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FTR #233 Kevin Coogan’s Conceptualization of “The Order”

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MP3 One Seg­ment [1]

1. Draw­ing on mate­r­i­al from Kev­in’s sem­i­nal work Dream­er of the Day: Fran­cis Park­er Yock­ey and The Post­war Fas­cist Inter­na­tion­al [2] (soft cov­er, Autono­me­dia, copy­right 1999, ISBN I‑57027–039‑2), this pro­gram sets forth a hypo­thet­i­cal con­struct advanced in the book. Hypoth­e­siz­ing an inter­na­tion­al fas­cist milieu orig­i­nat­ing from (though not coter­mi­nous with) the ide­o­log­i­cal ori­en­ta­tion of the Waf­fen SS, Kevin terms this milieu “The Order.” (This enti­ty is not to be con­fused with the 1980’s Amer­i­can Nazi orga­ni­za­tion of the same name.)

2. Begin­ning with analy­sis of Kev­in’s dis­cus­sion of the work of fas­cist occultist Julius Evola in Vien­na dur­ing the con­clu­sion of World War II, the pro­gram doc­u­ments Evola’s oper­a­tions on behalf of the SD (the SS intel­li­gence ser­vice.)

“Evola’s SD work at the end of the war is shroud­ed in mys­tery. His­to­ri­an Richard Drake says that while he was in Vien­na, ‘Evola per­formed vital liaisons for the SS as Nazi Ger­many sought to recruit a Euro­pean army for the defense of the Con­ti­nent against the Sovi­et Union and the Unit­ed States.’ Accord­ing to his own account, Evola spent his time liv­ing incog­ni­to while doing ‘intel­lec­tu­al’ research. But what kind of research?”

(Dream­er of the Day, pp. 319–20.)

3.

“While Evola was in Vien­na, the SD sup­plied him with a series of arcane texts plun­dered from pri­vate libraries and rare book col­lec­tions. The SD bureau that pro­vid­ed him with these doc­u­ments was Amt VII, an obscure branch that served as an RSHA research library. With this pre­cious archive, Evola close­ly stud­ied Mason­ic rit­u­als and trans­lat­ed cer­tain ‘eso­teric texts’ for a book called His­to­rie Secrete des Soci­etes Secretes. It nev­er appeared because Evola claimed that all his doc­u­ments were lost dur­ing the Russ­ian bom­bard­ment.”

(Ibid.; p. 320.)

4.

“But why would the SD active­ly involve itself in Evola’s arcane research at a time when hun­dreds of thou­sands of Russ­ian sol­diers were sweep­ing into the Reich? And why would Evola choose to live in Vien­na under a false name and devote his time to such a strange project? Could the answer to this ques­tion be found in the cryp­tic ref­er­ence to Evola’s ‘efforts to estab­lish a secret inter­na­tion­al order’ in the 1938 SS report?”

(Idem.)

5.

“I believe that Evola’s Vien­na project was inti­mate­ly linked to the devel­op­ment of what I will call ‘the Order,’ a new kind of Knights Tem­plar designed to suc­cess­ful­ly func­tion sub-rosa. Well before the end of World War II, the intel­li­gence and finan­cial net­works of the Third Reich were hard at work prepar­ing under­ground net­works to sur­vive the com­ing Allied occu­pa­tion. Escape lines to South Amer­i­ca and the Mid­dle East were orga­nized. Bank accounts were cre­at­ed in Switzer­land and oth­er neu­tral nations to finance the under­ground with plun­der the Nazis had loot­ed from occu­pied Europe. But how was this secret empire to be man­aged, except by a vir­tu­al­ly invis­i­ble ‘gov­ern­ment in exile’?”

(Idem.)

6. Like SS chief Himm­ler, Evola saw the SS as the suc­ces­sors to the Ksha­triya class (the Hin­du war­rior caste.) See­ing Ger­many and Europe as suc­cumb­ing to “bar­bar­ian inva­sion,” Evola saw a pagan, anti-Chris­t­ian mys­ti­cism as nec­es­sar­i­ly anti­thet­i­cal to the Judeo-Chris­t­ian cul­ture which, he felt, had led the West to decline before the “Bol­she­vik hordes” of the Sovi­et Union and the “chew­ing gum impe­ri­al­ism” of the Unit­ed States.

“For years, Evola had been fas­ci­nat­ed by knight­ly orders as expres­sions of the Ksha­triya caste of war­rior aris­to­crats. In the for­mal struc­ture of the SS, he saw the pre­cur­sor to a new Orden­staat, a State ruled by an Order. He also under­stood the great advan­tages pro­vid­ed by medieval orders of chival­ry due to their transna­tion­al com­po­si­tion. Cru­sad­ing orders, like the Knights Tem­plar and the Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem, were pan-Euro­pean, with sep­a­rate ‘nation­al’ sec­tions (‘langues,’ or tongues) uni­fied through a Coun­cil presided over by a Grand Mas­ter. After the col­lapse of fas­cist state pow­er, a new Order, an ‘invis­i­ble col­lege’ of sorts, was need­ed not only to manip­u­late bank accounts and trav­el sched­ules but to have pol­i­cy-mak­ing func­tions. Nor could it sim­ply be run under the aus­pices of the Vat­i­can, since Evola believed that Rome’s down­fall had been caused by the accep­tance of Chris­tian­i­ty by the dom­i­nant fac­tion of the Roman elite. The Emper­or Constantine’s offi­cial embrace of the ‘gen­tle Nazarene’ in 313 A.D. had cul­mi­nat­ed, a hun­dred years lat­er, in Alaric’s sack of Rome. With the Amer­i­can chew­ing-gum impe­ri­al­ists threat­en­ing in the West, and the new Huns sweep­ing in from the East, was the sit­u­a­tion in1945 real­ly so dif­fer­ent? The Order was a ves­sel for those ‘Her­met­ic’ ele­ments of the con­ser­v­a­tive Rev­o­lu­tion, old rul­ing class, and new Nazi elite not entire­ly behold­en to the polit­i­cal, cul­tur­al, and reli­gious ‘Guelf’ wing of the Euro­pean aris­toc­ra­cy which remained ide­o­log­i­cal­ly to the con­tin­ued prop­a­ga­tion of the rul­ing Chris­t­ian mythol­o­gy.”

(Ibid., pp. 320–1.)

7.

“This account of the ori­gins of the Order is obvi­ous­ly spec­u­la­tive, and I advance it as hypoth­e­sis, not fact. Yet if I am cor­rect the SD real­ly did have a need for Evola’s unique tal­ents. With his exten­sive knowl­edge of mat­ters eso­teric and occult; his fas­ci­na­tion with secret soci­eties and knight­ly Orders; his Waf­fen SS transna­tion­al­ism; his ties to some of the high­est fig­ures in fas­cism, Nazism, and move­ments like the Iron guard; and his loy­al ser­vice to the SD, Baron Evola was a per­fect can­di­date to help the­o­rize a new under ground Order. As the SD’s equiv­a­lent of Albert Pike, the for­mer Con­fed­er­ate Army gen­er­al who designed the rit­u­als for the Scot­tish Rite Masons in the late 1800’s, Evola’s task was to help cre­ate the inner orga­ni­za­tion­al and rit­u­al struc­ture for the Grand Mas­ters of a secret Sham­bal­lah whose finan­cial nerve cen­ter was care­ful­ly hid­den away in Swiss bank accounts.”

(Ibid.; p. 321.)

8. Kevin felt that this orga­ni­za­tion (reflect­ing the ide­o­log­i­cal stance of an ele­ment of the Waf­fen SS) would be pan-Euro­pean in scope and ori­en­ta­tion, and not nec­es­sar­i­ly entire­ly chau­vin­is­tic from a Nordic or Ger­man­ic racial and nation­al stand­point. Nour­ished by bank accounts secret­ed abroad, this hypo­thet­i­cal orga­ni­za­tion func­tions in an under­ground fash­ion. (The funds that nour­ished this insti­tu­tion would nec­es­sar­i­ly have derived from the Bor­mann Orga­ni­za­tion.)

9. The Order appears to have estab­lished osten­si­bly friend­ly rela­tions with the West.

“With the war rapid­ly com­ing to an end, how­ev­er, the Order lacked the time to imple­ment its plans. With sup­port from the top RSHA lead­er­ship, a decep­tion game was begun with both Allied intel­li­gence and the Catholic Church. Uti­liz­ing Wall Street and Vat­i­can fears of com­mu­nism, some of Himmler’s top cronies, like SS Gen­er­al Karl Wolff, became Dam­as­cus-road con­verts to a ‘kinder, gen­tler’ SS eager to estab­lish friend­ly rela­tions with both the Amer­i­cans and the Holy See.”

(Idem.)

10. This orga­ni­za­tion may very well have begun work­ing with the U.S. intel­li­gence appa­rat after the war, as evi­denced by, among oth­er things, the col­lab­o­ra­tion between post-war SS ele­ments and the CIA. Coogan hypoth­e­sizes that CIA direc­tor Allen Dulles may have played a pri­ma­ry role in such an accord.

“Behind the strat­e­gy of ten­sion there lurked what appears to have been a devil’s pact between the Order and Allen Dulles. Until Dulles was named CIA direc­tor by Pres­i­dent Eisen­how­er (and his broth­er, John Fos­ter Dulles, became direc­tor by Pres­i­dent Eisen­how­er (and his broth­er, John Fos­ter Dulles, became sec­re­tary of state), oper­a­tional links to the Nazi under­ground came pri­mar­i­ly from the Office of Pol­i­cy Coor­di­na­tion (OPC), head­ed by Dulles pro­tégé Frank Wis­ner, the for­mer chief of OSS oper­a­tions in Bucharest, Roma­nia. After the war, Dulles, Wis­ner, Angle­ton, and OPC’s Carmel Offie vir­tu­al­ly ran covert oper­a­tions in Italy as their own pri­vate affair.”

(Ibid., p. 334.)

11.

“The OPC’s bud­get was $4.7 mil­lion in 1949. Three years lat­er, when Dulles was still only CIA deputy direc­tor, it had reached $82 mil­lion. OPC per­son­nel had humped from 302 to 6,954. OPC was offi­cial­ly incor­po­rat­ed into the CIA in 1952 as the Agency’s direc­torate of Plans. In1956, after Pres­i­dent Eisen­how­er estab­lished the Kil­lian Com­mis­sion to inves­ti­gate the Agency, it was dis­cov­ered that more than half of the CIA’s per­son­nel and 80 per­cent of its bud­get had been devot­ed not to intel­li­gence-gath­er­ing but to psy­cho­log­i­cal and polit­i­cal war­fare pro­grams. Through­out this entire time, the Dulles net­work was inti­mate­ly involved in com­plex deals with fac­tions inside the post­war SS.”

(Idem.)

12. Anoth­er influ­ence on a Dulles/Order col­lab­o­ra­tive rela­tion­ship may have been psy­chol­o­gist Carl Jung, who was con­nect­ed to Dulles and to the Third Reich.

“Did Dulles offer to pro­tect ele­ments of the SS in return for its sup­port for CIA-backed anti-Sovi­et oper­a­tions in Europe and the Third World? Did he think that grant­i­ng the Order a cer­tain amount of auton­o­my was a small price to pay for bring­ing it into the Amer­i­can camp? Might he even have been per­son­al­ly com­pro­mised in some way, or manip­u­lat­ed by the Dulles fam­i­ly psy­chi­a­trist, Carl Jung? Men Among the Ruins, then, may have been less a con­ces­sion by Evola to Amer­i­can pow­er than a sig­nal that some sort of under­stand­ing reached by Dulles and Wolff at the end of the war was now ful­ly oper­a­tional.”

(Ibid., p. 334.)

13.

“Jung also treat­ed Dulles’s wife, clover, for years. One of Jung’s assis­tants, Mary Ban­croft, was an OSS oper­a­tive in Switzer­land as well as Allen Dulles’s mis­tress. Like Evola, Jung was an expert in myth, sym­bol, and psy­che with a com­plex and ambigu­ous rela­tion­ship to the Third Reich.”

(Ibid.; p. 340.)

14. Sig­nif­i­cant­ly, the Order appears to have over­lapped, and also worked with, ele­ments of the East Bloc, includ­ing for­mer Sovi­et and East Ger­man nation­al secu­ri­ty offi­cials. The orga­ni­za­tion also main­tained con­tacts with “anti-impe­ri­al­ist,” Third World lib­er­a­tion move­ments.

“[Jan] Paulus then report­ed that the British had uncov­ered the fact that two Russ­ian gen­er­als, Bul­ganin and Kubalov, were work­ing close­ly with the Nazis; they also found that the Rus­sians had set up a coun­ter­part to Gen­er­al Matthew Ridgeway’s SHAPE, head­ed by a Gen­erl Shugaev, in East Ger­many. The British had ‘con­clu­sive evi­dence.’ That the [Wern­er] Nau­mann cir­cle [3] main­tained close ties to Gen­er­al Vin­cenz Muller, the brains behind the East Ger­man police. Paulus thought that Churchill want­ed to use this infor­ma­tion both to warn Wash­ing­ton that Ger­many was unre­li­able and to gain lever­age over Ade­nauer, even to the point of being able to top­ple his gov­ern­ment if nec­es­sary.

(Ibid., p. 369.)

15.

“He said that ‘Britain has an extreme­ly exten­sive dossier about the Nazi activ­i­ties which she will reveal lat­er in case Eisen­how­er decides to push his broad Ger­man pol­i­cy too far. For instance, the British have con­clu­sive evi­dence that the Nazi activ­i­ties have been financed by the Ruhr indus­tri­al­ists . . . Addi­tion­al evi­dence that the Ruhr indus­tri­al­ists have been col­lab­o­rat­ing very exten­sive­ly with the Nazis is the fact when [for­mer Nazi finance min­is­ter] Dr. Schacht opened his bank in Dus­sel­dorf, the min­is­ter of inte­ri­or and the min­is­ter of eco­nom­ics were present.’”

(Idem.)

16.

“The British par­tic­u­lar­ly feared the Nau­mann circle’s aston­ish­ing influ­ence in the Mid­dle East. Accord­ing to a March 1953 report by the Non-Sec­tar­i­an Anti-Nazi League (NSANL), Dr. Gus­tav Scheel, a Brud­er­schaft leader arrest­ed with Nau­mann, main­tained excel­lent ties to the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem. Ger­man cor­po­ra­tions wish­ing to do busi­ness in the Mid­dle East and Africa first had to approach Nau­mann, Scheel, Sko­rzeny, and the Grand Mufti. Scheel was espe­cial­ly close to Iran’s nation­al­ist leader, Dr. Moham­mad Mossadegh, and sup­port­ed Iran­ian efforts to nation­al­ize West­ern oil com­pa­nies.”

(Idem.)

17. In addi­tion, the Order appears to have exploit­ed its con­tacts with­in both East and West blocs to fur­ther its own fascis­tic and elit­ist agen­da, play­ing both sides against the mid­dle dur­ing the Cold War.

“Any pure­ly sec­u­lar inter­pre­ta­tion of the divi­sions in the far right between the ‘pro-Russ­ian’ and the ‘pro-Amer­i­can’ fac­tions of the Black Inter­na­tion­al that avoids the ‘occult’ would con­clude that polit­i­cal dif­fer­ences divid­ed the two ten­den­cies. An Order, how­ev­er, is not struc­tured along con­ven­tion­al polit­i­cal lines. Such an orga­ni­za­tion can dic­tate sharp turns and rever­sals in seem­ing­ly fixed polit­i­cal log­ics because the ‘polit­i­cal,’ crude­ly under­stood, is not the moti­vat­ing force.”

(Ibid. p. 360.)

18.

“Whether Yock­ey or any­one else tilt­ed East or West, and at what time, and to what degree, and for how long, and under what con­di­tions, was essen­tial­ly a tac­ti­cal ques­tion. The Order, like any intel­li­gence agency, was a kind of octo­pus with many ten­ta­cles, not jus a ‘left’ and ‘right’ one. While I believe that there were legit­i­mate pol­i­cy argu­ments inside the post­war under­ground, as might be expect­ed, I am not at all sure that it is mean­ing­ful to con­cep­tu­al­ize a split inside the Order along rigid ‘East’/ ‘West’ lines. An orga­ni­za­tion like the Order was nec­es­sary pre­cise­ly to pre­vent the total dom­i­na­tion of post­war Europe by either the Amer­i­cans or the Rus­sians. By play­ing off the U.S. and USSR against one anoth­er, the Order equal­ly ensured its own abil­i­ty to sur­vive and pros­per. In music, the basic theme can some­times be quite sim­ple. The real test is how well you play the com­plex vari­a­tions.”

(Idem.)

It should also be remem­bered that Fran­cis Park­er Yock­ey, Julius Evola and “the Order” con­sid­ered the Unit­ed States to be the greater threat.

“There was, in fact, lit­tle ide­o­log­i­cal dif­fer­ence between Evola and Yock­ey. Like Yock­ey, Evola believed that the Amer­i­can cul­tur­al threat to Europe was far greater than any­thing the Rus­sians could come up with.”

(Ibid.; pp. 359–60.)