Spitfire List Web site and blog of anti-fascist researcher and radio personality Dave Emory.

For The Record  

FTR #580 “The Jews of Asia” — The Sook Ching Massacres and their Significance for Today

Recorded Jan­u­ary 15, 2007
REALAUDIO
NB: This stream con­tains both FTR #s 580 and 581 in sequence.
Each is a 30 minute broadcast.

In many parts of the mod­ern world, Mus­lims are in con­flict with other reli­gious groups and, in some places, with them­selves. This broad­cast illu­mi­nates a rel­a­tively lit­tle known his­tor­i­cal episode–the Japan­ese per­se­cu­tion and slaugh­ter of eth­nic Chi­nese in Malaya dur­ing the Sec­ond World War. Repeated else­where in Japanese-occupied Asia, the “Sook Ching” mas­sacres illus­trate an impor­tant polit­i­cal and soci­o­log­i­cal dynamic under­ly­ing Mus­lim con­flict with other reli­gious and eth­nic groups. In Malaya (and the mod­ern nation of Malaysia that suc­ceeded it), there is deep divi­sion and tra­di­tional hos­til­ity between the Mus­lim eth­nic Malay major­ity pop­u­la­tion and the “Over­seas Chi­nese” minor­ity. Largely illit­er­ate and eco­nom­i­cally dis­ad­van­taged as a result, the Mus­lim Malay major­ity has often expressed this hos­til­ity through vio­lent per­se­cu­tion of the highly edu­cated, pros­per­ous Chi­nese. The highly edu­cated Over­seas Chi­nese are the eco­nomic elite of Malaysia, and their edu­ca­tional and eco­nomic advan­tage is mir­rored by the Chi­nese minori­ties in other Mus­lim– major­ity nations in South­east Asia. Seek­ing both to pun­ish the Over­seas Chi­nese for their resis­tance to occu­pa­tion and to curry favor with the Malay Mus­lim major­ity, the Japan­ese launched the Sook Ching (“eth­nic cleans­ing”) mas­sacres. This mur­der­ous wave of ter­ror was rein­forced by sup­port­ive pro­pa­ganda from Haj Amin el-Husseini, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem. In addi­tion to being an SS offi­cer and Nazi spy, the Grand mufti was the first leader of the Pales­tin­ian national move­ment. The bru­tal treat­ment that the Chi­nese have received at the hands of Mus­lim majori­ties and the slaugh­ter vis­ited upon them by the fas­cist armies of World War II, have earned the Chi­nese have been called “The Jews of Asia.”

Pro­gram High­lights Include: Malaysian prime min­is­ter Mahathir’s Jew-baiting in his farewell address; con­tact between Mahathir and neo-Nazis asso­ci­ated with the so-called “9/11 Truth Move­ment”; col­lab­o­ra­tion between the Japan­ese who per­pe­trated the Sook Ching cam­paigns and the zaibatsu—the giant Japan­ese con­glom­er­ates that dom­i­nated the Japan­ese economy.

1. Begin­ning with analy­sis of polit­i­cal ten­sions in con­tem­po­rary Malaysia, the broad­cast high­lights out­go­ing Prime Min­is­ter Mahathir’s anti-Semitic com­ments in a farewell address. As noted by Paul Krug­man, Mahathir’s com­ments are “red meat,” spo­ken to assuage the Mus­lim major­ity in Malaysia. Of par­tic­u­lar impor­tance for our pur­poses, here is Krugman’s obser­va­tion about the social strife that has his­tor­i­cally existed between the edu­cated, pros­per­ous Chi­nese minor­ity in Malaysia and the une­d­u­cated, illit­er­ate and largely poor Mus­lim major­ity. The elite sta­tus of the Chi­nese has led to their active per­se­cu­tion in the past, when ten­sions have built beyond con­tain­ment. As will be seen below, the Japan­ese uti­lized Mus­lim resent­ment of the Chi­nese minori­ties in the pre­dom­i­nantly Mus­lim coun­tries that they occu­pied. By stok­ing the fires of hatred against the Chi­nese, the Japan­ese sought to solid­ify their sup­port among the Mus­lim majori­ties in those coun­tries. “ ‘The Euro­peans killed 6 mil­lion Jews out of 12 mil­lion. But today the Jews rule this world by proxy: They get oth­ers to fight and die for them.’ So said Mahathir Mohamad, the prime min­is­ter of Malaysia, at an Islamic sum­mit meet­ing last week. The White House promptly denounced his ‘hate-filled remarks.’ Indeed, those remarks were inex­cus­able. But they were also calculated—for Mr. Mahathir is a cagey politi­cian, who is nei­ther igno­rant nor fool­ish. And to under­stand why he made those remarks is to real­ize how badly things are going for U.S. for­eign pol­icy. The fact is that Mr. Mahathir, though guilty of seri­ous abuse of power, is in many ways about as forward-looking a Mus­lim leader as we’re likely to find. And Malaysia is the kind of suc­cess story we wish we saw more of: an impres­sive record of eco­nomic growth, ris­ing edu­ca­tion lev­els and gen­eral mod­ern­iza­tion in a nation with a Mus­lim major­ity.”
(“Lis­ten­ing to Mahathir” by Paul Krug­man; The New York Times; 10/21/2003.)

2. “It’s worth read­ing the rest of last week’s speech, beyond the offen­sive 28 words. Most of it is crit­i­cism directed at other Mus­lims, cler­ics in par­tic­u­lar. Mr. Mahathir cas­ti­gates ‘Inter­preters of Islam who taught that acqui­si­tion of knowl­edge by Mus­lims meant only the study of Islamic the­ol­ogy.’ Thanks to these inter­preters, ‘the study of sci­ence, med­i­cine, etc. was dis­cour­aged. Intel­lec­tu­ally the Mus­lims began to regress.’ A lot of the speech sounds as if it had been writ­ten by Bernard Lewis, author of What Went Wrong, the best-selling book about the Islamic decline. So what’s with the anti-Semitism? Almost surely it’s part of Mr. Mahathir’s domes­tic bal­anc­ing act, some­thing I learned about the last time he talked like this, dur­ing the Asian finan­cial cri­sis of 1997–98.” (Idem.)

3. “At that time, rather than accept the aus­ter­ity pro­grams rec­om­mended by the U.S. gov­ern­ment and the I.M.F., he loudly blamed machi­na­tions by West­ern spec­u­la­tors, and imposed tem­po­rary con­trols on the out­flow of capital—a step denounced by all but a hand­ful of West­ern econ­o­mists. As it turned out, his eco­nomic strat­egy was right: Malaysia suf­fered a shal­lower slump and achieved a quicker recov­ery than its neigh­bors. What became clear watch­ing Mr. Mahathir back then was that his stri­dent rhetoric was actu­ally part of del­i­cate bal­anc­ing act aimed at domes­tic pol­i­tics. Malaysia has a Mus­lim, eth­ni­cally Malay, major­ity, but its busi­ness drive comes mainly from an eth­nic Chi­nese minor­ity. To keep the econ­omy grow­ing, Mr. Mahathir must allow the Chi­nese minor­ity to pros­per, but to ward off eth­nic ten­sions he must throw favors, real and rhetor­i­cal, to the Malays. [Empha­sis added.]” (Idem.)

4. “Part of that bal­anc­ing act involves reserv­ing good jobs for Malay work­ers and giv­ing spe­cial busi­ness oppor­tu­ni­ties to Malay entre­pre­neurs. One rea­son Mr. Mahathir was so adamantly against I.M.F. aus­ter­ity plans was that he feared that they would dis­rupt the care­fully man­aged crony­ism that holds his sys­tem together. When times are tough, Mr. Mahathir also throws the Mus­lim major­ity rhetor­i­cal red meat. And that’s what he was doing last week. [Empha­sis added. Dur­ing World War II, the Japan­ese lit­er­ally threw the Mus­lim major­ity some “red meat”—the flesh and blood of mur­dered eth­nic Chinese.—D.E.] Not long ago, Wash­ing­ton was talk­ing about Malaysia as an impor­tant part­ner in the war on ter­ror. Now Mr. Mahathir thinks that to cover his domes­tic flank, he must insert hate­ful words into a speech mainly about Mus­lim reform. That tells you, more accu­rately than any poll, just how strong the ris­ing tide of anti-Americanism and anti-Semitism among Mus­lims in South­east Asia has become. Thanks to its war in Iraq and its uncon­di­tional sup­port for Ariel Sharon, Wash­ing­ton has squan­dered post-9/11 sym­pa­thy and brought rela­tions with the Mus­lim world to a new low.” (Idem.)

5. “And bear in mind that Mr. Mahathir’s remarks were writ­ten before the world learned about the views of Lt. Gen. William ‘My God Is Big­ger Than Yours’ Boykin. By mak­ing it clear that he sees noth­ing wrong with giv­ing an impor­tant post in the war on ter­ror to some­one who believes, and says openly, that Allah is a false idol—General Boykin denies that’s what he meant, but his denial was implau­si­ble even by cur­rent standards—Donald Rums­feld has gone a long way toward con­firm­ing the Mus­lim world’s worst fears. Some­where in Pak­istan Osama bin Laden must be enjoy­ing this. The war on ter­ror didn’t have to be per­ceived as a war on Islam, but we seem to be doing our best to make it look that way.” (Idem.)

6. As noted above, the Japan­ese con­ducted a mur­der­ous cam­paign against the eth­nic Chi­nese major­ity in what was then Malaya. Out­raged by Japan­ese atroc­i­ties against main­land Chi­nese, the “Over­seas Chi­nese” (or “Out­side Chi­nese” as they are some­times known) gen­er­ated eco­nomic resis­tance against the Japan­ese occu­piers. Decid­ing to lit­er­ally “kill two birds with one stone,” the Japan­ese sought to pun­ish the Over­seas Chi­nese and curry favor with the Mus­lim major­ity at the same time. The result was the “Sook Ching” (or “eth­nic cleans­ing”) mas­sacres, a pat­tern repeated in other Mus­lim major­ity nations con­quered by the Japan­ese. “ . . . Because most of the stolen trea­sure reach­ing Japan made its way into pri­vate vaults and the vaults of the Impe­r­ial Fam­ily, Tokyo’s strat­egy for the exploita­tion of South­east Asia was a fail­ure. It was also sab­o­taged by Over­seas Chi­nese, who con­trolled the region’s raw mate­ri­als, indus­tries, agri­cul­ture, smug­gling, and rack­ets. [Empha­sis added.] While they despised the Japan­ese for the rape of China, they hated them in par­tic­u­lar for bomb­ing Amoy, Swa­tow, and other har­bors along the China coast that were the ances­tral homes of their dialect groups. In the past, West­ern com­pa­nies had been suc­cess­ful in South­east Asia only when they found ways to work with the Over­seas Chi­nese. As Japan took over and tried to set up equiv­a­lent monop­o­lies of oil, sugar, rice, salt, and other com­modi­ties, whole sec­tors of local economies col­lapsed. Prices shot up, the sup­ply of goods came to a halt, and there was mas­sive unem­ploy­ment, famine, infla­tion and hoard­ing.”
(Gold War­riors; Ster­ling and Peggy Sea­graves; Copy­right 2003 by Ster­ling and Peggy Sea­grave; Verso Books [HC]; ISBN 1–85984-542–8; pp. 52–53.)

7. “In retal­i­a­tion, Over­seas Chi­nese became spe­cial tar­gets. Experts in ter­ror were sent to pun­ish them. Colonel Watan­abe Wataru spent ten years in North China devel­op­ing tech­niques, such as kid­nap­ping mem­bers of pros­per­ous Chi­nese fam­i­lies, ampu­tat­ing body parts start­ing with ears, noses, and fin­gers, then con­tin­u­ing to breasts and tes­ti­cles. He was espe­cially effec­tive when he threat­ened to cas­trate eldest sons. In this man­ner, Watan­abe was cred­ited with bring­ing in great quan­ti­ties of gold, gem­stones and art­works. In China, he had headed one of the Spe­cial Agen­cies (Tokumu Kikan) whose duties were espi­onage, counter-espionage, pro­pa­ganda, and fifth col­umn sub­ver­sion. Watan­abe was then given the job of ter­ror­iz­ing Malaya’s Over­seas Chi­nese. His tech­niques are well known from speeches he made and papers he drafted: ‘The Chi­nese . . . are prone to main­tain a false obe­di­ence, and they are as crafty as any­thing, and hard to con­trol. They ought to be dealt with unspar­ingly.’ To help, he enlisted cronies from his days in Manchuria. One was his old friend Colonel Tsuji Masanobu, a flam­boy­ant leader of the Total War cult, who had helped plan the Strike South and the Malaya cam­paign of Gen­eral Yamashita. Another was Takase Toru, who had served in China as an intel­li­gence offi­cer with Spe­cial Ser­vice Sec­tion Eight, and was an expert in ‘the Chi­nese prob­lem.’ [Empha­sis added. Note that the rhetoric used by the Japan­ese is sim­i­lar to that used by the Nazis, who rou­tinely referred to the ‘Jew­ish problem’—D.E.] Watan­abe described Takase as ‘a com­pli­cated char­ac­ter, con­ceited, quar­rel­some, aggres­sive,’ but his ruth­less­ness was exactly what was needed.” (Ibid.; p. 53.)

8. “Colonel Tsuji was Japan’s most ruth­less Spe­cial Ser­vice agent, com­bin­ing traits that made Goebbels, Hey­drich, and Sko­rzeny uniquely feared in the Nazi Party. Prior to the Strike South, Impe­r­ial Gen­eral Head­quar­ters issued to offi­cers a hand­book writ­ten by Tsuji, which makes repeated ref­er­ences to plun­der­ing the wealth of the ‘treasure-house of the Far East.’ The meth­ods he rec­om­mended were based on ter­ror. Com­pas­sion and sym­pa­thy were to be avoided. No longer could the Over­seas Chi­nese ‘indulge them­selves in a hedo­nis­tic and waste­ful way of life . . .\.’ Japan would force them ‘to account for their past mis­takes and to make them ready to give up their lives and prop­erty.’ Tsuji got everyone’s atten­tion with a hor­rific atroc­ity. By noon on Feb­ru­ary 21, 1942, all male Chi­nese on the island of Sin­ga­pore between age eigh­teen and fifty were assem­bled in five loca­tions. Each walked past a row of hooded inform­ers. When a hood nod­ded, that Chi­nese was con­demned to death, his skin stamped with a tri­an­gu­lar ink chop. Oth­ers were stamped with squares and released. A total of 70,699 Sin­ga­pore Chi­nese were taken off for tor­ture and killing. Mass exe­cu­tions lasted many days, with Tsuji watch­ing closely. Most were shot, bay­o­neted or beheaded, but 20,000 were roped together on barges and taken into the sea lanes off Sin­ga­pore, where they were forced over­board. Those who did not drown quickly were machine-gunned. This night­mare was called Sook Ching or eth­nic cleans­ing. Tsuji then extended Sook Ching to the whole Malay Penin­sula, where another 40,000 were slain, includ­ing women, school chil­dren, and babies. Sim­i­lar mass exe­cu­tions of Chi­nese hap­pened else­where.” (Ibid. pp. 53–54.)

9. “Colonel Watan­abe declared that Sin­ga­pore Chi­nese must atone to Emperor Hiro­hito to the sum of 50-million yen, as a gift on the emperor’s birth­day in April. This was equal to one fourth of the total cur­rency in cir­cu­la­tion in Malaya at the time. Takase was to col­lect the con­tri­bu­tions. Since nobody could pro­duce that much cash on short notice, Takase arranged a loan of 22-million yen from the Yoko­hama Specie Bank so the birth­day present did not fall short. Chi­nese were required to repay the loan (and inter­est) with gold bul­lion, hard for­eign cur­rency, or other tan­gi­ble assets.” (Ibid.; p. 54.)

10. Note that in Malaya, as else­where in occu­pied Asia, the Japan­ese zaibatsu prof­ited hand­somely from the plun­dered wealth, as well as the enslave­ment of allied POW’s and cit­i­zens of occu­pied coun­tries. [The zaibatsu were the giant, family-controlled con­glom­er­ates that dom­i­nate the Japan­ese eco­nomic land­scape to this day.] In eval­u­at­ing the his­tory of World War II and its after­math, it is essen­tial to under­stand that the giant Japan­ese eco­nomic enti­ties (like their Ger­man coun­ter­parts) were car­tel part­ners with the dom­i­nant cor­po­rate inter­ests in the United States. (For more about this rela­tion­ship, see—among other programs—FTR#’s 290, 426, 445, and Mis­cel­la­neous Archive Show M26, avail­able from Spit­fire.) “While Suma­tra had its Royal Dutch Shell oil­fields, Malaya was the great­est rubber-producing region in the world. Using scrip, Watan­abe bought up all rub­ber stocks for ship­ment to Japan. He then ordered all rub­ber estates and pro­cess­ing facil­i­ties sold to Japan’s zaibatsu con­glom­er­ates, again for scrip. The shock of his anti-Chinese reign of ter­ror brought results for a few weeks, but ulti­mately back­fired as the flow of rice, salt, and other com­modi­ties dwin­dled fur­ther. . . .” (Idem.)

11. Attracted (per­haps) by Mahathir’s obvi­ous anti-Semitism, a group of so-called “9/11 truth activists” met with the for­mer prime min­is­ter, in order to enlist his help. Worth not­ing is the fact that one of the activists was one Michael Collins Piper, a writer with the neo-Nazi Amer­i­can Free Press, the suc­ces­sor to the Spot­light mag­a­zine. The fas­cist Lib­erty Lobby, headed by Willis Carto, pub­lishes both. Piper authored a book blam­ing the assas­si­na­tion of Pres­i­dent Kennedy on—you guessed it—the Jews. Piper may well be attempt­ing to reca­pit­u­late the fas­cist chap­ter of Malaysia’s past. “A group of con­cerned Amer­i­cans and their sym­pa­thiz­ers has sought the sup­port of for­mer prime min­is­ter Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad in their effort to push for an inter­na­tional inves­ti­ga­tion into the Sept 11, 2001 (9–11) tragedy. Rep­re­sen­ta­tives of the group, includ­ing a sur­vivor of the attacks on the World Trade Cen­ter (WTC) in New York, met Dr Mahathir here Mon­day with a claim that the offi­cial ver­sion of what tran­spired on that day was far from the truth. ‘We want him (Dr. Mahathir who is chair­man of Per­dana Global Peace Orga­ni­za­tion) to help us set up an inter­na­tional com­mis­sion to reopen the inves­ti­ga­tion,’ said Jimmy Wal­ter who has brought together indi­vid­u­als under the Reopen 911 orga­ni­za­tion ded­i­cated to open­ing a real inves­ti­ga­tion into the tragic attacks. Join­ing him today were Amer­i­can Free Press jour­nal­ist Michael Collins Piper, Yvonne Rid­ley who is the polit­i­cal edi­tor of Islam Chan­nel United King­dom and William Rodriguez — the last man to run out of the WTC before it col­lapsed. . . .”
(“Jimmy Wal­ter, Rodriguez, Piper Meet With Mahathir Mohamad: Group Seeks Dr Mahathir’s Assis­tance To Reopen 9–11 Inves­ti­ga­tion” [Bernama–The Malaysian National News Ser­vice]; 6/12/2006.)

12. Dur­ing the lat­ter years of World War II, Haj Amin al-Husseini—SS offi­cer, geno­cidist and the first leader of the Pales­tin­ian national movement—did pro­pa­ganda broad­casts for the Japan­ese to Asian coun­tries that had large Mus­lim pop­u­la­tions. These coun­tries included Malaya and the Grand Mufti’s broad­casts were sup­port­ive of the Sook Ching mas­sacres. Just like Mahathir after him, the Grand Mufti was in the habit of throw­ing the Mus­lim major­ity some “rhetor­i­cal red meat.” For more about the Grand Mufti, use the search func­tion on the main page of this web­site. FTR#’s 414, 456 are par­tic­u­larly use­ful. Mr. Emory’s source for the Grand Mufti’s work on behalf of he Japan­ese is Spies and Trai­tors of World War II, a 1947 vol­ume by Kurt D. Singer. His copy of the book is cur­rently in stor­age. A dili­gent Inter­net search should yield infor­ma­tion about the Grand Mufti and the Japanese.

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