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For The Record  

FTR #529 Nazi Roots and Fascist Flowers

Recorded October 9, 2005

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Introduction: This broadcast details some of the fruits that have been borne by the collaboration between elements of U.S. intelligence and Nazi and fascist groups from World War II. Beginning with discussion of the Ukrainian fascist OUN/B and its affiliated organization the ABN (Anti-Bolshevik League of Nations), the program highlights the position of Ukrainian head of state Victor Yuschenko’s wife in that milieu. The former Katherine Chumachenko was a key official with the UCCA (the key OUN/B front group in the U.S.) and was Deputy Director for Public Liaison in the Reagan/Bush White House. In light of the fact that Yuschenko’s entire cabinet has either resigned in protest over the corruption of his regime or been fired, one must seriously consider to what extent his association with fascist fellow-travelers like the former Ms. Chumachenko may have paved the way for unsavory elements to enter the Ukrainian government.

The program also highlights the links between both the GOP and the John Birch Society milieu and the Iron Guard, the Romanian fascist group that fought alongside Hitler and the Nazis. Joseph Schmitz, the son of John Birch Society luminary Joseph G. Schmitz and the former Inspector General of the Pentagon has been named as the head of the Blackwater company—a private security outfit employing former elite special operations troops.

After reviewing the John Birch Society’s recovery of Japanese war loot from the Philippines in order to fund a private, right-wing national security establishment, the broadcast sets forth the links between the national security establishment and various “private” security organizations that function as proxy warriors and spies. Many of the right-wing outfits that spawn some of these “private” organizations also appear to have been the recipients of Japanese war gold.

The broadcast concludes with an examination of the role of Graz, Austria (the hometown of the family of Arnold Schwarzenegger) in the Vatican “Ratline” escape networks that spirited Nazi war criminals out of Europe and, in many cases, into the service of elements of Western intelligence.

Program Highlights Include: The role of the OUN/B and the closely affiliated ABN in Nazi liquidations and atrocities on the Eastern Front during World War II; the close links between the OUN/B and ABN and the Reagan/Bush White House; the role of the Romanian Iron Guard in the ABN/GOP milieu; the postwar survival of much of the Iron Guard infrastructure; review of the links between elements of the MacArthur group within the military and the John Birch Society; the role of the Graz police establishment in the Ratline operations in that city, as well as the influence of the Cardinal of Graz in sheltering war criminals in the town.

1. In late 2004 and early 2005, much of the world’s attention was focused on the so-called “Orange Revolution” in the Ukraine, in which a challenger—Victor Yuschenko—ousted a corrupt and autocratic predecessor after the populace demanded that evident electoral fraud be invalidated. The bloom has since gone off the fruit, so to speak, as Yuschenko’s entire cabinet has either resigned in protest over corruption or been fired. This program begins with discussion of Yuschenko’s wife—a Ukrainian/American with a politically tainted past. A Wall Street Journal editorial lauded the former Katherine Chumahcneko:

“In the most peaceful revolution since South Africa ended its apartheid regime by electing Nelson Mandela president in 1994, Ukraine has just elected opposition leader Viktor Yuschenko president of the former Soviet satellite republic. The victory comes for the pro-Western leader after a dirty campaign that saw him poisoned and only after hundreds of thousands of demonstrators filled the streets to protest voter-fraud. ‘We peacefully, beautifully, elegantly and without any drops of blood changed Ukraine,’ Mr. Yuschenko told cheering supporters.”

(“From America With Love” by John Fund; Opinion Journal—from The Wall Street Journal Editorial Page; 12/27/2004; p. 1.)

2. “What many Westerners do not realize, however, is when Mr. Yuschenko takes the seat of power, at his side will be a tough minded, savvy American-raised businesswoman. His wife, Kateryna Chumachenko Yuschenko, is the daughter of Ukrainian immigrants who grew up steeped in the traditions of her ancestral homeland. . . .”

(Idem.)

3. Mrs. Yuschenko’s background is more than a little interesting, and gives a possible hint to a source of corruption: the former Ms. Chumachenko was closely affiliated with a front group for the OUN/B, a Ukrainian fascist group that worked with the SS under the Third Reich and has been an integral element of the postwar Underground Reich. The OUN/B worked closely with the Gehlen spy outfit and affiliated organizations, such as the ABN (see below.)

“One Ukrainian nationalist group was the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) which split into two organizations: a less militant wing, led by Andrew Melnyk and known as OUN-M, and the extremist group of Stepan Bandera, known as OUN/B. The Nazis preferred the radical nationalist OUN/B. During the German military occupation, the Ukraine witnessed terrible atrocities against Jews and other groups targeted by Nazi policies. The OUN/B organized military units that participated in these atrocities. With the collapse of the Third Reich, many Ukrainian collaborationists fled their homeland.”

(Old Nazis, The New Right, and the Republican Party; by Russ Bellant; South End Press [HC]; Copyright 1988, 1989, 1991 by Russ Bellant; ISBN 0-89608-419-1; p. 69.)

4. The OUN/B, like the ABN, became a big part of the Republican ethnic heritage branch—a Nazi/fascist wing of the GOP with its roots firmly planted in the Third Reich. In the passage that follows, note for the purpose of the present discussion the UCCA, the main OUN/B front group in the U.S.

“After the war, the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists-Bandera (OUN/B), a clandestine group financed in part by German intelligence and led by [Jaroslav] Stetsko, accelerated its work in the West. A secretive group, OUN/B’s tracks are difficult to follow. ‘You have to understand. We are an underground organization. We have spent years quietly penetrating positions of influence,’ explained an OUN/B member who insisted on anonymity. The positions of influence under discussion were Reagan Administration appointments. All of the OUN/B’s key Administration contacts were through an organization called the Ukrainian Congress of America (UCCA), headquartered in New York City. . . .”

(Idem.)

5. The program presents more information about the ABN and its relationship with the former World Anti Communist League.

“ . . . The ABN is the high council for the expatriate nationalist groups that formed the police, military and militia units that worked with Hitler during World War II. Some were organized as mobile killing teams that exterminated villages and sought to murder whole ethnic, racial, and cultural groups. These mobile killing teams are the forerunners of the modern death squad. It is consistent, then, that the Latin American Anti-Communist Confederation (CAL) (for many years the Latin American branch of WACL) has a great affinity for the ABN and its members, according to several ABN members. CAL historically has served as an umbrella group for the regional death squads.”

(Ibid.; p. 75.)

6. “A meeting of the youth sections of CAL and ABN in 1983 took place in Fedorak’s Ukrainian Cultural Center in Warren, Michigan. The resulting 16-point resolution bore statements that might surprise some of their conservative U.S. supporters. Not only were the usual anti-communist sentiments expressed, but also anti-capitalist positions were taken. One point, for instance, called for ‘rejection of all materialist doctrines (author’s emphasis) which defile the human individual by treating people as egotistical, covetous and selfish beings. . . .’ The resolution called for a ‘faith in Revolutionary, liberation nationalism . . . .’ and ‘unbending opposition to collectivist slavery, against communist and capitalist alienation of human labor. . . .’”

(Ibid.; pp. 75-76.)

7. “These formulations mirror the classic outlines of National Socialism, which simultaneously fought the Communist and Western Capitalist powers ideologically and militarily. The Third Way, rejecting East and West, is still a position taken by significant elements of the contemporary neo-Nazi movement.”

(Ibid.; p. 76.)

8. “The Stetskos were not only leaders of OUN but the multi-ethnic ABN as well. The July-August, 1983 ABN bulletin ABN Correspondence carries several cover photos which show the Stetskos and other ABN leaders as White House guests in July 1983, personally meeting with Reagan, George Bush and Jeanne Kirkpatrick.”

(Idem.)

9. “After the Stetskos visited the White House, Yaroslav Stetsko’s wife Slava Stetsko, who lives in Munich, West Germany, called on the ABN to support Reagan’s re-election. She carried that message to ABN chapters during 1984 as well. The Reagan campaign cooperated with ABN, including scheduling an appearance by Michel Sotirhos, head of Ethnic Voters for Reagan-Bush Campaign of 1984 as well as the Republican Heritage Groups Council, at the 1984 ABN conference in New York City.”

(Idem.)

10. “The Goal of the ABN is to pressure the U.S. government toward a ‘liberation’ policy aimed against the USSR, with ABN leaders as the liberators. Although ABN members say they only need technical assistance from the West, they want the U.S. military to put them in power in Eastern Europe and the USSR. This is the formula they tried under German Nazi sponsorship. Their manipulations of the American political system are toward that end.” (Idem.)

11. “The emigres of the ABN still dream of one more chance to create a new order in Europe. They even got Michigan Republican Congressman Paul Henry to enter a statement into the Congressional Record in July, 1986, commending the ‘independence’ of the Ukraine under Stetsko in 1941.”

(Idem.)

12. “According to Henry ‘a representative assembly of the most prominent Ukrainian leaders from all walks of life issued a Proclamation of the Restoration of Ukraine’s Independence. . . . The proclamation received enthusiastic support of the Ukrainian people’ Henry referred to the ‘freedom fighters’ of the ‘Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN), led by Stepan Bandera.’ When questioned about his praise for a document which included the line ‘Glory to the Heroic German Army and its Fuhrer, Adolph Hitler,’ a spokesperson for Henry said he’d ‘not been aware of the fine print. . . .’”

(Idem.)

13. Notice Yuschenko’s wife’s position in this fascist/Nazi concatenation. The former Ms. Chumachenko had been director of the UCCA’s Captive Nations Committee and (as of 1988) been Deputy Director for Public Liaison at the White House!

“On July 20, 1988, George Bush reaffirmed the ties between the Republican Party and the ABN by making a campaign stop at Fedorak’s Ukrainian Cultural Center in Warren, Michigan. Bush delivered a hard-line foreign policy speech to those attending the annual Captive Nations banquet sponsored jointly by the Captive Nations Committee and the ABN. Sharing the dais with Fedorak and Bush was Katherine Chumachenko, formerly the director of the UCCA’s Captive Nations Committee and currently the Deputy Director for Public Liaison at the White House. [Emphasis added.] Ignatius M. Billinsky, President of UCCA, had already been named Honorary Chair of Ukrainians for Bush, and Bohdan Fedorak named National vice-chair of Ukrainians for Bush. . . .”

(Ibid.; pp. 76-77.)

14. Next, the program highlights the role of Romanian Iron Guard units in the ABN. Note, in particular, Horia Sima’s role as head of an Iron Guard government in exile. We will examine links between the U.S. far right, the Iron Guard and Sima later on in this discussion.

“ . . . (Romanian Liberation Movement). The Romanian affiliate of ABN and the World Anti-Communist League. Its leader for many years, Horia Sima, was also the head of the Romanian Iron Guard following WWII. Sima could hardly claim to have fought the Nazis and Soviets simultaneously, since he was released by the Germans from house arrest to head a Romanian puppet government-in-exile. It as set up by the Germans in Vienna in 1944, immediately the Romanian government abandoned the Axis and sued for peace with the Allies. As head of the government, Sima formed Romanian military units which fought on Germany’s behalf on the Eastern Front from 1944-45. Sima’s government-in-exile was disbanded nine days after Hitler’s death.”

(Ibid.; p. 75.)

15. The Iron Guard is part and parcel to a milieu that has coalesced at the forefront of the trend toward privatization of national security matters. Iron Guard officials had significant interface with elements of the John Birch society. A book excoriating Senator Edward Kennedy was authored by one “Zad Rust”—a pen-name for Prince Michael Sturdza, the foreign minister for the Iron Guard government during World War II. This book was actively promoted by the John Birch Society and Robert Welch, and—as will see—Representative John G. Schmitz. Schmit’s legacy has been perpetuated by his sons John P. Schmitz and Joseph Schmitz.

“ . . . On the questions of killing in ‘defense’ of one’s own ‘group,’ Robert Welch’s ideas are remarkably parallel with those expressed in deed by one of Europe’s most notorious gangs of political assassins. In a book titled, Teddy Bare: The Last of the Kennedy Clan and described by Welch as one of a battery of heavier guns’ against ‘the enemy,’ we find its author Zad Rust aghast that the ‘founder’ of ‘the American Civil Liberties Union’ gave his full approval to the right of all, citizens and aliens alike, to advocate political assassination . . . [Teddy Bare; Western Islands, p. 147.]”

(“Assassination and the Strange Friends of John Schmitz” by Walter A. Carrithers, Jr.; paper authored in 1972; pp. 40-41. [PDF download])

16. “Rust”/Sturdza also wrote a book extolling the Iron Guard and promoting the canard of the “Jewish Conspiracy.” The book was endorsed by Representative John G. Schmitz, whose sons (as discussed in the references in paragraph 15) have carried on his legacy. His sons are involved in investigations into various aspects of the 9/11 situation. “As since revealed in JBS literature, ‘Zad Rust’ is a pen-name for Prince Michal Sturdza, author of The Suicide of Europe, greeted by John G. Schmitz as a ‘powerful book’ (Review of the News, Feb. 23, 1972, p. 48.) It is described in advertising as ‘brilliant memoirs’ and ‘a personal, first-hand witness to international intrigue, to a people’s courageous response to . . . treason by their highest leaders . . . . a vital contribution without which no accurate history of the Twentieth Century can be written.’”

(Ibid.; p. 41.)

17. “How indeed does author Sturdza portray this ‘courageous response to . . . treason by their highest leaders. . . .’? Despite ‘Zad Rust’s’ mock shock at any idea that the advocacy of political assassination should be considered a civil right, the ‘response’ Sturdza admits and defends was that of the Iron Guard of Romania, one of the most notorious, bloodiest terrorist-assassination gangs in all of Nazi Europe—and Prince Sturdza was the Foreign Minister in its Cabinet after it finally gained power (and at once allied with Hitler and with Mussolini)!”

(Idem.)

18. “To show a bit of what that means, we quote from Assassination and Political Violence (A report to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence), p. 572: ‘Extreme nationalism and anti-semitism produced in Rumania a native form of fascism, the Iron Guard. The Iron Guard . . . utilized . . . tensions for direct action in the form of mass and individual violence . . . Nationalistic and rabidly anti-semitic, the Iron Guardists . . . ruthlessly . . . practiced a variety of violent tactics, inciting the population to pogroms and outrages against Jews, democrats and moderates who opposed them. Fascist students and Iron Guardists, in open disregard of the law and of the elementary rights of others, shot down public officials, and even fellow students. Codreanu {founder of the Iron Guard movement} shot down the prefect of police Manciu in court (1924) {in the birthplace of the movement}, participated in the assassination of Prime Minister Ion Duca (1933) . . . Again, in 1937 terrorists attempted to assassinate a courageous rector of the University of Yassi because of his opposition to antisemitic terrorism.”

(Ibid.; pp. 41-42.)

19. “ ‘In 1936, a student, Mikhail Stilescu, who had resigned from the organization, was killed in a hospital in Bucharest by 10 Iron Guardists [a typical ‘courageous’ response] . . . When General Antonescu took over the government of Rumania in 1940, the Iron Guardists murdered more than 60 prisoners and kidnapped and murdered the leading Rumanian historian, Professor Nicola Iorga, who was a former Rumanian Prime Minister and himself a nationalist. A leading peasant party economist, Virgil Madgearu, met the same fate. Outrages against Jews followed afterwards. This is only a random sample of the numerous killings and outrages perpetrated by the Iron Guard.’”

(Ibid.; p. 42.)

20. “In his defense of the Iron Guard whose agents assassinated two acting Prime Ministers of their country, ‘Zad Rust,’ the hatchet-man Founder Welch set upon Senator Edward Kennedy, pleads that it all was necessary to try and save the nation from ‘the Anonymous and Omnipotent Powers who decided that the hammer and sickle should replace the Cross where it has reigned for about two thousand years.’ (The Suicide of Europe; p. lxv.) Who were these ‘powers’ so ‘malevolent’ that they could only be combated by the assassin’s gun? Sturdza does not openly identify them; but it is no great task to read his intent, especially since one of his fellow-Iron Guardists, one at the right hand of its Leader, was Ion Mota, first to translate into Rumanian The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion. . . .”

(Idem.)

21. Note that the aforementioned Horia Sima and the Iron Guardists are an active part of the milieu of the John Birch Society, as well as the GOP.

“ . . . (As a footnote, the Iron Guard movement in exile is neither defunct nor inactive. One can find indications of its activity in America even today. For $.35 we purchased one of the copies of A Declaration of the Rumanian Legionary Movement on sale at the Americanist bookstore at Knotts Berry Farm, Orange County, California. Printed in South America, its author is Horia Sima who, with Sturdza, was a member in the Iron Guard cabinet of Prime Minister Antonescu. After its downfall, Sima fled to take refuge in Nazi Berlin.)”

(Ibid.; p. 43.)

22. In the wake of Hurricane Katrina and the devastation of New Orleans, there has been renewed focus on the privatization of national security matters, with the Blackwater security firm and other private security organizations assuming a leading role in the policing of that city. In the middle of Katrina’s strike on New Orleans, Joseph Schmitz—son of John G. Schmitz and brother of John P. Schmitz—was appointed as the head of Blackwater’s parent company.

“ . . . Just as the hurricane was hitting, Blackwater’s parent company, the Prince Group, named Joseph Schmitz, who had just resigned as the Pentagon’s Inspector General, as the group’s chief operating officer and general counsel. . . .”

(“Blackwater Down” by Jeremy Scahill; The Nation; 10/10/2005; p. 4 of 4.)

23. Next, the program recapitulates information from FTR 451 about the recovery of Japanese war loot from World War II and its use by the John Birch Society and other elements to finance their goal of a private national security establishment. The broadcast highlights the role of the John Birch Society in recovering Golden Lily treasure from the Philippines in tandem with mining engineer Robert Curtis. Note that the funds were going to be used to finance a private, right-wing vigilante force. Notice the reference to the Hunt Brothers’ attempts to corner the world’s silver market. The late Ali bin Musssalim (who maintained a Bank Al Taqwa account for Al Qaeda with an unlimited line of credit) was a participant in that scheme.

“When the Hunt Brothers ere trying to corner the world’s silver production in the early 1970s,’ Curtis told us, ‘they sent Colonel Herbert F. Buccholtz to me . . . later came Jerry Adams . . . Robert Welch, founder of the Birch Society; Congressman Larry McDonald, and Jay and Dan Agnew, and Floyd Paxton.’”

(Gold Warriors—America’s Secret Recovery of Yamashita’s Gold; by Sterling Seagrave and Peggy Seagrave; Verso [HC]; Copyright 2003 by Sterling Seagrave and Peggy Seagrave; ISBN 1-85984-542-8; p. 174.)

24. “The Birch Society was started in 1958 by a group of wealthy businessmen and far right politicians convinced that every closet in America contained communists, Jews, wetbacks, Afro-Americans, liberals and homosexuals. The Birchers also were dedicated gold and silver bugs. They had a longstanding grudge against U.S. presidents, starting with FDR, who had intervened to make private ownership of gold in America a crime, with penalties of heavy fines, confiscation and imprisonment. They also believed that Nixon had sold the United States down the river twice—first by taking America off the gold standard, second by his recognition of Red China. On the other hand, Nixon’s actions made it possible for the first time since 1933 for Americans to purchase and own gold legally. So Nixon opened up avenues for the Birch leadership to acquire gold overseas, and sneak it into America through the back door of Canada, where it added to the Society’s fund for anti-communist activities. Like other ultra-conservative groups in America and individuals like General Lansdale—one of their own—who had been forced out of the CIA and Pentagon by liberals, the Birchers had a long-term strategy to create their own right-wing vigilante force. Not something crude like Hitler’s Brown Shirts or Gestapo. More like a private FBI, assisted by elite private military forces. [Italics are Mr. Emory’s]. This would cost money, hence the need for large amounts of privately held gold.”

(Ibid.; pp. 174-175.)

25. “Although he was a conservative, and a patriot, Curtis was not a Bircher. But he shared their fascination with precious metals. Once he joined the Marcos gold hunt, Curtis told the Birch Society board confidentially about the hidden Japanese loot. He described his role in the Leber Group, and his participation with Marcos in sanctifying the gold, and in finding discreet channels to market it.”

(Ibid.; p. 175.)

26. “Curtis did not realize that the inner circle of the Birch leadership already knew about the Santa Romana recoveries, and the role of Robert B. Anderson and John J. McCloy in setting up the Black Eagle Trust. They also knew about the roles of Generals MacArthur, Whitney and Willoughby in the M-Fund, and all the financial manipulations in postwar Tokyo. They knew this because one of the founding members of the Birch Society was Colonel Laurence Bunker, a humorless fellow who had succeeded General Bonner Fellers on MacArthur’s personal staff in Tokyo. Bunker became MacArthur’s chief aide and spokesman in Tokyo from 1946-1951—the years of witch-hunting in Japan that made the McCarthy witch-hunts in America look bland.”

(Idem.)

27. “The Birch Society money men who arranged the loan for Curtis were Washington State senator Floyd Paxton and his son Jerry, who ran Kwik Lok corporation, makers of the ubiquitous plastic clips used to close plastic bags in supermarkets. Another participant, Curtis said, was Jerry Adams of Atlanta, head of the Great American Silver Corporation, a precious metals company associated with the Hunt brothers. Curtis said he was informed by Congressman McDonald and Robert Welch that the loan for Curtis to work with Marcos had been ‘cleared’ by them personally. They told Curtis he was to deal directly with multi-millionaire Samuel Jay Agnew, who sat on the national council of the Birch Society.”

(Idem.)

28. In addition to the Birch Society, it appears that other private right-wing interests also recovered large amounts of Golden Lily loot from the Philippines. “Private” is a questionable term, however, because the interests described below are inextricably linked with elements of the National Security Establishment. It is of particular significance that people associated with the Enterprise were involved with this apparent recovery. (The Enterprise was at the epicenter of Reagan/Bush covert operations of the 1980s including the Iran-Contra and Iraqgate affairs.) Many people from this milieu are in prominent positions in the administration of the second George Bush. It is worth noting that the Golden Lily treasure may well have been a contributing factor to the growth of private military firms and private intelligence organizations—one of the major constellations in the contemporary national security firmament.

“Once it was proved in U.S. courts that massive gold shipments did come out of the Philippines during the twenty years Marcos was president—gold that did not originate in the Central Bank, or in mines like Benguet—the remaining mystery is where did it go?”

(Ibid.; p. 186.)

29. “To be sure, the gold was shipped covertly, usually after re-smelting in manila by Johnson-Mathey Chemicals, using equipment Marcos stole from Robert Curtis. Before it left Manila, some was re-papered by Johnson-Mathey Bank, then made its way to buyers throughout the gold pools in New York, Zurich and London. Other black bullion was sold privately to Saudi princes, and Middle Eastern syndicates, or to discreet groups of Europeans through Luxembourg and Liechtenstein.”

(Idem.)

30. “Documents including waybills show that some shipments went to America aboard commercial ships and planes, while others went out on CIA aircraft to Hong Kong or to an American military base in Australia. So far as anyone can tell, the gold that went to America did not end up in Fort Knox. If it did, the U.S. Government is not admitting it. So where did it go? Who was shielding and helping Marcos, other than the CIA and Pentagon? Who else benefited from all this recovered plunder? Was the leverage of the federal government used to get some of this gold bullion into private hands?”

(Idem.)

31. “The answer is that Marcos had connections beyond the CIA, to a shadowy network called The Enterprise, a cluster of private intelligence organizations (PIOs) and private military firms (PMFs). These were staffed by former CIA and Pentagon officers who saw themselves as Paladins of the Cold War. Many PIOs and PMFs got their start in the 1970’s during shakeups at the CIA. They mushroomed in the 1980s after Jimmy Carter stirred up the anthill, and strongly motivated men had to continue their careers elsewhere.”

(Idem.)

32. “At the end of 1972, when he replaced Richard Helms as CIA director, James Schlesinger made it clear that he intended to forcibly retire hundreds of agents who were dead wood, or part of a Dirty Tricks clique under Helms long engaged in operations that violated American laws, including assassinations. When it then became known that the CIA was involved in the Watergate break-in and other domestic break-ins, Schlesinger ordered an internal investigation and preparation of a complete list of all Agency projects that might embarrass the government. The resulting 693-page report, called ‘the Family Jewels’, led to leaks about assassination programs like Mongoose, death squads like Phoenix, and other wet-work hidden by national security. Over a thousand CIA agents were sacked or obliged to take early retirement.”

(Ibid.; pp. 186-187.)

33. “When Nixon resigned, President Ford set up the Rockefeller Commission to investigate CIA wrongdoing, but staffed it with hardline conservatives who would avoid revealing things that would ‘blacken the name of the United States and every president since Truman.’”

(Ibid.; p. 187.)

34. “Congressional hearings into Phoenix, the Lockheed bribery scandal, and later Iran-Contra, resulted in additional housecleaning at CIA and the Pentagon. Added to these purges were disputes between CIA officials like Ray Cline and President Nixon over rapprochement with China, and between Jimmy Carer and top military officers like major General John Singlaub, and Air Force General George Keegan. When Carter got rid of so many professional soldiers and spooks, he does not appear to have given much thought to what they might do to keep busy in private life. No Roman emperor would have been so careless in disbanding a legion.”

(Idem.)

35. “Many of these clever and aggressive men regrouped privately, with funding from hard-right organizations like the Birch Society, Moonies, World Anti-Communist League, and wealthy conservative tycoons. Like Santy’s Umbrella organization, The Enterprise grew into a powerful and influential network during the late 1980s. Although they were now private citizens, these men continued to have close ties to serving military officers, to top men in the CIA and the armed services. This overlap made it nearly impossible to distinguish between official U.S. Government operations and those that had private objectives. This was especially true because so many of these individuals had long experience in covert operations, deception, and the clandestine use of government resources and secret funds. They were accustomed to working with CIA proprietaries that had every appearance of being legitimate companies in private industry but were actually Trojan Horses for the intelligence community and, by extension, for the armed forces. In fact, some of the PMF’s were little more than fronts set up so that generals, admirals, and former spooks could continue to draw salaries and pensions as if they had never left government service. Many CIA agents spent years or even decades under various covers, so it was hard to establish beyond any doubt whether they ever left the Agency, or merely went underground.”

(Idem.)

36. The program concludes with a point of speculative inquiry. In FTR#’s 504, 508 (among other programs), we examined the Vatican’s longstanding relationship with fascism and Nazism. In FTR#504, we took a look at the Vatican’s “ratlines”—the Vatican-sponsored escape networks used to spirit Nazi war criminals out of Europe and (in many cases) into the service of Western intelligence agencies, including American. RFA#17—available from Spitfire—has a detailed discussion of the ratlines. Gustav Schwarzenegger (Arnold’s father and a man categorized as a “Class Three” war criminal by the Austrian government) was a key police official in Graz in the immediate aftermath of World War II. Graz was also a key way station on the ratline, used to shelter Croatian Ustachi war criminals among others. This sheltering was done with the cooperation of the police chief of Graz. Was Gustav Schwarzenegger part of this Graz/Ratline operation? Was that why he quarreled with the British commissioner in the area? Was the tiny Graz suburb of Thal (where the senior Schwarzenegger became chief of police) also involved with the Graz/Ratline operation? It is worth noting that right-wing Catholic connections appear to have played a role in the rise of Arnold Schwarzenegger’s political star. In FTR 422, we looked at his wife’s family connections to the fascist Opus Dei organization. Former Los Angeles mayor Richard Riordan is a member of the Knights of Malta. Might Arnold’s right-wing Catholic and Underground Reich connections be traceable to his father’s connections to the same elements? The material in FTR 421 concerning the Nazis’ projected use of the police and other services essential for the maintenance of the postwar German infrastructure—material against which Gustav Schwarzenegger’s career must be measured—is from The Nazis Go Underground by Curt Reiss.

“ . . . When asked about his post-war activities, Monsignor Petranovic cheerfully admitted that he helped ‘a couple of thousand people’ leave Italy via Genoa. When the war ended, he says he witnessed the Communist massacres of captured Ustashi. After a brief stay in Zagreb, he was dispatched to the Yugoslav-Austrian border, where he moved freely among the fleeing Ustashi. He settled for a time in Graz where many notorious war criminals were hiding. His work there was aided by Bishop Ferdinand Pawlikowski, who obtained clearance from the local police chief to allow Petranovic to stay in Graz. [emphasis added] . . .”

(Unholy Trinity: The Vatican, the Nazis, and the Swiss Banks; by John Loftus and Mark Aarons; St. Martin’s Griffin [SC]; ISBN 0-312-18199-X; p. 106.)

37. The Cardinal of Graz also facilitated the Graz/Ratline connection.

“ . . . Perhaps the ‘treasure’ had been in a monastery, but Gowen was certain that the British were now using it to finance ‘the Croat movement in Yugoslavia. The resistance forces go by the name of Krizari (Crusaders) . . . Radio contact is maintained by means of a field radio operated by Vrancic, a former Pavelic minister, located in the British zone of Austria. The Ustachia courier service within the Austrian Zones is believed aided by the Roman Catholic Church in Austria. The Cardinal of Graz is known to be on close terms with . . . Professor Draganovic, Krunoslav, known Pavelic contact in Rome. . . [Emphasis added.]”

(Ibid.; p. 123.)

Discussion

One comment for “FTR #529 Nazi Roots and Fascist Flowers”

  1. http://www.timesofisrael.com/romanian-watchdog-protests-honoring-fascist-sympathizer/#ixzz3PzjC6ksu

    Romanian watchdog protests honoring fascist sympathizer
    President Klaus Iohannis awards Order of the Star of Romania to anti-Communist activist who praised pro-Nazi group
    By JTA January 24, 2015, 5:44 am

    A Romanian anti-Semitism watchdog group condemned Romanian President Klaus Iohannis’ honoring of a man who praised fascists who murdered Jews during the Holocaust.

    The Center for Monitoring and Combating Antisemitism, or MCA Romania, was responding to the admission last month of the anti-Communist political activist Octav Bjoza into the Order of the Star of Romania for his efforts within the Association of Former Political Prisoners in Romania.

    Bjoza, 76, was the first of 25 people Iohannis decorated with the Star of Romania medal. The Dec. 22 ceremony was the newly elected president’s first official function after assuming office the previous day.

    “It is deeply regrettable that in post-communist Romania, Mr. Bjoza chose to celebrate the ideas and beliefs of a criminal group like the Legionnaires,” MCA Romania Director Maximillian Marco Katz told JTA Thursday, referring to Romania’s pro-Nazi Iron Guard. Iohannis’ embrace of Bjoza was “a disappointing note of populism,” he added. “It sends the wrong message.”

    Iron Guard members killed 125 Jews during the Bucharest pogrom of 1941 and many thousands more throughout World War II.

    In 2009, Bjoza was filmed attending an event titled “Commemorating Legionnaires, Assassinated Martyrs,” where he said: “I am not a Legionnaire, it was too late to become one, but fortunately, at the age of 19 I was educated by some of them.”

    He said they taught him that “the Romanian nation is hunted by traitors.” For this, he added, “I will forever carry them in my mind and in my soul.”

    Following criticism over the award he received, Bjoza told the Adevarul daily that he was “not anti-Semitic” and that he “rejects extremism of any sort.”

    Iohannis told Romanian media that the criticism of Bjoza was unfounded because Bjoza was never a member of the Iron Guard.

    Posted by Vanfield | January 26, 2015, 9:04 pm

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