Spitfire List Web site and blog of anti-fascist researcher and radio personality Dave Emory.

For The Record  

FTR #519 More on the History of the Islamic Fascist Axis

Pales­tin­ian Islam­ic Jihad ral­ly, 4/15/2005. PIJ is an off­shoot of the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood. Do the par­tic­i­pants in this ral­ly appear to be mak­ing an Islam­ic ges­ture?

Record­ed July 24, 2005

REALAUDIO

In the wake of 9/11, the Lon­don bomb­ings and oth­er, less-pub­li­cized ter­ror­ist inci­dents, this pro­gram sets forth more infor­ma­tion about the his­tor­i­cal devel­op­ment of the fascist/Islamist rela­tion­ship. (FTR#456 is a com­pendi­um of many of the fascist/Nazi links to con­tem­po­rary terrorism—9/11 in par­tic­u­lar.) After high­light­ing a num­ber of arti­cles rel­e­vant to 9/11 and fas­cist con­nec­tions to that inci­dent, the broad­cast presents an infor­ma­tive paper detail­ing the devel­op­ment of the Third Reich’s rela­tion­ship with the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem—an SS offi­cer, key Axis spy and (even­tu­al­ly) the first leader of the Pales­tin­ian nation­al move­ment. Hus­sei­ni was an offi­cer in the Turk­ish army in World War I, dur­ing the peri­od in which the Turks com­mit­ted geno­cide against the Chris­t­ian Arme­ni­ans. After the British assumed con­trol of much of the Arab ter­ri­to­ry for­mer­ly held as part of the Ottoman Empire, they groomed al-Hus­sei­ni as a pri­ma­ry func­tionary of theirs in the Mid­dle East. A mur­der­ous anti-Semi­te, al-Hus­sei­ni even­tu­al­ly became the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem—the lead­ing Mus­lim cler­ic in the British pro­tec­torate of Pales­tine. It is note­wor­thy that the British reversed their 1922 agree­ment to abide by a League of Nations man­date to pro­vide for a Jew­ish home­land in Pales­tine, in order to cur­ry favor with the Arabs. (Of course, the Arabs con­trolled the vital oil resources of the Mid­dle East and, because of that, were deemed more impor­tant for British impe­r­i­al aspi­ra­tions in that part of the world.

Pro­gram High­lights Include: Yeslam Binladin’s offer to pay for his brother’s legal defense in the event of Osama’s cap­ture; a state­ment by the father of 9/11 hijack­er Mohamed Atta sup­port­ing the Lon­don tran­sit bomb­ings; the fact that Atta’s father bears the same name as a key al-Qae­da weapons pro­cur­er (who’s broth­er financed al-Qae­da and was rep­re­sent­ed by Home­land Secu­ri­ty chief Michael Chertoff); the con­ver­sion of British fas­cist David Myatt to Islam; Myatt’s asso­ci­a­tion with the Islam­o­fas­cist imam of the Fins­bury Park mosque; the League of Nations’ 1922 endorse­ment of the con­cept of a Jew­ish home­land; the Grand Mufti’s ille­gal ele­va­tion by the British to his posi­tion of pow­er between the wars; the Grand Mufti’s ini­ti­a­tion of pogroms against the Jews between the World Wars; the Grand Mufti’s even­tu­al align­ment with Nazi Ger­many dur­ing World War II; the World War II era Arabs’ say­ing “In Heav­en Allah, on earth, Hitler.” For more about the gen­e­sis of the fascist/Islamist axis, see—among oth­er pro­grams—FTR#’s 371, 383, 414, 416, 453, 473, 514.

1. Begin­ning with dis­cus­sion of Osama bin Laden’s half broth­er Yeslam, the pro­gram notes that he has vol­un­teered to pay for Osama’s legal expens­es should he ever be cap­tured. This is sig­nif­i­cant. Yeslam has main­tained that he has had noth­ing to do with his half broth­er or ter­ror­ism. The evi­dence sug­gests oth­er­wise. For infor­ma­tion about pos­si­ble terror/9–11 con­nec­tions of Yeslam and the bin Laden family’s Euro­pean hold­ing com­pa­ny SICO (which Yeslam heads), see—among oth­er pro­grams—FTR#’s 355, 498, 499. “One of Osama bin Laden’s half broth­ers said he would pay for the ter­ror mastermind’s defense should he ever be cap­tured, Yeslam Bin­ladin said in a broad­cast inter­view. ‘For sure,’ Yeslam Bin­ladin respond­ed when asked if he would help pay. ‘Every­one has the right to defend him­self, any­one who is accused of doing some­thing.’”
(“Bin Laden Rel­a­tive to Pay for His Defense” by Nadia Abou El-Magd [AP]; Las Vegas Sun; 7/3/05; p. 1.)

2. “Yeslam and Osama are among 54 sons and daugh­ters of the late Sau­di con­struc­tion mag­nate Mohamed bin Laden, who had 22 wives. Yeslam said he believed his half broth­er, thought to be hid­ing in the rugged moun­tains along the Afghan-Pak­istan bor­der, was still alive. ‘I don’t think he’s dead,’ he said in the inter­view record­ed on May 28 that aired Sun­day on the Dubai-based Al-Ara­biya satel­lite tele­vi­sion sta­tion. When asked why U.S. forces had still not been able to track bin Laden down, Yeslam respond­ed: ‘I don’t know, ask them.’” (Idem.)

3. Next, the pro­gram high­lights the incen­di­ary com­ments of 9/11 hijack­er Mohamed Atta’s father. Atta’s father endorsed the Lon­don bomb­ings, and promised a 50-year war between Mus­lims and the West. Inter­est­ing­ly, and per­haps sig­nif­i­cant­ly, Atta’s father has the same name as the broth­er of Dr. Magdy el-Amir, a financier of al Qae­da who was rep­re­sent­ed in court by Michael Chertoff, now the direc­tor of the Depart­ment of Home­land Secu­ri­ty. Dr. el-Amir’s broth­er was a weapons pro­cur­er for al Qae­da, snared in Oper­a­tion Dia­mond­back. Are Atta’s father and Dr. el-Amir’s broth­er the same per­son? (For more about Dr. Magdy el-Amir, Chertoff and Oper­a­tion Dia­mond­back, see FTR#’s 495, 500.) “The father of one of the Sep­tem­ber 11 hijack­ers said today he had no sor­row for what had hap­pened in Lon­don and claimed more ter­ror­ist attacks would fol­low. Egypt­ian Mohamed el-Amir, whose son Mohamed Atta com­man­deered the first plane that crashed into the World Trade Cen­ter in New York, said there was a dou­ble stan­dard in the way the world viewed the vic­tims in Lon­don and vic­tims in the Islam­ic world.”
(“Father of 9/11 Hijack­er Warns of 50-Year War” [RSS World News]; Dai­ly Mail; 7/20/2005.)

4. “El-Amir said the attacks in the US and the July 7 attacks in Britain were the begin­ning of what would be a 50-year reli­gious war, in which there would be many more fight­ers like his son. Speak­ing to a CNN pro­duc­er in his apart­ment in the upper-mid­dle-class Cairo sub­urb of Giza, he declared that ter­ror cells around the world were a ‘nuclear bomb that has now been acti­vat­ed and is tick­ing.’ Curs­ing in Ara­bic, el-Amir also denounced Arab lead­ers and Mus­lims who con­demned the Lon­don attacks as being trai­tors and non-Mus­lims. He pas­sion­ate­ly vowed that he would do any­thing with­in his pow­er to encour­age more attacks.” (Idem.)

5. Pre­sent­ing a win­dow into the mind­set of con­tem­po­rary Islamists, the pro­gram presents excerpts of a dis­turb­ing inter­view with Dr. Ahmad Dewidar, imam of the Islam­ic Soci­ety of Mid Man­hat­tan and a lec­tur­er at Man­hat­tanville Col­lege. Viewed as ‘the face of the next gen­er­a­tion of Mus­lims in Amer­i­ca, Dewidar is
a tru­ly dis­gust­ing, hor­ri­fy­ing char­ac­ter. Espous­ing views that would make Hitler proud, Dewidar doesn’t think that Mus­lims were respon­si­ble for 9/11 and feels that Jews con­trol the U.S. gov­ern­ment and news media. Such extrem­ism exem­pli­fies why Mr. Emory’s uses the term “Islam­o­fas­cist” to describe peo­ple like Dewidar. Note that the inter­view here was post­ed on the web­site of the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood. Note also that Dewidar express­es the view that Mus­lims were not behind the 9/11 attacks—a view echoed by many of the Inter­net con­spir­a­cy geeks and sig­nif­i­cant ele­ments of the so-called 9/11 truth move­ment. “ . . . QUESTION: ‘What steps did you take to fend off the accu­sa­tion that stuck to the Mus­lims – [i.e.] that they were behind 9/11?’ DEWIDAR: ‘Although a large part of Amer­i­can soci­ety believes that 9/11 was an oper­a­tion planned and fab­ri­cat­ed in order to forge a new real­i­ty of world rule under the so-called ‘New World Order,’ most of soci­ety got the mes­sage from the Mus­lims that they were in fact the ones behind [the attacks]. [Empha­sis added.] This mes­sage was reflect­ed in the [fact that] the Tal­iban and Osama bin Laden took respon­si­bil­i­ty for the event, as well as in the reac­tions of glee in the Arab and Mus­lim world to what hap­pened. As far as the Amer­i­can gov­ern­ment is con­cerned these events –whether or not these events were planned, or pinned on the Mus­lims, or some­thing else—provided an oppor­tu­ni­ty for [the Amer­i­can gov­ern­ment] to leg­is­late dubi­ous laws that restrict the growth and pres­ence of Islam in the U.S., such as the [anti-] ter­ror­ism law, and oth­er laws. But as far as Amer­i­can soci­ety is con­cerned, the sus­pi­cion towards any­thing Islamic—in the streets, in places of recre­ation and com­merce, and in workplaces—remains a heavy bur­den on the Mus­lim cit­i­zen in Amer­i­ca. The media—most of which is under Zion­ist con­trol—has helped to spread this per­cep­tion. [Empha­sis added.] When [the media] see a beard­ed Mus­lim sell­ing fast food on any street in any state, they put the cam­era lens in front of him and inter­view him as though he rep­re­sents Islam. At the same time, they ignore every mod­er­ate Islam­ic voice, every seri­ous, sci­en­tif­ic Islam­ic mod­el, and every expert reli­gious schol­ar. We are try­ing to deal [with this phe­nom­e­non] through con­stant con­tact with the media and by reg­is­ter­ing com­plaints with its direc­tors.’”
(“Head of Islam­ic Cen­ter in Man­hat­tan: Many Amer­i­cans Believe 9/11 Was Fab­ri­cat­ed to Enable the Forg­ing of a ‘New World Order” [Inter­view with Dr. Ahmad Dewidar]; MEMRI Spe­cial Dis­patch Series No. 928; 6/30/2005; [Excerpt­ed from an inter­view on the Mus­lim Brotherhood’s web­site www.ikhwaonline.com and MBC TV; pp. 1–2.)

6. “ ‘To con­clude, I would like to say that Amer­i­can society—without relat­ing to any giv­en gov­ern­ment position—is an active soci­ety that loves life and is quick to for­get. It will get over the events of 9/11 eas­i­ly, on con­di­tion that we offer them proof that we are inno­cent of this crime . . . .’ [Empha­sis added.]” (Ibid.; p. 2.)

7. “QUESTION: ‘What is the extent of the Mus­lim community’s influ­ence on Amer­i­can soci­ety?’ DEWIDAR: ‘The Zion­ist com­mu­ni­ty num­bers only three mil­lion, but they con­trol the gov­ern­ment, the pol­i­tics, the econ­o­my, and the media in the U.S. [Empha­sis added.] At the same time, the Islam­ic com­mu­ni­ty num­bers 11 mil­lion, but its influ­ence is weak. . . . QUESTION: ‘Are the only obsta­cles that pre­vent the orga­ni­za­tion and influ­ence of the Mus­lim com­mu­ni­ty obsta­cles relat­ed to its inter­nal affairs? DEWIDAR: ‘Of course not. Many are inter­est­ed in pre­vent­ing our influ­ence in society—first and fore­most the Zion­ist lob­by, which influ­ences the media at present, so that we can­not spread our ideas and spot­light our lead­ers and our suc­cess­ful mod­els. Even when a Mus­lim tries to work in the media, he has to con­tend with five mil­lion media employ­ees who are con­trolled by the Jews. [Empha­sis added.] If he is a genius, and they are forced to employ him, he works behind the cam­era, not in front of it. . . .” (Idem.)

8. In eval­u­at­ing and ana­lyz­ing the Lon­don tran­sit bomb­ings, it is impor­tant to take into con­sid­er­a­tion the fact that a num­ber of British neo-Nazis have embraced the Islamist cause. A for­mer “Nazi-Satanist” David Myatt has become a Mus­lim in order to fight against “the Jews.” Note that Myatt was received and laud­ed by Omar Bakri Mohamed, impli­cat­ed in the Lon­don bomb­ings and tak­en into cus­tody short­ly after­ward. (For more about the neo-Naz­i/Is­lam­o­fas­cist link, see—among oth­er pro­grams—FTR#’s 352, 443, 456, 499.) “...the charis­mat­ic leader of the Eng­lish neo-Nazi move­ment, David Myatt, now become Abdul Aziz ibn Myatt, appeals to those nos­tal­gic Axis mem­bers and to all ene­mies of the Zion­ists, to embrace with him the Jihad, the ‘true mar­tial reli­gion’ , which will most effec­tive­ly fight against the Jews and the Amer­i­cans. Anoth­er sign of this rap­proche­ment: on April 3, 2003, the Salafist Lon­don­er Omar Bakri Mohamed, leader of the move­ment al Mouha­jiroun as well as being imam of the Fins­bury Park mosque and a recruiter of a num­ber of youths who went off to join al Qae­da, offi­cial­ly received Myatt and accord­ed him a ‘wel­come into Islam’, spec­i­fy­ing to jour­nal­ists that the neo-Nazi past of this neo­phyte had ‘no spe­cial impor­tance once their goals con­verged in com­mon’.”
(“The Reds, The Browns and the Greens” by Alexan­dre Del Valle; Occi­den­tal­is; 12/13/04; p. 2.)

9. More about the Euro­pean neo-Fas­cist/Is­lam­o­fas­cist link: “Proof of the Euro­pean and trans-nation­al dimen­sion of the new pro-Islamist dimen­sion of the extreme right is in Lon­don, where one of the prin­ci­pal cen­ters of Islamist pros­e­lytism, the Islam­ic Coun­cil of Defense of Europe, is based. This insti­tu­tion is ani­mat­ed by old neo-Nazi mil­i­tants. At its head, one finds Tahir de la Nive, a Fran­co-British con­vert to Islam who, imi­tat­ing David Myatt, extols the gen­er­al Islamiza­tion of Europe as the sole ‘rem­e­dy for deca­dence and Amer­i­can-Zion­ist impe­ri­al­ism’. Quite respect­ed among the ‘nation­al-rev­o­lu­tion­ary’ milieus, among skin­heads and in the heart of the New Right, Mr. de la Nive, an old mujahid who had gone off to fight the Sovi­et ‘infi­dels’ in the 1980s, advo­cates a kind of ‘Euro­pean Islam­ic nation­al­ism’ and pub­lish­es a bilin­gual French-Eng­lish review, Cen­tu­rio, which ‘treats of the mil­i­tary prob­lems in the frame­work of Islam­ic phi­los­o­phy and war’. In a recent work pref­aced by Omar Amin and Chris­t­ian Bouchet, Les Crois­es de I’On­cle Sam [The Cru­sades of Uncle Sam], this Brown-Green ide­o­logue calls on all neo-Nazi mil­i­tants to join rev­o­lu­tion­ary Islam and denounce every form of com­pro­mise with the ‘dia­bol­ic’ forces of Amer­i­can-Israeli impe­ri­al­ism. Oth­er cen­tral fig­ures of Eng­lish fas­cism, the direc­tors of the World Union of Socialists—Colin Jor­dan, the ‘Fuhrer’ of the Eng­lish Nation­al Social­ist Move­ment (NSM), and John Tyndall—have since 1988 been main­tain­ing

con­tacts with Pales­tin­ian ter­ror­ist milieus as well as with the regime of Muam­mar Kad­hafy. On his side, the head of the Eng­lish Nation­al­ist Move­ment, Troy South­gate, has declared in the columns of the Fran­co-Eng­lish nation­al-rev­o­lu­tion­ary jour­nal W.O.T.A.N. (Will of the Aryan Nations); ‘In Pales­tine, the cru­el­ty of Zion­ism is evi­dent and we can­not but sym­pa­thize with the Pales­tin­ian peo­ple, who, just as our­selves, have seen their land soiled and despoiled by the igno­ble par­a­site which is ‘inter­na­tion­al Jew­ry.’ The ENM salutes Hamas and total­ly sup­ports the armed strug­gle against those who have vicious­ly attacked the ances­tral her­itage of an entire nation’.” (Ibid.; p. 4.)

10. Most of the pro­gram con­sists of a lengthy excerpt of an excel­lent arti­cle about the his­tor­i­cal devel­op­ment of the Islamist/Nazi link. It is very impor­tant to note the role of British impe­r­i­al strat­e­gy in cat­alyz­ing the begin­nings of the Nazi/Islamist con­nec­tion. “The end of World War I brought an end to the Ottoman col­o­niza­tion of Pales­tine. Towards the end of the war, Britain issued the Bal­four Dec­la­ra­tion sup­port­ing the ‘estab­lish­ment in Pales­tine of a nation­al home for the Jew­ish peo­ple ....’ The orig­i­nal reac­tion of the Arabs was mixed. While many Arabs opposed the Zion­ists, Emir Faisal — who was the son of for­mer Mec­ca ruler Sherif Hus­sein and lat­er King of Iraq — signed in 1919 a dec­la­ra­tion in sup­port of the Bal­four Dec­la­ra­tion, even sup­port­ing all nec­es­sary mea­sures ‘...to encour­age and stim­u­late immi­gra­tion of Jews into Pales­tine on a large scale, and as quick­ly as pos­si­ble to set­tle Jew­ish immi­grants upon the land through clos­er set­tle­ment and inten­sive cul­ti­va­tion of the soil.’ But peace between Arab and Jew would not last.”
(“Nazi Influ­ence on the Mid­dle East Dur­ing WWII” by David Storobin, Esq.; Glob­al Politi­cian; 1/6/05; p. 1.)

11. The bulk of the pro­gram con­sists of the read­ing of a long, infor­ma­tive arti­cle on the gen­e­sis of the Nazi/Islamist con­nec­tion. Of para­mount impor­tance in this analy­sis is the cyn­i­cal colo­nial­ist realpoli­tik prac­ticed by the British. After assum­ing con­trol of Pales­tine under a man­date from the League of Nations, they ille­gal­ly ele­vat­ed Haj Amin al-Hus­sei­ni to his posi­tion as Grand Mufti of Jerusalem in order to court the pow­er­ful Hus­sei­ni clan as allies in the main­te­nance of this part of their empire. (The Hus­sei­ni fam­i­ly wield­ed con­sid­er­able influ­ence in both Jerusalem and Mec­ca, and were thus seen as piv­otal to British colo­nial ambi­tions in the Mid­dle East.) Note that Hus­sei­ni had been in the Turk­ish army dur­ing World War I dur­ing the peri­od in which the Turks per­pe­trat­ed geno­cide against the Chris­t­ian Arme­ni­ans. He was engag­ing in mas­sacres of Jews from 1920 on. Later—as an SS offi­cer and key ally of Nazi Germany—he exer­cised his polit­i­cal abil­i­ties against the British Empire. “On April 4,1920, Haj Amin al-Hus­sei­ni orga­nized thou­sands of Arabs to attack Jews in Jerusalem. Arab police either stayed away or joined the riot­ers. The pogrom con­tin­ued on April 5. By the time order was restored by a Ze’ev Jabotin­sky-led Jew­ish mili­tia, 5 Jews were killed and 211 injured. At least two Jew­ish girls were raped. Al-Hus­sei­ni was sen­tenced to 10 years impris­on­ment, but after a few months of hid­ing in Tran­sjor­dan (now Jor­dan) was par­doned by Her­bert Samuel, a British Jew who served as the High Com­mis­sion­er of Pales­tine.” (Idem.)

12. “A year lat­er, on May 1, 1921, al-Hus­sei­ni orga­nized anoth­er round of pogroms. On that day, Zion­ists clashed with Com­mu­nists dur­ing the May Day parade. Com­mu­nists were quick­ly dis­persed, but Haj Amin al-Hus­sei­ni made sure not to miss the oppor­tu­ni­ty and quick­ly sum­moned his forces. When riot­ing end­ed on May 6, at least 13 Jews were mur­dered. While the British colo­nial pow­ers admit­ted that Arabs insti­gat­ed the vio­lence, they decid­ed not to press charges against al-Hus­sei­ni because they felt he was pro­voked by Zion­ists who demand­ed estab­lish­ment of the Jew­ish state.” (Idem.)

13. “The 1921 riots came short­ly after al-Hus­sei­ni was appoint­ed Mufti of Jerusalem by the British — in vio­la­tion of elec­tion results. The two pri­ma­ry Arab fam­i­lies in Jerusalem were the Hus­sei­nis and the Nashashibis. When Great Britain con­quered Jerusalem, a mem­ber of the al-Hus­sei­ni clan was may­or of Jerusalem, but was sub­se­quent­ly removed by the colo­nial gov­ern­ment with a mem­ber of the Nashashibi fam­i­ly appoint­ed in his place. In March 1921, the Mufti of Jerusalem — a Hus­sei­ni — died. The High Com­mis­sion­er of the colony con­sid­ered it desir­able to bal­ance the Nashashibi may­or with a Hus­sei­ni mufti, with Haj Amin al-Hus­sei­ni being his pre­ferred can­di­date for the posi­tion.” (Idem.)

14. Note that the Mufti’s ele­va­tion by the British was ille­gal. “The elec­toral col­lege nom­i­nat­ed three can­di­dates for the posi­tion of the Mufti. Under the long-estab­lished law, the colo­nial pow­er was to choose among the top three vote-get­ters. How­ev­er, the pre­ferred can­di­date of the Brits, Haj Amin al-Hus­sei­ni, placed fourth, receiv­ing only about 7% of the vote. To the local Islam­ic lead­ers (out­side the Hus­sei­ni clan), the young man’s lack of reli­gious prepa­ra­tion and knowl­edge made him an unac­cept­able can­di­date to be the top reli­gious leader in Jerusalem. All of the top three can­di­dates were Nashashibi-spon­sored, while the Hus­sei­ni clan focused its ener­gies on pro­mot­ing Haj Amin. The British inter­vened and forced the most pop­u­lar can­di­date, Sheikh Husam al-Din, to with­draw, thus push­ing al-Hus­sei­ni into third place. The young man with­out any reli­gious train­ing sud­den­ly became the most pow­er­ful Islam­ic cler­ic in Jerusalem.” (Ibid.; pp. 1–2.)

15. “A few months lat­er, in Decem­ber of 1921, the British admin­is­tra­tion estab­lished a Supreme Mus­lim Coun­cil with full con­trol over the Waqf (reli­gious trusts) and the Shari­ah (Mus­lim reli­gious courts). Haj Amin al-Hus­sei­ni was appoint­ed Pres­i­dent of the body. With­in a year, the man who orga­nized mul­ti­ple mas­sacres, became the leader of all the most impor­tant bod­ies in the colony: reli­gious (as a Mufti), legal (Shari­ah) and finan­cial (Waqf). A 1937 Roy­al Com­mis­sion report not­ed al-Hus­sei­ni had ‘no legal lim­i­ta­tion to his pow­er.’” (Ibid.; p. 2.)

16. “Con­trol­ling a spec­tac­u­lar sum of mon­ey and the right to appoint Pales­tin­ian Islam­ic preach­ers, al-Hus­sei­ni built a ‘polit­i­cal machine’ that brought the reli­gious and polit­i­cal estab­lish­ment under his dom­i­na­tion. Through them, he was able to arouse reli­gious fanati­cism against Jews and the West. His preach­ers urged their flock to ‘go out and mur­der the Jew­ish infi­del in the name of the holy Koran,’ con­stant­ly declar­ing that ‘he who kills a Jew is assured of a place in the next world.’”’ (Idem.)

17. The Grand Mufti’s hatred of Jews (and sub­se­quent alliance with the Third Reich) was matched by that of Mus­lim Broth­er­hood founder Has­san al-Ban­na. (For more about the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood, see—among oth­er pro­grams—FTR#’s 343, 455, 456, 473, 513, 514, 518. Use the search func­tion linked at the top of this descrip­tion to find more infor­ma­tion about the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood.) “Mufti hat­ed Jews for the same rea­sons as Hasan al-Ban­na in Egypt. Jews, espe­cial­ly the arriv­ing Zion­ist immi­grants, brought a modem, Western/European way of life, a direct oppo­site of what the fun­da­men­tal­ists want­ed. Just as Ban­na, Hus­sei­ni felt per­son­al­ly threat­ened by West­ern cul­ture. ‘The Jews have changed the life of Pales­tine in such a way that it must inevitably lead to the destruc­tion of our race .... The Jew­ish girls who run around in shorts demor­al­ize our youth by their mere pres­ence.??

?” (Idem.)

18. In the con­text of the Israeli-Pales­tin­ian con­flict, it is inter­est­ing to note that the Unit­ed Nations’ estab­lish­ment of Israel fol­lowed a prece­dent of inter­na­tion­al law estab­lished in 1922. “The year 1922 brought the worst pos­si­ble news to al-Hus­sei­ni. The League of Nations rec­og­nized the land west of the Jor­dan Riv­er as the ‘Jew­ish Nation­al Home.’ The British White Paper of 1922, divid­ed Pales­tine with 77% to the east of the Jor­dan riv­er giv­en to Arabs, while the 23% to the west left for the Jew­ish peo­ple. Short­ly there­after, the League of Nations con­firmed the divi­sion in its man­date sys­tem, urg­ing Great Britain, as the Manda­to­ry pow­er, to ‘facil­i­tate Jew­ish immi­gra­tion,’ as well as ‘close set­tle­ment of Jews on the land.’ The League of Nations even man­dat­ed that no ‘ter­ri­to­ry shall be ced­ed or leased to, or in any way placed under the con­trol of, the Gov­ern­ment of any for­eign Pow­er,’ thus reject­ing any Arab claims to what has since become known as Israel, West Bank and Gaza. Indeed, the Arab peo­ple are nev­er even men­tioned in the Man­date.” (Idem.)

19. “Sherif Hus­sein’s two sons were thus appoint­ed Kings. Faisal became the King of Iraq, while Abdul­lah the ruler of Tran­sjor­dan. The Hashe­mi clan orig­i­nal­ly fled from the Ara­bi­an Penin­su­la to Cyprus, but then set­tled in Tran­sjor­dan, lead­ing the fight against the British. Mak­ing Abdul­lah the King of Tran­sjor­dan sat­is­fied the Hashemites after the embar­rass­ing loss Mec­ca. But as far as al-Hus­sei­ni was con­cerned, it was­n’t bad enough that he did­n’t get a state, but his worst ene­mies in the Arab world — the Hashemites — were now rul­ing two coun­tries (Tran­sjor­dan and Iraq), while Zion­ists had their goal legit­imized by the League of Nations. The Kings of Iraq and Tran­sjor­dan ‑despite see­ing their father back­stabbed by the Eng­lish — were mod­er­ates, friend­ly to the West and accept­ing of the Jew­ish state in the Mid­dle East. As the world was split into fas­cist and demo­c­ra­t­ic camps in the 1930’s and 1940’s, al-Hus­sei­ni and Has­san al-Ban­na found them­selves on the oppo­site side of the Hashemites.” (Idem.)

20. More about the Grand Mufti’s manip­u­la­tion and exploita­tion of the geo-polit­i­cal and colo­nial dynam­ics of the Mid­dle East between the World Wars: “The Mufti, who sup­port­ed estab­lish­ment of Greater Syr­ia in what is now Israel, Syr­ia, Jor­dan, Lebanon, West Bank and Gaza, decid­ed to focus his efforts on tak­ing over Pales­tine and Tran­sjor­dan, while under­min­ing the British and the Hashemites in Iraq. Years lat­er, UK’s Colo­nial Sec­re­tary Orms­by-Gore would report to the House of Lords: ‘The Mufti ... is play­ing his own dynas­tic game, and that game undoubt­ed­ly is to become not mere­ly the sov­er­eign of Pales­tine, not mere­ly to be crowned or uncrowned King of Pales­tine, but first head of Pales­tine, then Pales­tine and Tran­sjor­dan com­bined, and then the whole of Syr­ia, and, of course, in that posi­tion to be regard­ed as the leader of the Sun­ni world. ... He is a man of quite unlim­it­ed polit­i­cal ambi­tion. He was a Turk­ish Staff Offi­cer (dur­ing World War I) — and inci­den­tal­ly a Turk who knew him thought he was the black­est-heart­ed man in the Mid­dle East.’” (Ibid.; p. 3.)

21. Turn­ing on his British bene­fac­tors, the Grand Mufti grav­i­tat­ed toward Hitler. As will be seen, al-Hus­sei­ni became one of Nazi Germany’s most impor­tant allies, and played a role in bring­ing about the Holo­caust. “With­in weeks of Adolf Hitler’s ascen­dance to pow­er. Mufti of Jerusalem Haj Amin al-Hus­sei­ni con­tact­ed the Ger­man coun­sel-gen­er­al in Pales­tine. With excep­tion of fund­ing anti-Semit­ic riots, Ger­mans reject­ed the Arab’s over­tures until 1937, when Adolf Eich­mann and Her­bert Hagen were sent to Pales­tine to estab­lish a frame­work to pro­vide Hus­sei­ni with mil­i­tary and finan­cial aid by Nazi Ger­many and Fas­cist Italy.” (Idem.)

22. “By then, the Mufti had already proven his anti-Jew­ish cre­den­tials to the Ger­mans by orga­niz­ing a three-year long riots and mas­sacres. On April 19,1936, a crowd of Arabs stum­bled upon Jews in the town of Jaf­fa. Hav­ing been incit­ed by Mufti-spread rumors that Zion­ists were killing Mus­lims, the crowd decid­ed to kill three of the Jews they met. Six days lat­er, the Arab High­er Com­mit­tee was cre­at­ed, with al-Hus­sei­ni pre­sid­ing over the new body. The com­mit­tee open­ly endorsed past vio­lence and began orga­niz­ing future dis­obe­di­ence. On May 5, the British colo­nial author­i­ties warned al-Hus­sei­ni against com­mit­ting ille­gal acts, but did not appear par­tic­u­lar­ly deci­sive. With­in weeks, mas­sive vio­lence broke out. By Octo­ber 1936, near­ly 300 peo­ple were killed and anoth­er 1,100 wound­ed.” (Idem.)

23. Note that the British cod­dled the Grand Mufti and even­tu­al­ly reversed the Bal­four Dec­la­ra­tion (which rec­og­nized the Jews’ aspi­ra­tions for a home­land in the Mid­dle East.) “Colo­nial forces arrest­ed a few pawns and one major leader, but took no action against the Mufti. The New York Times report­ed on June 14,1936 that al-Hus­sei­ni had suc­ceed­ed ‘in con­vinc­ing expe­ri­enced high British civ­il ser­vants that he is work­ing for the gov­ern­men­t’s inter­ests [and that] it was in the inter­est of the gov­ern­ment that he should also be pres­i­dent of the new Arab High Com­mit­tee,’ so that ‘Haj Amin el-Hus­sei­ni enjoys the gov­ern­men­t’s com­plete con­fi­dence as its unof­fi­cial advis­er on the Arab side of the sit­u­a­tion .... The gov­ern­ment believes that he and only he is in a posi­tion to appease the Moslem mass­es; there­fore it gives him every sup­port while at the same time play­ing into his hands.’” (Idem.)

24. “Con­tin­u­ing its pol­i­cy of sid­ing with the Mufti, in June the Brits arrest­ed scores of mem­bers of the Defense Par­ty spon­sored by the rival Nashashibi clan, despite lack of any evi­dence that the Nashashibis were involved in the mas­sacres. Nine­ty per­cent of Arabs in the Sinai con­cen­tra­tion camp belonged to the Defense Par­ty, with anoth­er 10% com­ing from small­er polit­i­cal move­ments. None of the Hus­sei­ni-backed peo­ple were sent to the con­cen­tra­tion camp.” (Idem.)

25. The cyn­i­cism and anti-Semi­tism of the British toward the Jews was matched by the Sovi­et Union and the Com­mu­nist Par­ty: “The UK was not the only pow­er help­ing the Mufti in 1936. The USSR-spon­sored Com­mu­nist Par­ty of Pales­tine also did its part. After the 1929 mas­sacres (includ­ing the slaugh­ter of 68 Jews in Hebron), the Com­mu­nist Par­ty issued a state­ment that ‘rev­o­lu­tion­ary move­ment with­out pogroms [anti-Semit­ic riots] is impos­si­ble.’ The Com­mu­nists even con­sid­ered the Mufti ‘too mod­er­ate’ in his fight against Jews.” (Idem.)

26. A mem­ber of the Com­mu­nist Par­ty became the intel­li­gence chief for the Mufti’s mil­i­tary cadre dur­ing Husseini’s pogroms. “In the run-up to 1936–39, the Pales­tin­ian leader began coor­di­nat­ing orga­ni­za­tion of anti-Jew­ish vio­lence. In Novem­ber 1935, Com­mu­nists declared that Zion­ists were killing Arab fel­la­heen, as part of the Mufti’s pro­pa­gan­da cam­paign to spark Arab rage against the Jews. On the eve of the first riots, Com­mu­nists met al-Hus­sei­ni to work out the final terms of their roles in the upcom­ing vio­lence. Com­mu­nist Par­ty mem­ber Nimr Uda became the Intel­li­gence chief for Mufti’s mil­i­tary units. Anoth­er Com­mu­nist rep­re­sen­ta­tive, Fuad Nasir, was named deputy to Abdul Qadir Hus­sei­ni, com­man­der of Arab fight­ers in south­ern West Bank.” (Ibid.; p. 4.)

27. The British Peel Com­mis­sion vio­lat­ed the League of Nations Man­date regard­ing the Jew­ish home­land. Even­tu­al­ly, the British reneged com­plete­ly on the Bal­four Dec­la­ra­tion. “By 1937, Britain real­ized that the Mufti was spon­sor­ing the vio­lence not just against Jews, but against the Eng­lish as well. Al-Hus­sei­ni fled Jerusalem and set­tled in Lebanon. So glad were the British to see the Mufti leave that they did not even both­er to ask the French pow­ers gov­ern­ing Lebanon to extra­dite al-Hus­sei­ni. Mean­while, in an attempt to please the Arabs, UK’s Peel Com­mis­sion vio­lat­ed the League of Nations Man­date and offered a pro­pos­al to divide the land des­ig­nat­ed as the ‘Jew­ish Nation­al Home’ by the

League of Nations Man­date of 1922 despite a spe­cif­ic man­date pro­hi­bi­tion against such divi­sion. Instead, under the Peel Com­mis­sion pro­pos­al of 1937, only a small part of the land would become the Jew­ish state. A year lat­er, the Peel Com­mis­sion issued anoth­er pro­pos­al, with even less land offered to Jews. Some time lat­er, the British issued the White Paper of 1939 reject­ing the idea of a Jew­ish Nation­al Home and severe­ly restrict­ing Jew­ish immi­gra­tion. It was hoped for in Lon­don that such con­ces­sions to Arab nation­al­ists would appease al-Hus­sei­ni and his sup­port­ers. Yet, only two years after the White Paper, the Mufti would come back to strike the British again.” (Idem.)

28. The Grand Mufti’s alliance with Hitler per­mit­ted his forces to attempt to seize Iraq on behalf of the Axis: “In 1940, it looked as if Hitler’s arma­da was unstop­pable. Hav­ing already con­quered France, Aus­tria, Czecho­slo­va­kia, Poland, Nor­way, Den­mark, Hol­land, Bel­gium and Lux­em­bourg, Hitler and his friends in Italy, Spain and occu­pied coun­tries were clear­ly the rulers of con­ti­nen­tal Europe. Hitler had also allied him­self with the USSR under the Molo­tov-Ribben­trop Pact of 1939 which divid­ed East­ern Europe by giv­ing the Baltic States and parts of Poland and Roma­nia (as well as Fin­land, which Joseph Stal­in could­n’t occu­py) to the USSR, while let­ting the Ger­mans take over west­ern Poland, Roma­nia and oth­er Euro­pean nations. Mean­while, the Japan­ese were the dom­i­nant force of Asia, seem­ing­ly set to impose their con­trol on that con­ti­nent. Britain’s Win­ston Churchill stood vir­tu­al­ly alone against the Fas­cist onslaught, with the Unit­ed States mired in rad­i­cal iso­la­tion­ism, refus­ing to take part in what many Amer­i­cans saw as a Euro­pean war.” (Idem.)

29. The one region where the British still had sig­nif­i­cant influ­ence was the Mid­dle East. Hitler set out to change that. Hus­sei­ni want­ed to get rid of the Hashemites. Both men want­ed to get rid of the Jews and the Brits. It was a mar­riage made in heav­en.” (Idem.)

30. “Despite a pow­er­ful Navy, the Unit­ed King­dom and its army was mod­est in size and spread thin through­out the Empire. Mid­dle East and espe­cial­ly Iraq seemed like the next pawn to fall to the Third Reich.” (Idem.)

31. “Britain respond­ed with severe eco­nom­ic sanc­tions which, cou­pled with UK’s defeat of Ger­man forces in North Africa and pres­sure from the Iraqi roy­al fam­i­ly, brought down the pro-Ger­man gov­ern­ment on Jan­u­ary 31,1941. Kay­lani and oth­er pro-Axis Iraqi, under the influ­ence from al-Hus­sei­ni, con­spired to mur­der the Abdul-Illah. Two months after the Kay­lani left gov­ern­ment, the regent of Iraq fled the coun­try and the old Prime Min­is­ter was back in pow­er.” (Idem.)

32. “In 1940, King Ghazi (son of King Faisal I) died, leav­ing only his four-year-old son to gov­ern. Emir Abdul-Illah, the regent for the young Iraqi King, felt the need to bring Rashid Ali al-Kay­lani into the gov­ern­ment as the Prime Min­is­ter, despite the lat­ter’s sup­port for Nazi Ger­many and links with al-Hus­sei­ni. The new head of state imme­di­ate­ly shift­ed the poli­cies of Iraq in favor of Nazi Ger­many, guar­an­tee­ing sup­ply of nat­ur­al resources to Hitler, as well as refus­ing to cut its tied with Italy. The for­mer Mufti of Jerusalem and his sur­ro­gates fre­quent­ly act­ed as the gov­ern­men­t’s rep­re­sen­ta­tives with for­eign­ers. Kay­lani also asked from Hitler the right to ‘deal with Jews’ in Arab states — a request that was grant­ed.” (Idem.)

33. “Britain respond­ed with severe eco­nom­ic sanc­tions which, cou­pled with UK’s defeat of Ger­man forces in North Africa and pres­sure from the Iraqi roy­al fam­i­ly, brought down the pro-Ger­man gov­ern­ment on Jan­u­ary 31,1941. Kay­lani and oth­er pro-Axis Iraqi, under the influ­ence from al-Hus­sei­ni, con­spired to mur­der the Abdul-Illah. Two months after the Kay­lani left gov­ern­ment, the regent of Iraq fled the coun­try and the old Prime Min­is­ter was back in pow­er.” (Ibid.; pp. 4–5.)

34. Note that the Grand Mufti’s pro­tégé Kay­lani fled to the alleged­ly neu­tral Sau­di Ara­bia. (For more about the role of fas­cists in found­ing the mod­ern state of Sau­di Ara­bia, see—among oth­er pro­grams—FTR#361.) “As one of its first acts, the new admin­is­tra­tion sent its artillery to attack UK’s Roy­al Air Force in Habaniyya, caus­ing the Brits to respond by invad­ing Bas­ra. The hoped-for sup­port from Nazi Ger­many nev­er came and Kay­lani fled to Sau­di Ara­bia. [Empha­sis added.]” (Ibid.; p. 5)

35. “Haj Amin al-Hus­sei­ni, who issued a fat­wa (Islam­ic reli­gious rul­ing) call­ing on all Mus­lims to help pro-Axis gov­ern­ment in Iraq, became one of Eng­land’s most want­ed men. In May 1941, a group of Jew­ish fight­ers, includ­ing David Raziel, the leader of the right-wing Irgun (pre­de­ces­sor of today’s Likud Par­ty in Israel), set out for Iraq to assas­si­nate the for­mer Mufti on a mis­sion spon­sored by the Churchill admin­is­tra­tion. The mis­sion, how­ev­er, end­ed pre­ma­ture­ly when Raziel was killed by a Ger­man plane. Real­iz­ing the threat to his life, al-Hus­sei­ni fled to Europe dressed as a woman.” (Idem.)

36. “He was offi­cial­ly received by Adolf Hitler on Novem­ber 28,1941, who agreed to estab­lish a bureau for al-Hus­sei­ni which was used to spread pro­pa­gan­da on behalf of Nazi Ger­many, orga­nize spy rings in Europe and the Mid­dle East, and most impor­tant­ly, estab­lish Mus­lim Nazi SS divi­sions and Wehrma­cht units in Bosnia, the Balka­ns, North Africa and Nazi-occu­pied parts of the Sovi­et Union. After the meet­ing, the Mufti was also named SS Grup­pen­fuehrer by Hein­rich Himm­ler and referred to as the ‘Fuhrer of the Arab World’ by Adolf Hitler him­self.” (Idem.)

37. “The largest Mus­lim Nazi SS unit was the 13th divi­sion known as ‘Han­jar.’ Hus­sei­ni also orga­nized small­er, less effi­cient units, includ­ing the 21st Waf­fen SS divi­sion known Skan­der­beg . . . and the 23rd Waf­fen SS divi­sion known as Kama and made up most­ly of Alban­ian Mus­lims. Thus, the Hitler’s Mufti orga­nized or helped to orga­nize three out of 27 Waf­fen SS divi­sions formed before 1945 (eleven oth­er SS divi­sions were formed in 1945, but most of these were of ques­tion­able cal­iber and accept­ed sol­diers of ques­tion­able skill). Accord­ing to the Ency­clo­pe­dia of Holo­caust, Hus­sei­ni ‘orga­nized in record time’ Croa­t­ian units that went on to mas­sacre hun­dreds of thou­sands of Ser­bian Ortho­dox Chris­tians. Jacen­o­vac, the third largest death camp where over 200,000 peo­ple met their death, was run by Croa­t­ian Ante Pavel­ic with the aid of al-Hus­sei­ni. In all, at least 800,000 Yugosla­vian civil­ians were mur­dered by pro-Axis regimes ofU­tasche and Pavel­ic, with sig­nif­i­cant aid from the units estab­lished by the ‘Fuhrer of the Arab World.’ Tens of thou­sands of Jew­ish peo­ple out­side Yugoslavia also per­ished when the Mufti per­suad­ed not to trade them for Ger­man POW’s held by the Allies.” (Idem.)

38. “Al-Hus­sei­ni opened a North African Bureau in Ger­many, whose goal was to recruit 500,000 Arab sol­diers from Moroc­co, Tunisia and Alge­ria. The plan failed when the Ger­man forces were forced to with­draw from much of North Africa after a suc­cess­ful British oper­a­tion.” (Idem.)

39. “How­ev­er, an Arab Legion was found­ed and fought under the Ger­man flag. The Arab sol­diers had hoped to fight in the Mid­dle East, but were instead sent to the Russ­ian front, where they were com­plete­ly wiped out while fight­ing in the Cau­ca­sus region. Some time lat­er, in response to the British deci­sion to cre­ate a Jew­ish Brigade made up of some of the 26,000 Pales­tin­ian Jews who had fought under the Unit­ed King­dom’s flag, the Mufti con­vinced the Ger­mans to cre­ate an Arab Brigade. The unit, how­ev­er, either did not fight or was not very effi­cient because very lit­tle is known about it.” (Idem.)

40. The Mufti recruit­ed from among Sovi­et Mus­lims. For more about this con­nec­tion, see—among oth­er questions—FTR#’s 414, 51

8.) “The Mufti also made a par­tic­u­lar­ly strong effort to recruit Sovi­et Mus­lims. ‘It was large­ly due to Haj Amin’s pro­pa­gan­da that on the arrival of Ger­man armies in the north­ern Cau­ca­sus in 1942, five indige­nous tribes — the Chechens, the Ingush­es, the Balkars, the Karachais, and the Kabar­dines ‑wel­comed them with bread and salt,’ wrote Joseph Schecht­man in The Mufti and the Fuhrer. Stal­in’s response was dead­ly. Cau­casian Mus­lims, includ­ing near­ly all Chechens and Ingush, were exiled from their land, with up to a third dying as a result of inhu­mane treat­ment by Sovi­et author­i­ties.” (Idem.)

41. “The Mufti was sim­i­lar­ly instru­men­tal in the recruit­ment of the Azer­bai­jani bat­tal­ion, which ‘proved their val­or, were includ­ed in Ger­man Storm Troops and dec­o­rat­ed by the Ger­man Army,’ accord­ing to a Novem­ber 1943 broad­cast by DNB. The Mufti’s rep­re­sen­ta­tives in Cen­tral Asia recruit­ed some Mus­lim fight­ers for Nazi Ger­many there as well, despite the wide­spread sup­port of the major­i­ty of Cen­tral Asian Mus­lims for the plight of the Jews dur­ing the Holo­caust.” (Ibid.; pp. 5–6.)

42. The pro­gram high­lights the Grand Mufti’s role in pre­cip­i­tat­ing the Holo­caust: “The Mufti’s hatred of the West was matched only by his hate of the Jews. It is not a coin­ci­dence that Ger­many sud­den­ly aban­doned the pol­i­cy of expelling Jews and adopt­ed far harsh­er meth­ods a short time after the Mufti arrived in Ger­many. When Haj Amin came to Ger­many again, the Nazis decid­ed to exe­cute the Final Solu­tion to the Jew­ish Prob­lem — the Holo­caust. ‘The Mufti was one of the ini­tia­tors of the sys­tem­at­ic exter­mi­na­tion of Euro­pean Jew­ry,’ report­ed Eich­man­n’s deputy. Dieter Wis­li­ce­ny. ‘[He had] played a role in the deci­sion to exter­mi­nate the Euro­pean Jews. The impor­tance of this role must not be dis­re­gard­ed.... The Mufti was one of the ini­tia­tors of the sys­tem­at­ic exter­mi­na­tion of Euro­pean Jew­ry.’ We do not know if al-Hus­sei­ni played a major role in shap­ing the Final Solu­tion. ‘There is, how­ev­er, abun­dant first-hand evi­dence of the part the Mufti played in mak­ing fool­proof the ban on emi­gra­tion (of Jews out of Ger­many),’ wrote Joseph Schecht­man.” (Ibid.; p. 6.)

43. Al-Hus­sei­ni escaped from Ger­many to Pales­tine at the end of the war, and was received as a hero. Note that his escape was aid­ed by Abwehr agent Youssef Nada, a Nazi intel­li­gence agent and the head of Bank Al Taqwa. (For more about this see FTR#’s 416, 456. In FTR#513, we saw that Nada is a cousin of Yass­er Arafat, who is al-Husseini’s nephew.) Note also that the Grand Mufti was the first leader of the Pales­tin­ian nation­al move­ment. This is impor­tant to remem­ber when assess­ing Israeli atti­tudes toward the Pales­tini­ans. “When the war end­ed, al-Hus­sei­ni returned to the Mid­dle East as a hero. On Octo­ber 1, 1948, he was pro­claimed the Pres­i­dent of the gov­ern­ment of All-Pales­tine. The gov­ern­ment was, how­ev­er, fic­tion­al because it did not con­trol any land and was rec­og­nized by only a hand­ful of Arab nations. In 1959, the ‘gov­ern­ment’ was dis­band­ed by its spon­sor, Egypt.” (Idem.)

44. Note that the Islam­o­fas­cist allies of the Nazis such as the Grand Mufti and the Mus­lim Brotherhood’s Has­san al-Ban­na trav­eled in the com­pa­ny of sec­u­lar Arab fas­cist groups. The Baath par­ties of both Syr­ia and Iraq were pro­found­ly influ­enced by the sec­u­lar Arab fas­cists. In the pas­sage that fol­lows, it is inter­est­ing (and per­haps sig­nif­i­cant) that Sami al-Joun­di was one of the founders of the Baath par­ty in Syr­ia. The fam­i­ly of Jamal Daniel was among the Baath founders in both Syr­ia and Iraq. Daniel is a busi­ness part­ner of Neil Bush. (For more about the Bush/Daniel con­nec­tion, see FTR#’s 438 and 508.) “Sup­port for Nazism was not lim­it­ed to the for­mer Mufti. ‘We admired the Nazis. We were immersed in read­ing Nazi lit­er­a­ture and books.... We were the first who thought of a trans­la­tion of Mein Kampf. Any­one who lived in Dam­as­cus at that time was wit­ness to the Arab incli­na­tion toward Nazism,’ recalled Sami al-Joun­di, one of the founders of Syr­i­a’s rul­ing Ba’ath Par­ty. Indeed, a pop­u­lar WWII song was heard in the Mid­dle East fea­tur­ing words: ‘Bis­sama Allah, oria alard Hitler’ – ‘In heav­en Allah, on earth Hitler.’ Pick­ing up the theme of the book, posters were put up in Arab mar­kets and else­where pro­claim­ing, ‘In heav­en Allah is thy ruler; on earth Adolph Hitler.’ John Gun­ther of Inside Asia report­ed: ‘The great­est con­tem­po­rary Arab hero is prob­a­bly Hitler’ . . . .” (Idem.)

45. For a visu­al per­spec­tive on the fascist/Islamist con­nec­tion, check out the pho­to­graph above. It is a pic­ture of a Pales­tin­ian Islam­ic Jihad ral­ly on 4/15/2005. PIJ is an off­shoot of the Mus­lim Brotherhood—a link dis­cussed in, among oth­er pro­grams, FTR#’s 473, 514. Do the par­tic­i­pants in this ral­ly appear to be mak­ing an Islam­ic ges­ture?!

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