after World War II.

SpitfireList.com is pleased to present a num­ber of books pub­lished dur­ing that peri­od. Almost all more than 50 years old, these works embody a more com­plete, pro­found analy­sis of the his­tor­i­cal forces that dom­i­nat­ed the events of that time and, more impor­tant­ly, our own. Where­as much con­tem­po­rary lit­er­a­ture on the sub­ject presents fas­cism (and Nazism in par­tic­u­lar) as an aber­ra­tion, the phe­nom­e­non was an out­growth of major polit­i­cal forces and dynam­ics that dom­i­nate and con­trol con­tem­po­rary events and process­es.

Some of the books pre­sent­ed here illus­trate the extent to which fas­cism (Nazism in par­tic­u­lar) was an out­growth of glob­al­iza­tion and the con­struc­tion of inter­na­tion­al monop­o­lies (car­tels). Key to under­stand­ing this phe­nom­e­non is analy­sis of the Webb-Pomerene act, leg­is­lat­ed near the end of the First World War. A loop­hole in the Anti-trust leg­is­la­tion of 1914, it effec­tive­ly legal­ized the for­ma­tion of cartels—international monopolies—for firms that were barred from domes­tic monop­o­lis­tic prac­tices.

Decry­ing what they viewed as exces­sive and restric­tive “reg­u­la­tion” here in the Unit­ed States, U.S.-based transna­tion­al cor­po­ra­tions invest­ed their prof­its from the indus­tri­al boom of the 1920’s abroad, pri­mar­i­ly in Japan and Ger­many. This process might well be viewed as the real begin­ning of what is now known as “glob­al­iza­tion.” [FTR#’s 99, 361, 426, 511 and 532 present an overview of the rein­vest­ment of the wealth gen­er­at­ed by the Amer­i­can indus­tri­al boom of the 1920’s in Ger­man and Japan­ese strate­gic heavy indus­try. It was this cap­i­tal that drove the engines of con­quest that sub­dued both Europe and Asia dur­ing the con­flict.]

We also note that the fail­ure of Amer­i­can indus­tri­al and finan­cial firms to invest their cap­i­tal in U.S. infra­struc­ture con­tributed sig­nif­i­cant­ly to the onset of the Great Depres­sion, depriv­ing Amer­i­can indus­try of the monies need­ed to sus­tain the engines of indus­try and com­merce.

In 2013, Stephen Kinz­er pub­lished a book about the Dulles broth­ers (Allen and John Fos­ter Dulles of the con­sum­mate­ly pow­er­ful Sul­li­van and Cromwell Wall Street law firm.) Although a “main­stream” his­to­ry, the vol­ume has a use­ful account of John Fos­ter Dulles’s role in the re-cap­i­tal­iza­tion of Ger­many after World War I and the for­ma­tion of I.G. Far­ben and oth­er car­tels cen­tral to Third Reich war mak­ing capac­i­ty. We present that account here, for pur­pos­es of deep­en­ing under­stand­ing and clar­i­fy­ing this impor­tant, but large­ly over­looked dynam­ic.

The Broth­ers: John Fos­ter Dulls, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War by Stephen Kinz­er; St. Mar­tin Grif­fin [SC]; Copy­right 2013 by Stephen Kinz­er; ISBN 978–1‑250–05312‑1; pp. 49–52.

. . . . Fos­ter had helped design the Dawes Plan of 1924, which restruc­tured Ger­many’s repa­ra­tion pay­ments in ways that opened up huge new mar­kets for Amer­i­can banks, and lat­er that year he arranged for five of them to lend $100 mil­lion to Ger­man bor­row­ers. In the sev­en years that fol­lowed, he and his part­ners bro­kered anoth­er $900 mil­lion in loans to Germany–the equiv­a­lent of more than $15 bil­lion in ear­ly-twen­ty-first cen­tu­ry dol­lars. This made him the pre­em­i­nent sales­man of Ger­man bonds in the Unit­ed States, prob­a­bly the world. He sharply reject­ed crit­ics who argued that Amer­i­can banks should invest more inside the Unit­ed States and protest­ed when the State Depart­ment sought to restrict loans to Ger­many that were unre­lat­ed to repa­ra­tion pay­ments or that sup­port­ed car­tels or monop­o­lies.

Fos­ter made much mon­ey build­ing and advis­ing car­tels, which are based on agree­ments among com­pet­ing firms to con­trol sup­plies, fix prices, and close their sup­ply and dis­tri­b­u­tion net­works to out­siders. Reform­ers in many coun­tries railed against these car­tels, but Fos­ter defend­ed them as guar­an­tors of sta­bil­i­ty that ensured prof­its while pro­tect­ing economies from unpre­dictable swings. Two that he shaped became glob­al forces.

Among Fos­ter’s pre­mier clients was the New Jer­sey-based Inter­na­tion­al Nick­el Com­pa­ny, for which he was not only coun­sel but also a direc­tor and mem­ber of the exec­u­tive board. In the ear­ly 1930s, he steered it, along with its Cana­di­an affil­i­ate, into a car­tel with France’s two major nick­el pro­duc­ers. In 1934, he brought the biggest Ger­man nick­el pro­duc­er, I.G. Far­ben, into the car­tel. This gave Nazi Ger­many access to the cartel’s resources.

“With­out Dulles,” accord­ing to a study of Sul­li­van & Cromwell, “Ger­many would have lacked any nego­ti­at­ing strength with [Inter­na­tion­al Nick­el], which con­trolled the world’s sup­ply of nick­el, a cru­cial ingre­di­ent in stain­less steel and armor plate.”

I.G. Far­ben was also one of the world’s largest chem­i­cal companies–it would pro­duce the Zyk­lon B gas used at Nazi death camps–and as Fos­ter was bring­ing it into the nick­el car­tel, he also helped it estab­lish a glob­al chem­i­cal car­tel. He was a board mem­ber and legal coun­sel for anoth­er chem­i­cal pro­duc­er, the Solvay con­glom­er­ate, based in Bel­gium. Dur­ing the 1930s, he guid­ed Solvay, I. G. Far­ben, the Amer­i­can firm Allied Chem­i­cal & Dye, and sev­er­al oth­er com­pa­nies into a chem­i­cal car­tel just as potent as the one he had orga­nized for nick­el pro­duc­ers.

In mid-1931, a con­sor­tium of Amer­i­can banks, eager to safe­guard their invest­ments in Ger­many, per­suad­ed the Ger­man gov­ern­ment to accept a loan of near­ly $500 mil­lion to pre­vent default. Fos­ter was their agent. His ties to the Ger­man gov­ern­ment tight­ened after Hitler took pow­er at the begin­ning of 1933 and appoint­ed Fos­ter’s old friend Hjal­mar Schacht as min­is­ter of eco­nom­ics.

Allen [Dulles] had intro­duced the two men a decade ear­li­er, when he was a diplo­mat in Berlin and Fos­ter passed through reg­u­lar­ly on Sul­li­van & Cromwell busi­ness. They were imme­di­ate­ly drawn to each oth­er, Schacht spoke flu­ent Eng­lish and under­stood the Unit­ed States well. Like Dulles, he pro­ject­ed an air of brisk author­i­ty. He was tall, gaunt, and always erect, with close-cropped hair and high, tight col­lars. Both men had con­sid­ered enter­ing the cler­gy before turn­ing their pow­er­ful minds toward more remu­ner­a­tive pur­suits. Each admired the cul­ture that had pro­duced the oth­er. Both believed that a resur­gent Ger­many would stand against Bol­she­vism. Mobi­liz­ing Amer­i­can cap­i­tal to finance its rise was their com­mon inter­est.

Work­ing with Schacht, Fos­ter helped the Nation­al Social­ist state find rich sources of financ­ing in the Unit­ed States for its pub­lic agen­cies, banks, and indus­tries. The two men shaped com­plex restruc­tur­ings of Ger­man loan oblig­a­tions at sev­er­al “debt con­fer­ences” in Berlin–conferences that were offi­cial­ly among bankers, but were in fact close­ly guid­ed by the Ger­man and Amer­i­can governments–and came up with new for­mu­las that made it eas­i­er for the Ger­mans to bor­row mon­ey from Amer­i­can banks. Sul­li­van & Cromwell float­ed the first Amer­i­can bonds issued by the giant Ger­man steel­mak­er and arms man­u­fac­tur­er Krupp A.G., extend­ed I.G. Far­ben’s glob­al reach, and fought suc­cess­ful­ly to block Canada’s effort to restrict the export of steel to Ger­man arms mak­ers. Accord­ing to one his­to­ry, the firm “rep­re­sent­ed sev­er­al provin­cial gov­ern­ments, some large indus­tri­al com­bines, a num­ber of big Amer­i­can com­pa­nies with inter­ests in the Reich, and some rich indi­vid­u­als.” By anoth­er account it “thrived on its car­tels and col­lu­sion with the new Nazi regime.” The colum­nist Drew Pear­son glee­ful­ly list­ed the Ger­man clients of Sul­li­van & Cromwell who had con­tributed mon­ey to the Nazis, and described Fos­ter as chief agent for “the bank­ing cir­cles that res­cued Adolf Hitler from the finan­cial depths and set up his Nazi par­ty as a going con­cern.”

Although the rela­tion­ship between Fos­ter and Schacht began well and thrived for years, it end­ed bad­ly. Schacht con­tributed deci­sive­ly to Ger­man rear­ma­ment and pub­licly urged Jews to “real­ize that their influ­ence in Ger­many has dis­ap­peared for all time.” Although he lat­er broke with Hitler and left the gov­ern­ment, he would be tried at Nurem­berg for “crimes against peace.” He was acquit­ted, but the chief Amer­i­can pros­e­cu­tor, Robert Jack­son, called him “the facade of starched respon­si­bil­i­ty, who in the ear­ly days pro­vid­ed the win­dow dress­ing, the bait for the hes­i­tant.” He bait­ed no one more suc­cess­ful­ly than Fos­ter.

Dur­ing the mid-1930s, through a series of cur­ren­cy maneu­vers, dis­count­ed buy­backs, and oth­er forms of finan­cial war­fare, Ger­many effec­tive­ly default­ed on its debts to Amer­i­can investors. Fos­ter rep­re­sent­ed the investors in unsuc­cess­ful appeals to Ger­many, many of them addressed to his old friend Schacht. Clients who had fol­lowed Sul­li­van & Cromwell’s advice to buy Ger­man bonds lost for­tunes. That advice, accord­ing to one study, “cost Amer­i­cans a bil­lion dol­lars because Schacht seduced Dulles into sup­port­ing Ger­many for far too long.’ . . . .

. . . . Fos­ter had clear finan­cial rea­sons to col­lab­o­rate with the Nazi regime, and his ide­o­log­i­cal reason–Hitler was fierce­ly anti-Bolshevik–was equal­ly com­pelling. In lat­er years, schol­ars would ask about his actions in the world. Did he do it out of a desire to pro­tect eco­nom­ic priv­i­lege, or out of anti-Com­mu­nist fer­vor? The best answer may be that to him there was no dif­fer­ence. In his mind defend­ing multi­na­tion­al busi­ness and fight­ing Bol­she­vism were the same thing.

Since 1933, all let­ters writ­ten from the Ger­man offices of Sul­li­van & Cromwell had end­ed, as required by Ger­man reg­u­la­tions, with the salu­ta­tion Heil Hitler! That did not dis­turb Fos­ter. He churned out mag­a­zine and news­pa­per arti­cles assert­ing that the “dynam­ic” coun­tries of the world–Germany, Italy, and Japan–“feel with­in them­selves poten­tial­i­ties which are sup­pressed,” and that Hitler’s semi-secret rear­ma­ment project sim­ply showed that “Ger­many, by uni­lat­er­al action, has now tak­en back her free­dom of action.” . . . .

At the con­clu­sion of the Sec­ond World War, indus­tri­al­ists, financiers and asso­ci­at­ed lumi­nar­ies formed the World Com­merce Cor­po­ra­tion. Explic­it­ly designed to replace the Ger­man-based car­tels that coa­lesced after World War I, the WCC direct­ed the post­war flow of wealth into chan­nels favored by the glob­al cor­po­rate elite, thus pre­serv­ing the fun­da­men­tal eco­nom­ic order estab­lished in pre­vi­ous decades via the Webb-Pomerene Act.

Germany’s Mas­ter Plan (1943) [Down­load Part 1 Part 2 ] by Borkin and Welsh ana­lyzes how the Nazis took advan­tage of the bud­ding glob­al­ized econ­o­my to restrict their ene­mies’ strate­gic pro­duc­tion, as well as their access to crit­i­cal raw mate­ri­als. Treason’s Peace (1947) [Down­load Part 1 Part 2 ] by Howard Wat­son Ambruster high­lights how the I.G. Far­ben chem­i­cal firm manip­u­lat­ed trade rela­tion­ships to the advan­tage of the Third Reich. In addi­tion, the book illus­trates how cor­po­ra­tions, busi­ness­men and politi­cians behold­en unto the firm’s non-Ger­man car­tel part­ners assist­ed that manip­u­la­tion, as well as the post­war reha­bil­i­ta­tion and exon­er­a­tion of both I.G. and its most impor­tant per­son­nel. Illu­mi­nat­ing also is Josi­ah Du Bois’s The Dev­il’s Chemists, writ­ten by a mem­ber of the Nurem­berg judi­cial staff that pros­e­cut­ed key per­son­nel of the I.G., to lit­tle over­all avail.

James Stew­art Martin’s All Hon­or­able Men (1950) [Down­load Part 1 Part 2] doc­u­ments the man­ner in which pow­er­ful eco­nom­ic inter­ests in the Unit­ed States frus­trat­ed attempts at de-carteliza­tion and there­by ensured the post­war per­pet­u­a­tion of glob­al­ized “busi­ness as usu­al.” As Mar­tin points out, these com­mer­cial inter­ests were able to suc­cess­ful­ly manip­u­late the net­works through which gov­ern­ment oper­ates, and direct it to their own nefar­i­ous ends.

The lone title in the col­lec­tion less than 50 years old, Paul Manning’s Mar­tin Bor­mann: Nazi in Exile (1981) [Down­load] chron­i­cles the post­war under­ground per­pet­u­a­tion of the Nazi polit­i­cal and busi­ness hier­ar­chy and its dom­i­nant role in both the inter­na­tion­al cor­po­rate econ­o­my and the con­tem­po­rary polit­i­cal land­scape.

Although the book is cur­rent and, there­fore, not avail­able on this web­site, inter­est­ed researchers are emphat­i­cal­ly encour­aged to read Gold War­riors by Ster­ling and Peg­gy Sea­grave. Cov­er­ing the Japan­ese equiv­a­lent of the Bor­mann flight cap­i­tal net­work, the vol­ume is a hero­ic, mas­ter­ful analy­sis and pen­e­tra­tion of the Asian wing of the car­tel sys­tem that spawned fas­cism, as well as the real­i­ties of the post-World War II eco­nom­ic land­scape. (FTR #‘s 427, 428, 446, 451, 501, 509, 688689 deal with the sub­ject of the Gold­en Lily pro­gram suc­cess­ful­ly imple­ment­ed by the Japan­ese to loot Asia.)

The Third Reich’s elab­o­rate plans for post­war under­ground sur­vival and con­ti­nu­ity were pred­i­cat­ed on the cer­tain­ty that the multi­na­tion­al cor­po­rate com­mu­ni­ty would pre­serve the Nazi infra­struc­ture as a bul­wark against com­mu­nism dur­ing the (then) immi­nent Cold War. This “Under­ground Reich” was fore­seen and ana­lyzed in Curt Reiss’s The Nazis Go Under­ground [Down­load], pub­lished in ear­ly 1944. In the Fed­er­al Repub­lic of Germany–the “new” Germany–key Third Reich vet­er­ans occu­pied the prin­ci­pal posi­tions of pow­er and influ­ence in the coun­try’s com­mer­cial, mil­i­tary, polit­i­cal and judi­cial estab­lish­ments.

Not only were key Nazi func­tionar­ies installed at every sig­nif­i­cant lev­el of the Ger­man state, but inves­ti­ga­tors dis­cov­ered that a Nazi gov­ern­ment-in-exile was con­tin­u­ing to call the shots in the Fed­er­al Repub­lic through a fuehringsring–a clan­des­tine con­trol net­work ema­nat­ing, in part, from Fran­co’s Spain. The role of this Under­ground Reich exe­cut­ing Nazi polit­i­cal will in the Fed­er­al Repub­lic is chron­i­cled in T.H. Tetens’ The New Ger­many and the Old Nazis.

In addi­tion to the pow­er­ful cor­po­rate eco­nom­ic inter­ests allied with Nazi busi­ness cen­ters, the process of under­ground per­pet­u­a­tion was great­ly aid­ed by “Fifth Col­umn” move­ments abroad. Com­posed of ide­o­log­i­cal sup­port­ers of the fas­cist phi­los­o­phy, these Fifth Col­umn move­ments were instru­men­tal in real­iz­ing Nazi blue­prints for mil­i­tary con­quest dur­ing the war, as well as post­war con­tin­u­a­tion and enlarge­ment of those plans. Writ­ten on the eve of World War II, Gollomb’s Armies of Spies [Down­load] cor­rect­ly antic­i­pat­ed the enor­mous scope and effec­tive­ly suc­cess­ful activ­i­ties of the Fifth Colum­nists in nations slat­ed for Nazi inva­sion.

Tri­umph of Trea­son (1944) by Pierre Cot is a remark­able first-hand account of the sub­ver­sion of France by pow­er­ful domes­tic inter­ests, who saw polit­i­cal con­trol by their ide­o­log­i­cal allies (and car­tel busi­ness part­ners) in Ger­many as prefer­able to pow­er-shar­ing with their own demo­c­ra­t­i­cal­ly-mind­ed cit­i­zens. (Cot had been the French Min­is­ter of Avi­a­tion in the imme­di­ate pre-war peri­od, and wit­nessed the delib­er­ate, suc­cess­ful attempts at weak­en­ing France’s abil­i­ty to resist the Nazis mil­i­tar­i­ly. The trai­tors who sub­vert­ed French democ­ra­cy then blamed the French col­lapse on their patri­ot­ic polit­i­cal oppo­nents.) NB: Due to the wartime print and page lay­out, scan­ning this book proved over­ly dif­fi­cult and time con­sum­ing. For­tu­nate­ly, it is avail­able on line in its entire­ty. The URL can be found by follow­ing the link to the book and its descrip­tion.

In devel­op­ing their Fifth Col­umn move­ments abroad, the Nazis (and the Japan­ese) pro­ceed­ed in a geopo­lit­i­cal man­ner. Because they saw Spain as the key to the dom­i­na­tion of sev­er­al con­ti­nents (Europe, North Africa, Latin Amer­i­ca), the Nazis and their allies in the gen­er­al staff groomed the Span­ish Falange as the fas­cist move­ment of choice. Writ­ing of this in Falange (1943), [Down­load Part 1 Part 2] Alan Chase notes how the Reich then used polit­i­cal con­trol of Spain to advance their agen­da in Latin Amer­i­ca and the Span­ish-speak­ing world. The read­er is invit­ed to address Chase’s research in light of the rel­a­tive­ly well-doc­u­ment­ed post­war oper­a­tion and per­pet­u­a­tion of fas­cist inter­ests in Latin Amer­i­ca.

For the Nazis, geopol­i­tics dic­tat­ed a pro­found inter­est in the Mus­lim peo­ples of what they called “The Earth Island”—a giant, con­tigu­ous land mass that encom­pass­es all of Europe, much of the Mid­dle East, the for­mer Sovi­et Union, India (includ­ing Pak­istan at the time), and Chi­na. Stretch­ing from the Straits of Gibral­tar to the Pacif­ic coasts of Chi­na and Rus­sia, this land mass con­tains most of the world’s ter­ri­to­ry, pop­u­la­tion and nat­ur­al resources—oil in par­tic­u­lar. Con­trol that land and you con­trol the world. Accord­ing­ly, the Nazis built alliances with the var­i­ous Mus­lim pop­u­la­tions (Arabs in par­tic­u­lar) that are indige­nous to many of the most impor­tant petro­le­um-pro­duc­ing regions. Writ­ing in 1951, John Roy Carl­son wit­nessed and chron­i­cled the post­war Nazi recrude­s­cence in the Mid­dle East in Cairo to Dam­as­cus [Down­load Part 1 Part 2] a work that has par­tic­u­lar impor­tance for stu­dents of the events of 9/11/2001.

In an ear­li­er work—Under Cov­er (1943) [Down­load Part 1 Part 2]—Carl­son infil­trat­ed and wrote about the vig­or­ous Axis under­ground that exist­ed in the Unit­ed States before and dur­ing World War II. Acts of assas­si­na­tion and sab­o­tage in sup­port of the Axis pow­ers were used to good effect. In Ger­many and Japan, polit­i­cal oppo­nents to the rise of fas­cism were elim­i­nat­ed through a delib­er­ate pro­gram of polit­i­cal mur­der.

It is in that con­text that we may view Gov­ern­ment by Assas­si­na­tion (1942), Hugh Byas’s riv­et­ing account of the assas­si­na­tions com­mit­ted by the Japan­ese patri­ot­ic and ultra-nation­al­is­tic soci­eties. [Note that this book is not yet avail­able on this web­site, how­ev­er key excerpts can be accessed in FTR #291.] Cul­mi­nat­ing in the “May 15th Incident”—the assas­si­na­tion of the Japan­ese Prime Min­is­ter on 5/15/1932—these mur­ders were instru­men­tal in the acces­sion to pow­er of the Japan­ese mil­i­tarists and the cor­po­rate and impe­r­i­al ele­ments behind them.

Two oth­er books avail­able here pro­vide valu­able insights into the con­tem­po­rary peri­od. T.H. Tetens’ Ger­many Plots with the Krem­lin (1953) [Down­load Part 1 Part 2] treats the piv­otal­ly impor­tant Ger­man “Ost­poli­tik,” which Ger­man pow­er struc­ture has tra­di­tion­al­ly exploit­ed in order expand and devel­op its influ­ence. The Ger­man threat to either remain neu­tral dur­ing the Cold War, or to ally with the USSR was a sig­nif­i­cant fac­tor in per­suad­ing con­ser­v­a­tive Amer­i­can pow­er bro­kers to go along with the return to pow­er in Ger­many of the Nazi ele­ments that pros­e­cut­ed World War II. Under the cir­cum­stances, some of these con­ser­v­a­tives felt that per­mit­ting Nazi ele­ments to return to pow­er behind a demo­c­ra­t­ic façade was the less­er of two evils, although many would have pre­ferred a more tra­di­tion­al­ly con­ser­v­a­tive Ger­man polit­i­cal estab­lish­ment. This Ger­man “Ost­poli­tik,” in turn, is char­ac­ter­is­tic of the geopo­lit­i­cal fore­sight and cyn­i­cism with which Pan-Ger­man­ists have suc­cess­ful­ly pur­sued their goal of world dom­i­na­tion through the cen­turies.

Paul Winkler’s The Thou­sand-Year Con­spir­a­cy (1943) [Down­load Part 1 Part 2] traces the ori­gins of Ger­man chau­vin­ism to the ascent of the Teu­ton­ic Knights with­in Ger­man­ic soci­ety. Win­kler labels the enablers of the dark side of the Ger­man char­ac­ter “Prus­so-Teu­ton­ics” and notes that, in their pur­suit of Pan-Ger­man goals, they do not hes­i­tate to deal in a cyn­i­cal and ruth­less man­ner with their own cit­i­zens. Of par­tic­u­lar note for con­tem­po­rary Amer­i­cans is the delib­er­ate, Machi­avel­lian manip­u­la­tion of the Ger­man econ­o­my by Hjal­mar Horace Gree­ley Schacht, the Amer­i­can-born financier who even­tu­al­ly became the finance min­is­ter of the Third Reich. Take note of Winkler’s account of how Schacht re-struc­tured the Ger­man econ­o­my with an eye to—among oth­er things—driving the cit­i­zen­ry to such a point of hys­te­ria that they would will­ing­ly fol­low the likes of Hitler. Com­pare Winkler’s analy­sis with what is tak­ing place today in the Unit­ed States. Writ­ing in 1943, Win­kler fore­saw that the Prus­so-Teu­ton­ics would real­ize their goals through the cre­ation of a Ger­man-dom­i­nat­ed cen­tral Euro­pean eco­nom­ic union (bear­ing a strik­ing resem­blance to today’s Euro­pean Mon­e­tary Union.)

We note that George Seldes’ land­mark 1943 text Facts and Fas­cism is avail­able for down­load on anoth­er web­site. The book is strong­ly rec­om­mend­ed.

“Those Who For­get the Past Are Con­demned to Repeat It”
—George San­tayana

“ . . . We can­not turn over our future eco­nom­ic pol­i­cy to pri­vate groups with­out pub­lic respon­si­bil­i­ty, as we have in the past. . . .”
—U.S. Attor­ney Gen­er­al Thur­man W. Arnold, writ­ing in the “Intro­duc­tion” to Germany’s Mas­ter Plan

Discussion

4 comments for “Introduction to Anti-fascist books”

  1. Add to this list:

    Ger­many will Try It Again (Schultz, Sigrid), Secret Armies: the new tech­nique (Spi­vak, John); and The Plot Against the Peace (Michael Say­ers & Albert Kahn).

    Posted by JS Downard | May 24, 2011, 6:44 am
  2. Read: Secret His­to­ry of the Jesuits, by Edmond Paris
    http://arcticbeacon.com/books/Paris-The_Secret_History_of_Jesuits(1975).pdf

    Posted by Geus | July 22, 2012, 11:17 am
  3. In the Cold War, the US Army cre­at­ed
    an Aggres­sor Nation speak­ing Esperan­to- and it was led by Mar­tin Bor­mann, an indus­tri­al­ist?

    Did the US mil­i­tary plan­ners know some­thing we did not?

    http://www.alternatewars.com/WW3/Trigons/Trigons.htm

    “August 1950/March 1951 His­tor­i­cal Back­grounder

    “6. Form of Gov­ern­ment

    The real pow­er in gov­ern­ment is in the hands of the “Trin­i­ty”: Mar­tin Bor­mann (indus­tri­al­ist), Tito Far­ruchi (dem­a­gogue), and Pilar Cor­do­ba (police chief). In the­o­ry, Bor­mann rep­re­sents the Teu­ton­ic peo­ples, Far­ruchi the Ital­ians and French, and Cor­do­ba the Span­ish and Arab peo­ples. Their author­i­ty appears to be equal. The Trin­i­ty coor­di­nates the pro-Aggres­sor sub­ver­sive activ­i­ties of the Cir­cle Trigon Par­ty in oth­er coun­tries with the polit­i­cal and mil­i­tary activ­i­ties of the Aggres­sor nation.

    The gov­ern­ment is com­plete­ly total­i­tar­i­an in form. Con­trol is high­ly cen­tral­ized at the top with a ten­den­cy towards bureau­cra­cy. It enjoys the nor­mal advan­tages and dis­ad­van­tages accom­pa­ny­ing total­i­tar­i­an­ism. All phas­es of nation­al life are direct­ed toward a com­mon end; the exe­cu­tion of the plans of the Trin­i­ty. On the oth­er hand, ini­tia­tive is rapid­ly declin­ing among the rank and file of the peo­ple.

    Gov­ern­ment func­tions are marked by impres­sive rit­u­al and an air of mys­tery. This has had a strong appeal to many class­es of peo­ple in the coun­try.”

    Posted by dada | February 4, 2013, 8:42 am
  4. Giv­en the recent fas­cist coup d’é­tat in the Ukraine, cou­pled with the atavis­tic resur­fac­ing of ‘Free West’/Russian bina­ry ‘cold­war­think’, the books Mr Emory so gen­er­ous­ly offers for down­load are I imag­ine, essen­tial for pro­vid­ing a meta-nar­ra­tive to this cur­rent out­break of the fas­cist mind, and with this in mind, I have just start­ed read­ing for the first time “The Nazis Go Under­ground” and Paul Manning’s “Mar­tin Bor­mann: Nazi in Exile”.

    And in this con­text, my cur­rent bed time lis­ten­ing is the Anti-Fas­cist Archive (which I have been close­ly revis­it­ing to pro­vide sup­ple­men­tal mate­r­i­al to cur­rent events), and I would like to thank Mr Emory and his for­mer co-host, Nip Tuck for all their hard work (the key indi­ca­tor of the long term val­ue of the AFA archive is its utter rel­e­van­cy to the geo-polit­i­cal land­scape today).

    Posted by Paul Harvey | March 16, 2014, 6:19 pm

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