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FTR #622 More about the Nazi Origins of Islamic Fascism

Record­ed Jan­u­ary 27, 2008
MP3: Side 1 [1] | Side 2 [2]
REALAUDIO [3]

Flesh­ing out the grow­ing For The Record archives about Islam­ic fas­cism, this pro­gram sets forth the explic­it­ly Nazi ori­gins of the vir­u­lent anti-Semi­tism dom­i­nat­ing much of the Islam­ic world. Although the Koran pro­vides a foun­da­tion for Mus­lim anti-Semi­tism, the notion of Jews as a world dom­i­nat­ing, sin­is­ter pow­er elite has its ori­gins with the Third Reich’s effec­tive liai­son with the Arab and Mus­lim worlds. Work­ing with the fas­cist Mus­lim Broth­er­hood and Haj Amin el-Hus­sei­ni (the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem), the Third Reich suc­cess­ful­ly pro­mul­gat­ed the Euro­pean brand of anti-Semi­tism among Arabs and Mus­lims. In addi­tion to direct pay­ments to the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood, the Third Reich estab­lished a radio sta­tion at Zeesen, that suc­cess­ful­ly indoc­tri­nat­ed a gen­er­a­tion of Mus­lim cler­ics and activists with the world­view pro­mul­gat­ed in the Pro­to­cols of the Elders of Zion [4]. Hav­ing arisen at the same time as Nazism, the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood por­trayed humanity’s ills as stem­ming from a world­wide Jew­ish con­spir­a­cy, and this stance was rein­forced by the Nazi radio ser­vice. The suc­cess of the Third Reich in both its above ground and under­ground phas­es has laid the ground­work for a vir­u­lent Islam­ic anti-Semi­tism, the suc­cess of which can be mea­sured by a recent Lon­don Times poll that found that 46% of British Mus­lims felt that Jews were con­spir­ing with Freema­sons to con­trol the media and pol­i­tics. More than a third of British Mus­lims felt that Jews in Britain con­sti­tut­ed an appro­pri­ate tar­get for vio­lent attacks!

Pro­gram High­lights Include: The influ­ence of the Radio Zeesen ser­vice on the young Ruhol­lah Khome­i­ni, who led the Islam­ic rev­o­lu­tion in Iran; the influ­ence of the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood on Khome­i­ni; the Mus­lim Brotherhood’s mint­ing of sui­ci­dal jihadism; the active cen­sor­ship with­in insti­tu­tions of high­er learn­ing that is brought to bear against any­one will­ing to con­front, ana­lyze and crit­i­cize Islam­ic anti-Semi­tism.

1. Among the many dis­turb­ing points of infor­ma­tion in this lec­ture is the fact that more than a third of British Mus­lims polled felt that British Jews rep­re­sent­ed legit­i­mate tar­gets for attacks! Almost half felt that Jews were active­ly con­spir­ing with Freema­sons to con­trol the media and pol­i­tics. This view­point is a direct inher­i­tance of Nazi ide­ol­o­gy and reflects the Nazi activism with­in the Mus­lim com­mu­ni­ty before, dur­ing and after World War II. (Among the pro­grams that high­light this ide­o­log­i­cal evo­lu­tion is FTR#601 [5], which presents the Hamas char­ter. Hamas is an off­shoot of the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood.) “ . . .Final­ly, an opin­ion poll of 2006—according to the [Lon­don] Times—‘revealed that a hor­ri­fy­ing 37 per cent of Mus­lims polled believed that the Jew­ish com­mu­ni­ty in Britain was a legit­i­mate tar­get; and no few­er than 46% thought the Jew­ish com­mu­ni­ty was in league with Freema­sons to con­trol the media and pol­i­tics. . . “
(“Hitler’s Lega­cy: Islam­ic Anti­semitism in the Mid­dle East” by Matthias Kuntzel; A lec­ture giv­en at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Leeds.)

2. Of pri­ma­ry impor­tance in Kuentzel’s analy­sis is the Islam­o­fas­cist Mus­lim Broth­er­hood, whose leader Has­san al-Ban­na mint­ed the sui­ci­dal genre of jihadist atti­tude. (For more about the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood, see—among oth­er programs—FTR#’s 343 [6], 455 [7], 473 [8], 537 [9].) “ . . . This is shown by the exam­ple of She­hzad Ten­weer. With his ‘We love death the way you love life’ he was plac­ing him­self in the direct tra­di­tion of Has­san al-Ban­na, who found­ed the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood in 1928. Ten years lat­er, in 1938, Has­san al-Ban­na pub­lished his con­cept of jihad in an arti­cle enti­tled ‘The Indus­try of Death’ which was to become famous. Here, the term ‘Indus­try of Death’ denotes not some­thing hor­ri­ble but an ide­al. Al-Ban­na wrote: ‘Only to a nation that per­fects the indus­try of death and which knows how to die nobly, God gives proud life in this world and eter­nal grace in the life to come.’ This slo­gan was enthu­si­as­ti­cal­ly tak­en up by the ‘Troops of God,’ as the Mus­lim Broth­ers called them­selves. As their bat­tal­ions marched down Cairo’s boule­vards in semi-fas­cist for­ma­tion they would burst into song: ‘We are not afraid of death, we desire it. . . . Let us die to redeem the Mus­lims!’ . . .” (Idem.)

3. Next, Kuentzel presents the ori­gin of Islam­ic anti-Semi­tism. Between the two world wars, the Grand Mufti launched a num­ber of anti-Semit­ic pogroms in the British pro­tec­torate of Pales­tine. Even­tu­al­ly ele­vat­ed to the rank of gen­er­al in the Waf­fen SS, the Grand Mufti was the first leader of the Pales­tin­ian nation­al move­ment. (For more about the Grand Mufti, see—among oth­er programs—FTR#’s 354 [10], 414 [11], 416 [12].) The anti-Semit­ic stance was jus­ti­fied as fol­low­ing an exam­ple set by Mohammed, who expelled two Jew­ish tribes from Med­i­na and exter­mi­nat­ed anoth­er Jew­ish tribe. “ . . . The start­ing shot for this cam­paign, which estab­lished the Broth­er­hood as an anti­se­mit­ic mass move­ment, was fired by a rebel­lion in Pales­tine direct­ed against Jew­ish immi­gra­tion and ini­ti­at­ed by the noto­ri­ous Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Amin al-Hus­sei­ni. The Broth­er­hood orga­nized mass demon­stra­tions in Egypt­ian cities under the slo­gans ‘Down With the Jews!’ and ‘Jews Get Out of Egypt and Pales­tine!’ Their Jew-hatred drew on the one hand on Islam­ic sources. First, Islamists con­sid­ered, and still con­sid­er, Pales­tine an Islam­ic ter­ri­to­ry, Dar al-Islam, where Jews must not run a sin­gle vil­lage, let alone a state. Sec­ond, Islamists jus­ti­fy their aspi­ra­tion to elim­i­nate the Jews of Pales­tine by invok­ing the exam­ple of Muham­mad, who in the 7th cen­tu­ry not only expelled two Jew­ish tribes from Med­i­na, but also behead­ed the entire male pop­u­la­tion of a third Jew­ish tribe, before pro­ceed­ing to sell all the women and chil­dren into slav­ery. Third, they find sup­port and encour­age­ment for their actions and plans in the Koran­ic dic­tum that Jews are to be con­sid­ered the worst ene­my of the believ­ers. . . .” (Idem.)

4. In an attempt to seize the Mid­dle East and its petro­le­um resources, the Third Reich uti­lized the Islam­ic fas­cists, tak­ing full advan­tage of the anti-Semi­tism that they both held in com­mon. “ . . . Their Jew-hatred was also inspired by Nazi influ­ences: Leaflets called for a boy­cott of Jew­ish goods and Jew­ish shops, and the Broth­er­hood’s news­pa­per, al-Nad­hir, car­ried a reg­u­lar col­umn on ‘The Dan­ger of the Jews of Egypt,’ which pub­lished the names and address­es of Jew­ish busi­ness­men and alleged­ly Jew­ish news­pa­per pub­lish­ers all over the world, attribut­ing every evil, from com­mu­nism to broth­els, to the ‘Jew­ish dan­ger.’ The Broth­er­hood’s cam­paign used not only Nazi-like pat­terns of action and slo­gans but also Ger­man fund­ing. As the his­to­ri­an Bryn­jar Lia recounts in his mono­graph on the Broth­er­hood, ‘Doc­u­ments seized in the flat of Wil­helm Stell­bo­gen, the Direc­tor of the Ger­man News Agency affil­i­at­ed to the Ger­man Lega­tion in Cairo, show that pri­or to Octo­ber 1939 the Mus­lim Broth­ers received sub­si­dies from this orga­ni­za­tion. Stell­bo­gen was instru­men­tal in trans­fer­ring these funds to the Broth­ers, which were con­sid­er­ably larg­er than the sub­si­dies offered to oth­er anti-British activists. These trans­fers appear to have been coor­di­nat­ed by Hajj Amin al-Hus­sei­ni and some of his Pales­tin­ian con­tacts in Cairo.’” (Idem.)

5. The Nazis uti­lized a broad­cast outlet—Radio Zeesen—to suc­cess­ful­ly ampli­fy their pro­pa­gan­da direct­ed at the world’s Mus­lim pop­u­la­tion: “ . . . A cen­tral role in the pro­pa­gan­da offen­sive was played by a Nazi wire­less sta­tion, now almost total­ly for­got­ten. Since the 1936 Berlin Olympics a vil­lage called Zeesen, locat­ed to the south of Berlin, had been home to what was at the time the world’s most pow­er­ful short-wave radio trans­mit­ter. Between April 1939 and April 1945, Radio Zeesen reached out to the illit­er­ate Mus­lim mass­es through dai­ly Ara­bic pro­grammes, which also went out in Per­sian and Turk­ish. At that time lis­ten­ing to the radio in the Arab world took place pri­mar­i­ly in pub­lic squares or bazaars and cof­fee hous­es. No oth­er sta­tion was more pop­u­lar than this Nazi Zeesen ser­vice, which skil­ful­ly min­gled anti­se­mit­ic pro­pa­gan­da with quo­ta­tions from the Koran and Ara­bic music. The Sec­ond World War allies were pre­sent­ed as lack­eys of the Jews and the pic­ture of the ‘Unit­ed Jew­ish Nations’ drummed into the audi­ence. At the same time, the Jews were attacked as the worst ene­mies of Islam: ‘The Jew since the time of Muham­mad has nev­er been a friend of the Mus­lim, the Jew is the ene­my and it pleas­es Allah to kill him’.Since 1941,  Zeesen’s Ara­bic pro­gram­ming had been direct­ed by the Mufti of Jerusalem who had emi­grat­ed to Berlin. The Mufti’s aim was to ‘unite all the Arab lands in a com­mon hatred of the British and Jews’, as he wrote in a let­ter to Adolf Hitler. Anti­semitism, based on the notion of a Jew­ish world con­spir­a­cy, how­ev­er, was not root­ed in Islam­ic tra­di­tion but, rather, in Euro­pean ide­o­log­i­cal mod­els. The Mufti there­fore seized on the only instru­ment that real­ly moved the Arab mass­es: Islam. He invent­ed a new form of Jew-hatred by recast­ing it in an Islam­ic mould. He was the first to trans­late Chris­t­ian anti­semitism into Islam­ic lan­guage, thus cre­at­ing an ‘Islam­ic anti­semitism’. His first His first major man­i­festo bore the title ‘Islam-Judaism. Appeal of the Grand Mufti to the Islam­ic World in the Year 1937’. This 31-page pam­phlet reached the entire Arab world and there are indi­ca­tions that Nazi agents helped draw it up. Let me quote at least a short pas­sage from it: ‘The strug­gle between the Jews and Islam began when Muham­mad fled from Mec­ca to Med­i­na… The Jew­ish meth­ods were, even in those days, the same as now. As always, their weapon was slan­der… They said that Muham­mad was a swindler… they began to ask Muham­mad sense­less and insol­u­ble ques­tions… and they endeav­ored to destroy the Mus­lims… If the Jews could betray Muham­mad in this way, how will they betray Mus­lims today? The vers­es from the Koran and Hadith prove to you that the Jews were the fiercest oppo­nents of Islam and are still try­ing to destroy it.’ . . .” (Idem.)

6. Among those influ­enced by Radio Zeesen was the young Ruhol­lah Khome­i­ni, lat­er the leader of the Islam­ic fun­da­men­tal­ist rev­o­lu­tion in Iran. “ . . . Radio Zeesen was a suc­cess not only in Cairo; it made an impact in Tehran as well. One of its reg­u­lar lis­ten­ers was a cer­tain Ruhol­lah Khome­i­ni. When in the win­ter of 1938 the 36-year-old Khome­i­ni returned to the Iran­ian city of Qom from Iraq he ‘had brought with him a radio receiv­er set made by the British com­pa­ny Pye ... The radio proved a good buy… Many mul­lahs would gath­er at his home, often on the ter­race, in the evenings to lis­ten to Radio Berlin and the BBC’, writes his biog­ra­ph­er Amir Taheri. Even the Ger­man con­sulate in Tehran was sur­prised by the suc­cess of this pro­pa­gan­da. ‘Through­out the coun­try spir­i­tu­al lead­ers are com­ing out and say­ing ‘that the twelfth Imam has been sent into the world by God in the form of Adolf Hitler’’ we learn from a report to Berlin in Feb­ru­ary 1941. . . .” (Idem.)

7. Khome­i­ni was men­tored by the head of a Mus­lim Broth­er­hood affil­i­ate called the Devo­tees of Islam. As dis­cussed in FTR# 352 [13], Khomeini’s exile in France pri­or to assum­ing pow­er was financed by Fran­cois Genoud, one of the most impor­tant fig­ures in the post­war Under­ground Reich. (For more about Genoud, see—among oth­er programs—FTR#453 [14].) “ . . . The regime of the aya­tol­lahs in Iran grew out of a secret soci­ety called the Devo­tees of Islam, a Broth­er­hood affil­i­ate whose leader in the 1950s was the men­tor of Aya­tol­lah Runol­lah Khome­i­ni. . . .”
(“Cold War, Holy War­rior” by Robert Drey­fuss; Moth­er Jones; January/February/2006.) [15]

8. Among the more grotesque phe­nom­e­na to be found on the con­tem­po­rary polit­i­cal land­scape is the cozi­ness of ele­ments of the so-called pro­gres­sive sec­tor with these out­right Islam­ic fas­cists. Left­ist lumi­nary Noam Chom­sky is among those cozy­ing up to these Mus­lim Nazis. It is said that a pic­ture is worth a thou­sand words. Check out this pic­ture of Hezbol­lah youth [16]—the first frame of this Time Mag­a­zine pho­to essay is worth more than a thou­sand words. THIS is what Chom­sky, Paci­fi­ca Radio’s Amy Good­man and oth­ers of their ilk cel­e­brate. “ . . . The naivety or mal­ice with which the polit­i­cal left has nev­er­the­less yield­ed to the siren songs of Islamism is there­fore fright­en­ing. Thus, in May 2006 Noam Chom­sky met the leader of Hezbol­lah, Has­san Nas­ral­lah, and defend­ed and praised Hezbollah’s insis­tence on keep­ing its arms, in defi­ance of Unit­ed Nations deci­sions; Tariq Ramadan, an elo­quent Islamist, has been giv­en star treat­ment at Euro­pean anti-glob­al­iza­tion events; the Mus­lim Brotherhood’s TV preach­er, Sheikh Qaradawi gets invi­ta­tions from the left-wing May­or of Lon­don, Ken Liv­ing­stone; while the Social­ist Work­ers Par­ty have made the strate­gic deci­sion to ally with a British off­shoot of the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood – the Mus­lim Asso­ci­a­tion of Britain – in build­ing the Stop the War Coali­tion. Last sum­mer thou­sands of peo­ple were mobilised by this alliance to march through cen­tral Lon­don chant­i­ng ‘we are all Hezbol­lah now’.” (Idem.)

9. Among the deeply alarm­ing aspects of Islam­ic anti-Semi­tism and fas­cism is the fact that Islamists and their sup­port groups in the so-called pro­gres­sive sec­tor have suc­cess­ful­ly pres­sured those insti­tu­tions that offered open forums for dis­cus­sion of these issues. Thinkers such as Kuentzel have been active­ly denied their right to free speech by the very insti­tu­tions that empha­size free speech as a para­mount ide­al. “ . . . Many Euro­peans assume that to draw atten­tion to Islam­ic anti­semitism is to play into the hands of racists. In Britain, mul­ti­cul­tur­al­ism has been the offi­cial civic reli­gion for so long that any crit­i­cism of any minor­i­ty group seems to have become the equiv­a­lent of pro­fan­i­ty. Obvi­ous­ly, racism, dis­crim­i­nat­ing against peo­ple on the grounds of their ori­gin or skin colour, must be com­bat­ed. You can’t be, how­ev­er, mul­ti­cul­tur­al and preach mur­der­ous loathing of Jews. In my opin­ion, we mustn’t defend Jew-hatred on spu­ri­ous ‘anti-racist’ grounds; we should rather dis­tin­guish between anti­semites and non-anti­semites with­in the Mus­lim com­mu­ni­ties. We mustn’t advo­cate a crude ‘top’ and ‘bot­tom’ dichoto­my, in which the anti­semitism of peo­ple from Mus­lim coun­tries is excused as a kind of ‘anti-impe­ri­al­ism of fools’. We should rather insist that the strug­gle against dis­crim­i­na­tion is a uni­ver­sal one. 3. Islam­ic anti­semitism is a taboo sub­ject even in some parts of acad­e­mia: a sto­ry of intel­lec­tu­al betray­al and the cor­rupt­ing influ­ence of polit­i­cal com­mit­ment. Pro­fes­sor Pieter von der Horst from the Uni­ver­si­ty of Utrecht in the Nether­lands found this out when he pro­posed to give a lec­ture on the top­ic of the anti-Jew­ish blood libel. The head of the uni­ver­si­ty asked him to excise the sec­tion of his lec­ture deal­ing with Islam­ic anti­semitism. When he refused to do so, he was invit­ed to appear before a pan­el of four pro­fes­sors who insist­ed he remove these pas­sages. A lec­ture on Islam­ic anti­semitism, so the argu­ment went, might lead to vio­lent reac­tions from well-orga­nized Mus­lim stu­dent groups. Sim­i­lar things have hap­pened to me. When in April 2003 I was invit­ed by Yale Uni­ver­si­ty as keynote speak­er on the top­ic of ‘Islam­ic Ter­ror­ism and Anti­semitism: The Mis­sion against Moder­ni­ty’, there was such an out­pour­ing of protest that the orga­niz­ers changed the pro­gramme. The orig­i­nal title of one of the pan­els — ‘Islam­ic Jihad. A Case of Glob­al Non-State Ter­ror­ism’ – was changed to ‘Glob­al, Non-State Ter­ror­ism’. In addi­tion a speak­er was added to the podi­um whose sole qual­i­fi­ca­tion was that of being Pres­i­dent of the local ‘Pales­tine Right to Return Coali­tion’. At least I was able to give my talk. Not so in March 2007 at this Uni­ver­si­ty. Here too the term ‘Islam­ic anti­semitism’ stymied what should have been a live­ly debate already in March. Fol­low­ing e‑mail protests by some Mus­lim stu­dents, my lec­ture title ‘Hitler’s Lega­cy: Islam­ic anti­semitism in the Mid­dle East’ was changed to ‘The Nazi Lega­cy: Export of Anti­semitism into the Mid­dle East’. This proved to be a futile seman­tic ges­ture: On the day of my arrival in Leeds, the Uni­ver­si­ty admin­is­tra­tion can­celed my talk ‘on secu­ri­ty grounds’. No one, includ­ing the Mus­lim stu­dents, had threat­ened vio­lence. As before in Utrecht, free­dom of speech was sus­pend­ed – in my opin­ion — by an act of pre-emp­tive self-cen­sor­ship. Both uni­ver­si­ty admin­is­tra­tions prob­a­bly believed they were meet­ing the wish­es of their numer­ous Mus­lim stu­dents in sus­pend­ing a lec­ture about Islam­ic anti­semitism.” (Idem.)

10. Two video pro­duc­tions are being gen­er­at­ed by a cou­ple of doc­u­men­tary film­mak­ers. One is a DVD of a three-lec­ture series called “The First Refuge of a Scoundrel: The Rela­tion­ship Between Fas­cism and Reli­gion [17].” In addi­tion, there will soon be a doc­u­men­tary about Mr. Emory, titled “The Anti-Fas­cist.” For more about this project, vis­it TheAntiFascist.com [18].