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FTR #700 Deutschland Über Alles

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Introduction: With the end of the Cold War, much of Europe realigned in accordance with the geopolitical goals of the Third Reich–Germany reunited, the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia fragmented, the latter two along the paradigm instituted by Axis occupation forces during the Second World War. Germany is supporting drives to split up existing EU members, promoting the “independence” of ethnic groups within those countries.

In addition, other EU members–France in particular–are adopting German revisionist views of the Second World War.

Beginning with discussion of the observation of the end of World War I [4], the broadcast notes this fundamental revision of history. The Paris observation was highlighted by [French] president Sarkozy’s historical revision of the Versailles Treaty. Long blamed for the rise of Nazism by German revisionists, the Versailles Treaty is now cited by Sarkozy as a cause of WWII and the rise of the Third Reich.

Signifying the triumph of revisionist history of the twentieth century is the observation of November 9th as a day of national mourning for the fallen in Germany. That date is also the anniversary of Hitler’s Beerhall Putsch in 1923 and Die Krystallnacht in 1938.

Next, the program delineates German maneuvering to control the European Union [5]. The Federal Republic is pressuring the EU to grant the posts of Council President and Foreign Minister to Germany.

Ultimately, Germany seeks to dominate the EU’s External Action Service, which will handle interface with the rest of the world, in effect becoming the “Foreign Office” of the union.

One of Germany’s major foreign policy goals vis a vis the EU is to diminish or marginalize the British conservative influence [6]. Germany sees the United Kingdom’s Labor Party as a friendlier, less “EU skeptic” entity with which to work.

Among the foreign policy goals German interests are pursuing and that would be poorly received by the Tories is the creation of a “Greater Germany” that would include Austria [7]!

Further developing pan-German goals for the geographical restructuring of Europe, the broadcast highlights plans to effect the secession of the North Tyrol from Italy, reuniting it with Austria. [8] The Freedom Party of Austria–founded as a vehicle for the political rehabilitation of Austrian Nazis who had served the Third Reich and headed (until his death) by Jorg Haider– has been a major agitator on behalf of this goal.

In addition, Germany and its Green and European Free Alliance allies have been pushing for the secession of Catalonia from Spain. [9]

Program Highlights Include: Review of fascist connections of the Green Party; German plans for an all-EU army; discussion of the Habsburg dynasty and the prospective recapitulation of some of its ethnic and geopolitical features; review of the UNPO; review of attempts to fragment the United States; speculation about the role of the newly “independent” ethnic groups as prospective voting allies of Germany within an expanded EU.

1. Beginning with discussion of the observation of the end of World War I, the broadcast notes the fundamental revision of history underway in Europe. In addition to downplaying the substance of the conflict, making victors and vanquished co-equal, the Paris observation was highlighted by [French] president Sarkozy’s historical revision of the Versailles Treaty. Long blamed for the rise of Nazism by German revisionists, the Versailles Treaty is now cited by Sarkozy as a cause of WWII and the rise of the Third Reich.

The French compliance with German historical revisionism is not surprising, given the fact that–as we saw in FTR #305 [10], among other programs–the economic occupation of France by the Bormann capital network [11] never ended, affording Germany de facto political control of that nation.

Signifying the triumph of revisionist history of the twentieth century is the observation of November 9th as a day of national mourning for the fallen in Germany. That date is also: the anniversary of Hitler’s Beerhall Putsch in 1923 and Die Krystallnacht in 1938. In the Nazi tract The Turner Diaries, the date November 9th is celebrated as “Martyr’s Day [12],” a day of commemoration of those who gave their lives in the service of Nazism.

At the end of this past week, the establishment in Berlin was reviewing with great satisfaction a week that brought several victories for its partisan interpretation of history. According to observers, the German Chancellor’s participation in the commemoration ceremonies of the Armistice ending the First World War in Paris was “a priceless political act”. The transformation of the memory of the victory over the German aggressors into a memorial, leveling for the victims “on both sides” of the war, was accompanied by the type of criticism of the Versailles Treaty of 1919, that is usually heard mainly from German revisionists. Berlin’s celebration of a “Festival of the Germans” on Nov. 9, the day of the commemoration of the Nazi Pogrom Night in 1938, is an “affront to the Jewish victims,” one that would not have been fathomable just a few years earlier, is a statement that was met with applause. “Making policy with history is staking a claim on spiritual leadership” is the way the press summed up the fact that the German interpretation of history is being imposed on the other European nations. This Sunday, Berlin will close the current memorial week with the annual commemoration of the German soldiers killed in battle (“Volkstrauertag” National Day of Mourning). As usual, also German war criminals will be honored at the ceremonies.

Equally for Both Sides

Berlin considers the historical political mega events, drawing to a close at the end of the week, a considerable success. Following the festivities in memory of the opening of the Berlin Wall, it was above all the Chancellor’s participation in the celebrations in Paris for the anniversary of the Armistice of 1918 that the press considers “a priceless political act”.[1] The ceremony that since 1920 had been dedicated to the memory of France’s victory over the German aggressors, was transformed by French President Nicolas Sarkozy into a memorial for the war dead on both sides. “On this November 11, we are not celebrating the victory of one people over another, but rather remembering a test of fate that had been equally horrible for both sides,” the president said.[2] Until now this version, placing aggressors and defenders at the same level, was principally found in Germany. Sarkozy has reaped enormous protest in France. As mentioned by the British press, a few war veterans voiced uneasiness at hearing the German anthem and seeing German uniforms at the Arc de Triomphe,[3] where they had not been heard and seen since the German invasions of France.

Admission

Ministers and parliamentarians in Paris have announced that a repetition of this ceremony will not be tolerated. But President Sarkozy was applauded in Germany. The “‘modernization’ of the understanding of history” is “essential” for the relations between Berlin and Paris, explains the daily Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. Concerning Sarkozy’s modification of the Armistice celebrations, the journal, which is solidly anchored in the German establishment, concludes with gratitude that “admissions that earlier triumphs were mistakes, are particularly high steps.”[4] As the French press rather ostentatiously noted, the memorial ceremonies include a clear criticism of the Versailles Treaty of 1919. For example, the German chancellor did not lay flowers at the statue of Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau, who in France is known as the “Father of the Victory” over the German aggressors and had been decisive in the formulation of the Versailles Peace Treaty. Sarkozy readily accepted these gestures. “In 1918,” he said, Paris “had not understood” how to bring about true peace, “not only because the victors lacked generosity, but also because they refused to acknowledge how they were bound to the tragic fate of the vanquished.”[5] The point of view that the Versailles Peace Treaty was unjust and had contributed to a radicalization of German politics that led to handing power over to the Nazis, had been a point of view held mainly by German revisionists, but is now taking up more space in the German mass media.[6]

Shift of Accents

The November 9, celebrations in Berlin had also been applauded. According to the daily Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, this year’s anniversary of the opening of the Berlin Wall has “conquered a status” that, until now “had been avoided.” The daily writes: “in accord with conventions of the now expired 20th Century, November 9 could not, was not even permitted to become the celebration of the Germans.” “Even fifty years later, no one would have dared to commit such an affront to the Jewish victims of the Nazi Pogrom Night that took place on the same day on the calendar in 1938 – neither in reference to the population at home nor public opinion abroad.”[7] In fact, in the second half of the 90s, when neo-Nazis used the commemoration of the Nazi Pogrom Night to stage a public commemoration of the opening of the Berlin Wall it was considered a violation of a taboo.[8] “Twenty years later, the accents have shifted” continued the Frankfurter Allgemeine and concluded “making policy with history is staking a claim on spiritual leadership, coupled with the will to take political action.” The journal points out that the presence of numerous officials representing their countries at the festivities, showed reverence to Berlin’s partisan interpretation of history.[9]

Hegemony

The “Volkstrauertag” (the National Day of Mourning) ends the current memorial week, which has brought Berlin significant inroads in imposing its partisan interpretation of history. Sunday afternoon, the German state-run “First Television Channel,” will make a live broadcast of the central memorial service from the German Reichstag, with the German president as keynote speaker. President Horst Koehler will commemorate all those who died in the wars of the Federal Republic of Germany and of its legal predecessors, including war criminals.[10] Also among the war dead being honored Sunday are the many German soldiers who lost their lives in 1914 when they invaded France. The fact that the German plans of occupation could be warded off, at the time, was no longer the focal point of festivities in Paris last weekend. On the other hand, tomorrow, Saturday, a preparatory “International Memorial Service” will be held in Berlin, which will set the mood for Sunday’s National Day of Mourning, bringing together representatives from about 30 nations – under the leadership of the German War Graves Commission, which will also preside at Sunday’s memorial services in the Reichstag. Step by step Germany’s political predominance in Europe is being also imposed through its hegemony over the interpretation of history.

[1] Novembertage; Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung 12.11.2009
[2] Le discours du président Sarkozy à l’Arc de Triomphe; Le Monde 12.11.2009
[3] Merkel and Sarkozy improve diplomatic relations on Armistice Day; The Times 12.11.2009
[4] Novembertage; Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung 12.11.2009
[5] La France et l’Allemagne célèbrent le 11-Novembre, devenu un “jour de paix”; Le Monde 12.11.2009
[6] see also Unbearably Harsh and Unjust
[7] Novembertage; Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung 12.11.2009
[8] Erneuter Naziaufmarsch in Marburg; Antifaschistische Nachrichten 24/1997
[9] Novembertage; Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung 12.11.2009. In spite of it all, the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung sounds a note of caution concerning the festivities around November 9. The chancellor will “have to make clear that protests and demonstrations can point to problems and solutions – ‘we are one people’.” But the journal hints that, in the future, the illusion should be avoided that the population’s repetition of protests could create serious problems for the federal government. In future commemorations of the opening of the Berlin Wall, it should be made clear that “responsible governments are the only ones that can regulate the suggested solutions or demands and apply them on a long-term basis.”
[10] see also Staatsoberhaupt ehrt deutsche Aggressoren, Wehrpropaganda, Gruften der Täter, Heldengedenken, Das große Gleichmachen and Hintergrundbericht: Der Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge

“History in the Making”; german-foreign-policy.com; 11/13/2009. [4]

2. Next, the program delineates German maneuvering to control the European Union. The Federal Republic is pressuring the EU to grant the posts of Council President and Foreign Minister to Germany.

Ultimately, Germany seeks to dominate the EU’s External Action Service, which will handle interface with the rest of the world, in effect becoming the “Foreign Office” of the union.

Germany’s plans for an all-European army are moving forward.

Just a few days before the future leading positions for the EU are to be designated, Berlin is raising demands for access to leading posts in the European External Action Service (EEAS)and the EU Commission. As explained by the German Minister of State to the Foreign Ministry, Werner Hoyer, the EU Council President and the Foreign Minister do not have to be German, but Germany “lays great weight” on “relevantly participating” at the administrative level positions just below them, which are considered decisively influential on Brussels’ policies. Berlin is giving the new External Action Service a particularly high priority, since it consolidates the EU’s external policy and is supposed to provide Brussels with new global power impact. German policy advisors consider that the EU has the “potential of a world power” but point out that this potential must first be established through Brussels’ external policy. It was under German pressure that the decision was made to place the EU’s military planning and operation staff within the responsibility of the External Action Service, to be able to directly incorporate military operations into EU external policy. In the meantime, the German project of creating an EU army is winning favor. Last weekend the Italian Foreign Minister gave his accord.

Just a few days before the EU Special Summit on Thursday, wrangling persists over who will be given Brussels’ two key functions. Several prominent politicians are campaigning for the posts of Council President and Foreign Minister. It is said that a decision will be made soon. The government leaders of the Benelux countries are said to have good chances. The president of the German Bundestag, Norbert Lammert (CDU) has spoken out in favor of Luxemburg’s Prime Minister, Jean-Claude Juncker. In the EU, Juncker is not known for obstructing German political projects. Belgium’s prime minister is considered a possible compromise candidate, since, unlike Luxemburg, his country is not under such strong German influence. A candidate from Austria would be particularly convenient for Germany. For years, Austria has willingly been ready to support Berlin’s foreign policy projects. But above all, the German government seeks to avoid having an official from Great Britain, who could thwart German projects.

Top Posts
As the German Foreign Ministry’s Minister of State, Werner Hoyer, explained Monday, Berlin is demanding two things in return for Germany’s renunciation on claims to the two top posts: Chancellor Merkel should have decisive influence over the decisions and secondly, Germany “lays great weight” on “relevantly participating” at administrative level positions just below the council president and the foreign minister.[1] These positions, whose officials, usually far from the public eye, can shape the EU’s development, are considered to be decisively powerful. The general secretary of the European Council will be among the positions that will be determined. It is the general secretary, who is the highest administrative head of the EU nations in Brussels. In the meantime, the German chancellor has made it known that she insists for Germany the post of EU Commissioner for Economic and Monetary Affairs – a great advantage for Europe’s strongest industrial nation. After all, Berlin is seeking the leading posts in the newly created European External Action Service (EEAS), which, within the framework of EU external policy is extremely important.

External Action Service
German EU functionaries and political advisors are insistently pleading for giving the European External Action Service special attention. As Gerhard Sabathil, the director for strategy, coordination and analysis in the EU’s Commission’s general direction for external relations, declared the EU must be more decisive in its handling of world policy. Sabathil points to the replacement of the “G8” by the “G20”, which has dramatically changed the global position of Europe. Whereas Europe was represented by 4 nations in G8, it has only 5 in G20. “The decisive question is to what extent can Europe compensate for this quantitative loss of power,” Sabathil is quoted as having said.[2] It is “absolutely essential” that the EU’s influence be reinforced with a cohesive external and military policy. The effectiveness of the EU’s External Action Service will not only depend on its foreign minister but also the personnel at the highest levels of administration. This is the level Berlin wants to have direct access to.

Merge
It is quite possible to achieve substantial global political power, according to Werner Weidenfeld, one of the most influential German political advisors. Even though the EU’s global involvement currently is rather rudimentary, Weidenfeld writes in a recent article, “Europe has the potential of a world power – it has top positions in global commerce, in global production as well as in research and education.” Weidenfels resumes, “this potential (…) only needs adequate organization”.[3] The set-up of the European External Action Service, due to start work in April 2010, is serving this objective, as well as the incorporation of all military planning and operational staff into the EEAS, that Berlin imposed against the will of Paris and London.[4] The EU’s military operations and external policy planning will merge rendering consultations between the different branches of the bureaucracy superfluous.[5]

EU Army
The German call for a joint European Army (german-foreign-policy.com reported [6]), is gaining support. Last weekend, the Italian Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini, announced that his government will push for the creation of a European army, as soon as the Lisbon Treaty comes into force on December 1. If there were such a European army, “we could pool our forces in Afghanistan,” Mr. Frattini declared: “Italy could send planes, France could send tanks, Britain could send armored cars, and in this way we would optimize the use of our resources.”[7] Mr. Frattini said the Lisbon Treaty had established that if some countries want to enter into vanguard cooperation and establish a common defense, they can do so. Other countries could join later. This merger would deprive individual European nations the possibility of defending their sovereignty. It would also subordinate their armies to the European External Action Service in Brussels. And this would mean subordination under the power that can currently call the shots: Germany.

[1] Hoyer: Deutschland erhebt Anspruch auf wichtige EU-Ämter; AFP 16.11.2009
[2] Strategien für Europa in Zeiten des Übergangs; www.cap-lmu.de 10.11.2009
[3] Werner Weidenfeld: Mein Europa der Zukunft; Go Sixt Politik www.cap-lmu.de 28.09.2009
[4] Autonom oder angebunden? Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung 23.10.2009
[5] EU military chiefs nervous about Lisbon Treaty implications; EUobserver 05.11.2009
[6] see also The Hegemon’s Army
[7] Italy’s Foreign Minister says post-Lisbon EU needs a European Army; The Sunday Times 15.11.2009

“Potential of a World Power”; german-foreign-policy.com; 11/17/2009. [5]

3. One of Germany’s major foreign policy goals vis a vis the EU is to diminish or marginalize the British conservative influence. Germany sees the United Kingdom’s Labor Party as a friendlier, less “EU skeptic” entity with which to work.

German government advisors are insisting on concerted efforts to politically neutralize British EU-skeptics. As explained in a recent paper published by the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP), the British Conservatives’ attitude will have a “decisive influence on helping to set the EU’s future radius of action,” because the ambitious possibilities in EU foreign policy making, opened through the Lisbon Treaty’s coming into force, will depend, to a certain extent, on London’s cooperation. It is expected that the elections scheduled in May will bring a government change – from Labor to Conservative. The chairman of the conservatives, a flexible “Euro-pragmatist,” is taking a Euro-skeptic position because of the balance of forces within his party, according to the authors of the SWP paper, but he can be brought to oppose his party’s EU-critical wing. The main reason for British EU-skepticism is the fear of the loss of the country’s sovereignty. This is not unjustified, as can be seen in the controversy around Greece’s national debt. The German chancellor is threatening Athens that the EU needs to consider whether it should impose an austerity budget on Greece – if necessary, even against the will of the elected parliament in Athens.
Globally Designed
According to a recent paper published by the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP), London should be more firmly integrated into EU foreign policy, if for no other reason, than for Britain’s political economic significance. The authors explain that “Great Britain, the second largest economic realm in the EU, with London being a hub of international finances” could definitely not be ignored “because of its globally designed foreign and security policy.”[1] Because of the United Kingdom’s well known EU-skepticism, continental European countries have paid “little attention” to London. That was a mistake. It would “behoove” EU members to insist on the British government’s firm engagement for Brussels after the Lisbon Treaty takes effect. Attempts should be made to gain influence on the Conservatives, since they will probably win parliamentary elections in the spring.
EU-Pragmatism
Because of the growing popularity of the EU-critical forces, the SWP describes the current development within the Conservative Party as “somber.” “The new generation of the Conservative parliamentarians will further strengthen the EU-skeptical camp.” Therefore it will “sooner or later” be necessary to seek a closer integration into the EU. To achieve cooperation with the current party leader, David Cameron, is not out of the question. Up to now, his EU-skeptical statements have “mainly been out of consideration of internal party power struggles,” whereas he, himself, tends more toward “conservative EU-pragmatism.” This has become clear already through his backing off from holding a referendum on the Lisbon Treaty. The SWP authors suggest that on the basis of this sort of “conservative EU-pragmatism” Cameron could “use his party leadership position, to place the [EU-skeptical – gfp] rank and file under pressure.” Of course Cameron’s previous “failure to settle accounts with the hard-liners of his party sends a signal” even “to the dyed-in-wool optimists that there is still a lot of work to be done.” But it is worth the effort to attempt to continue to marginalize the EU-skeptics.
Constructive Potential
According to the SWP document, various extraneous circumstances are advantageous to this project. The paper points out that the possibilities of the British Conservatives influencing the European Parliament have been “weakened” since they broke off from the European People’s Party, forming a new group (“European Conservatives and Reformists”) this year. The authors are also of the opinion that the US government, which is so important to Great Britain, is, under the Obama administration, increasingly seeing “Britain’s significance within the EU as a constructive rather than a conflict potential.” Therefore the conditions are not disadvantageous for taking action against the EU-skeptics. One cannot avoid the task of forcing the EU-critical circles into retreat, because even if Labor – against all expectations – does remain in government, it can “not be excluded that the national viewpoint, will not come to the fore” – meaning the EU-skeptical tendency. That is why, in any case, an “open debate” with and in Great Britain around the extension of EU activities must be initiated. The SWP authors’ suggestions concerning how this should be done remain non-committal and rather ambiguous.
Austerity Policy
The main reason for British EU-skepticism remains the fear that in the future the EU could usurp the sovereignty of the nation-states and blatantly rule the member states, even Great Britain from abroad, bypassing the elected national parliaments. That this fear is justifiable can be seen in the recent developments in Greece. Greece’s national debt has reached about 120 percent of its BNP, which is twice what is allowed under the EU’s Stability and Growth Pact. Several EU states, including Germany, are exerting strong pressure on Athens to reduce the level of debts at all costs. Whether this is a justified demand, is a matter of dispute. The Prime Minister of Luxemburg, Jean-Claude Juncker considers “the perspective being painted by some, as if Greece is on the brink of national bankruptcy, is at variance with my observations.”[2] Axel Weber, President of the German Federal Bank, on the other hand, demands that Athens impose a rigid austerity policy, that would also drastically cut salaries.[3]
Still Independent
The German chancellor is demanding that Brussels should be granted new rights of intervention into central areas of national sovereignty, for such cases. If, for example, an elected parliament refuses to enact substantial cuts in wages, Brussels must have the power to order these cuts against their will. “National parliaments do not like to have things imposed,” observes Angela Merkel and demands “we have to discuss this type of problem.”[4] The extent of this sort of intervention, particularly affecting the smaller EU nations, placing them under de facto direct control of the EU hegemonic powers, in particular Germany, has been anticipated by the Greek Prime Minister Giorgos Papandreou. According to Papandreou, the country’s sovereignty is under threat for the first time since 1974, through the external pressure on Athens to reduce its level of debts at all costs. In 1974 the military dictatorship in Greece was replaced by a parliamentary democracy. Papandreou added that Athens itself must institute the reductions demanded by Berlin and others. This is “the only way to insure that Greece does not lose its independence.”[5]
[1] Martin Kremer, Roderick Parkes: Großbritannien: “Being nice to a sceptic?” SWP-Aktuell 66, Dezember 2009
[2] EU macht Druck auf Griechenland; Handelsblatt 10.12.2009
[3] Bundesbank fordert Griechenland zum Sparen auf; Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung 10.12.2009
[4] EU verweigert Griechenland Soforthilfe; Spiegel Online 10.12.2009
[5] Bundesbank fordert Griechenland zum Sparen auf; Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung 10.12.2009

“The End of Sovereignty’; german-foreign-policy.com; 12/14/2009. [6]

4. Anticipating a Conservative victory in the upcoming British elections, Germany is pressuring the EU to speedily institutionalize changes to the European External Action Service to make it more serviceable to German interests.

Among the foreign policy goals being pursued by the European Free Alliance group within the European Parliament is the formation of a “Greater Germany” that would include Austria, as well as parts of what are now Switzerland and Italy! This is, of course, the Greater Germany that was realized for a time by Hitler.

Note that the Greens are part of this alliance. In the past, we have noted the Green Party’s fascist affiliations and their efforts at promoting the fragmentation of various European states.

Berlin is insisting on access to essential posts in the European External Action Service (EEAS). According to news reports, the German government is demanding that the post of EEAS General Secretary be given to a German. Leading personnel from the Chancellery and the Foreign Ministry are being suggested. The general secretary heads the administration and is second only to the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Catherine Ashton, who is considered to be very weak, meaning that a German EEAS general secretary would have a free hand. The structuring of the EEAS is one of Berlin’s most essential objectives since the Lisbon Treaty took effect, reinforcing the EU on its path toward becoming a world power. As was expressed in Berlin’s foreign ministry, the basic features of the new administration must be institutionalized by April 2010, so that the British Conservatives, expected to be the victors of the next parliamentary elections in the spring of 2010, will not be able to have any influence. They are capable of putting up serious resistance to German hegemonic policy.
Accommodation Claims
The debate around the structuring of the European External Action Service (EEAS) is becoming more heated since the Lisbon Treaty took effect December 1. Whether this new administration should be an appendage of the EU Commission or be an independent structure is one of the issues of this controversy. Berlin is in favor of the EEAS being independent of the Commission. It would thus be more accessible to EU member nations. A central power struggle is around the question of who will get key positions in that administration. The approx. 5,000 assistants currently employed in the EU Commission’s foreign policy structures want to be accommodated. The EU nations are demanding that at least one-third of the future positions in the EEAS, mainly leadership positions, be set aside for their national personnel.[1] Since contradicting claims have to be taken into consideration, it is estimated that the final size of the EEAS will be between 6,000 and 8,000 employees.
Reliable
But Berlin is pressing for haste. Next spring, in May 2010 at the latest, parliamentary elections will be held in Great Britain. The replacement of the Labor government by a Conservative one is considered certain. The German government is doing everything possible that the basic structural features of the EEAS will be completed by April 2010. A Conservative British government could “otherwise complicate the implementation of the EEAS,”[2] as is diplomatically asserted in the German Foreign Ministry, where it is feared that London could seriously resist German plans to use EU Foreign Policy to rise to world power status. (german-foreign-policy.com reported.[3]) The Labor government reliably accommodated German aspirations on decisive issues, for example the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty. The chairman of the Social Democratic European parliamentary caucus, Martin Schulz, noted with gratitude that during the vote on the treaty, the Labor MP, Catherine Ashton, was its dedicated promoter in the House of Lords.[4]
“Difficult Partner”
The German establishment is divided on the question of what role London should have in the EU. The chairman of the group The Greens/European Free Alliance in the European Parliament, Reinhard Buetikofer is against proposals to more intensely ostracize Great Britain. There are parties in his parliamentary group that are calling for the breakup of numerous European nation-states. The organization European Free Alliance (EFA) has published a map showing a greater Germany expanded to include Austria, as well as regions of Switzerland and Italy. (german-foreign-policy.com reported.[5]) EFA partner, Buetikofer says that he “doesn’t place much stock in the discussion about whether we would be better off, if we didn’t have the British around.” One has to rather “possibly give a difficult partner responsibility.” “Better have them inside the tent pissing out, than the other way around.”[6]
“The biggest Wimp”
Catherine Ashton’s appointment as EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy is also to Germany’s advantage. The German government was particularly set on preventing a strong British EU foreign policy chief – someone like David Miliband for example. But Berlin does not consider Ashton a threat. “Everyone has driven it home to her that she is he biggest wimp under the sun,” according to Reinhard Bütikofer.[7] Berlin is now insisting on the post of general secretary in the EEAS, the highest ranking EEAS official, who will have decisive influence on EU foreign policy, given the weakness of the High Representative. It was to the German government’s advantage that it had renounced on the posts of EU Council President and EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and that it had not insisted on another German being EU Industry Commissioner. The fact that Günther Oettinger was appointed only EU Energy Commissioner is regretted in Berlin.[8] One opinion in Berlin is that Brussels is now indebted to Germany.
Central Command Post
Two candidates are reported to be in consideration, with Christoph Heusgen, the German chancellor’s chief foreign policy adviser, being the favorite.[9] Heusgen, former chief of the European affairs division in the German Foreign Ministry, had directed the Policy Unit of the EU’s High Representative Javier Solana from 1999 to 2005, which was considered to be the central command post for EU foreign policy decisions. Heusgen had had a major impact on the beginnings of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). He also participated in drafting the so called EU security strategy adopted by the European Council in December 2003.[10] Since 2005 Heusgen has been working in the German Chancellery.
Several Times Daily
Helga Maria Schmid is also proposed as a candidate for the General Secretary post. Like Heusgen, Schmid had worked in the German Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel’s office in the 1990s, and later served as office manager in Foreign Minister Joseph Fischer’s office. Then, at the beginning of 2006, she took on Heusgen’s earlier job in Brussels – in the directorate of Solana’s political staff.[11] Speaking of her work at the beginning of 2007, she reported, “I make calls several times daily to the Chancellery and the Foreign Ministry.”[12] Should she or Heusgen be given the top positions in the EEAS under Ashton, Berlin would direct EU foreign policy without rivalry. Both candidates are considered not only to be well connected, but highly assertive as well.
[1], [2] Angst vor Cameron treibt EU-Außenamt voran; EurActiv.de 24.11.2009
[3] see also Weltmachtpotenzial
[4] New foreign policy chief to start work next week; EUobserver 23.11.2009
[5] see also The German Ethnic Model (III) and The German Ethnic Model (IV)
[6], [7] Bütikofer: “Nicht immer hat die Mehrheit recht”; EurActiv.de 03.12.2009
[8] Neue EU-Kommission: Macht für Paris, Behelfsjob für Berlin; Spiegel online 27.11.2009
[9] Chefberater von Merkel soll nach Brüssel; Welt Online 05.12.2009
[10] see also A Greater Role in Europe
[11] Chefberater von Merkel soll nach Brüssel; Welt Online 05.12.2009
[12] Die wichtigsten 10 Deutschen in Brüssel; Welt Online 02.01.2007

“Assertiveness”; german-foreign-policy.com; 12/08/2009. [7]

5. Further developing pan-German goals for the geographical restructuring of Europe, the broadcast highlights plans to effect the secession of the North Tyrol from Italy, reuniting it with Austria. The Freedom Party of Austria–founded as a vehicle for the political rehabilitation of Austrian Nazis who had served the Third Reich and headed (until his death) by Jorg Haider– has been a major agitator on behalf of this goal.

If realized, this will recapitulate the status quo of that region under the Habsburgs. (In numerous broadcasts, we have noted the House of Hapsburg’s efforts on behalf of secession-prone ethnic groups, whose independence would fragment larger nations, as well as the Habsburgs’ marital links to the Thyssen-Bornemisza family, part of the Bormann capital network.

In this context, it is important to note that the Northern League of Umberto Bossi, part of Silvio Berlusconi’s fascist coalition in Italy, also favors secession of Northern parts of Italy.

Other EU member states facing German-backed secessionist movements include Hungary, Romania and Spain.

Previously, Germany has granted passports to ethnic German citizens of other European nations, such as Poland. Hitler’s war of aggression was predicated in considerable measure on the alleged mistreatment of ethnic Germans in other European countries.

Ethnic chauvinist forces in Austria are demanding the practical application of German “ethnic rights” to the German speaking population of northern Italy. According to these forces, the government in Vienna should issue Austrian passports to the approx. 300,000 northern Italians (South Tyroleans), whose ancestors had been Austrian up until the First World War. Germany has a long practice of absorbing the citizens of its East European neighboring countries, but this would be the first time involving a West European neighbor. This demand accompanies talks about the addition of a paragraph to the Austrian Constitution, declaring Vienna the “protective power” of the “South Tyroleans” – a direct infringement on the national sovereignty of the EU member nation, Italy. At the same time demands are gaining momentum in South Tyrol for an ethnic based right of secession, also along the lines of German concepts. Already last spring, the word was going around in Northern Italian Green Party circles that the foundation of a “Free State South Tyrol,” along the lines of the Liechtenstein model was being considered. The ethnic chauvinist rightwing is seeking annexation by Austria.
Protective Power
Austria’s new “South Tyrol” debate originated with plans to amend the country’s constitution to include a protective power clause. This would mean that Austria would officially declare itself the “protective power” of all German language citizens of northern Italy. These plans, with which Vienna would presume a de facto right of intervention in northern Italy, have been in discussion for several years;[1] but a corresponding 2006 resolution, accepted by nearly all parties represented in parliament (SPÖ, ÖVP; BZÖ and FPÖ), has yet to be implemented. The ruling government coalition partner, Austrian People’s Party (ÖVP), would now like to see it implemented. The spokesperson for South Tyrolean Affairs of the conservative ÖVP, Hermann Gahr, announced “that a common resolution will be tabled in parliament by December.”[2] The protective power claim will not be merely inserted into the preamble of the constitution, but will be expounded upon in its own paragraph. Protests from Rome, according to Gahr, have no impact. The South Tyrolean Affairs spokesperson of the ÖVP declared “this concerns the acknowledgement of Austria’s political approach, already in practice for decades.”
Convergence
The debate has grown sharper through a demand by the FPÖ. The party tabled a motion for a resolution in the National Council in Vienna, in which all “former Austrians” in northern Italy, and their descendents be granted Austrian citizenship. “Former Austrians” are former citizens of the Habsburg Empire, to which South Tyrol had belonged until the end of World War I. Nearly all of the German speaking citizens in northern Italy trace their origins back to this group. The FPÖ’s motion, calling for placing the approx. 300,000 German speaking North Italians under the protection of Vienna, by issuing them Austrian passports, is under consideration in the Interior Committee of the Austrian National Council. As Werner Neubauer, speaker for South Tyrolean Affairs of the FPÖ, openly declared, this motion is “about convergence.”[3] Already in October, the South Tyrolean Freedom, a northern Italian party, calling for South Tyrol’s secession from Italy, was in Vienna, according to the party, for “talks on the question of double citizenship” with “the parties represented in the Austrian National Council.” According to a regional parliamentarian of that secessionist organization, “a basic approval of dual citizenship for South Tyroleans could be discerned among all of the parties present at the talks.”[4]
German Practice
The ethnic chauvinist forces in Vienna and Northern Italy, who support these plans, can invoke the practice in use by Germany since the 1990s. The Federal Republic of Germany issues German speaking citizens of its eastward neighboring countries German papers, transforming, for example 200,000 former Poles into Germans. This German practice, which completely ignores the national sovereignty of its bordering countries, has repeatedly been the source of tensions in eastern and southeastern Europe. Back in the 1990s, Italy offered Italian speaking Slovenians the possibility of obtaining Italian citizenship. In Hungary measures are currently being planned that would affect approx. 500,000 Slovakians and 1.3 million Rumanians.[5] Rumania, on the other hand is toying with the idea of granting about a million Moldavians (“ethnic Rumanians”) Rumanian citizenship. (german-foreign-policy.com reported.[6]) Moldavia has a population of approx. 3.3 million.
German Tradition
While claims of protective power and the incorporation of Italian citizens are being discussed in Austria, demands for an ethnic based right of secession are gaining momentum in Northern Italy. In Bolzano, South Tyrol, the November 22 – 23, 1969 referendum leading to the so-called autonomy package will soon be commemorated. This package granted extensive special rights to the German speaking minority in Northern Italy. The German minority subsequently renounced its plans to secede – but only temporarily, as the current development shows. On the occasion of the 40 anniversary celebrations, demands for an ethnic based “right to self-determination” can be heard, granting ethnic minorities the right of decision to secede from the nation. International law does not recognize such a right; but it corresponds to the tradition of German ethnic policy. (German-foreign-policiy.com reported.[7]) “Cheers to the package, but we prefer the road to freedom”, one could hear in the Union for South Tyrol Party, which is demanding the “right to self-determination,” including an option to secede from Italy.[8]
Courage to Change
Last Saturday’s meeting of the “South Tyrolean Freedom” can be considered paradigmatic. The “South Tyrolean Freedom” includes the milieu of the former “South Tyrolean Bombers”, ethnic chauvinist terrorists, who, in the 1960s and later, were pursuing South Tyrol’s secession from Italy with – occasional deadly – bomb attacks. At the meeting, Hermann Gahr, ÖVP speaker for South Tyrolean Affairs, demanded more “courage for change in South Tyrol”. The former Austrian justice minister demanded that Vienna intensify its struggle for the “preservation and development of self determination of the South Tyrolean people separated from Tyrol.” A parliamentarian of the “South Tyrolean Freedom” in the state assembly declared that there remains only “10 to 15 years” to “exercise the right to self-determination” of the German speaking population because of the steady influx of “foreigners”.[9] The South Tyrolean Freedom has observer status in the “European Free Alliance” that unites organizations from all over Europe seeking secession. In the European Parliament, the “Alliance” cooperates with the German Green Party in a parliamentary caucus. (This map excerpt is taken from the webpage of the “European Free Alliance” presenting a “Tyrol” formed through the unification of the Austrian federal land, Tyrol, with South Tyrol joining a new Greater Germany.)
Liechtenstein Model
These current demands for secession are not limited to ethnic rights. Already last spring, Green Party circles in Northern Italy were discussing the founding of a “Free State South Tyrol”, “Liechtenstein Model”.[10] The development shows the real purpose behind the “South Tyrolean Autonomy”, so heavily praised in Berlin. Whereas Germany is repeatedly using the South Tyrolean autonomy rights as a model for the peaceful settlement of secessionist conflicts while safeguarding the territorial integrity of the countries concerned, the current debate in Austria and Northern Italy show that the secessionist potential has only been suppressed – until there is another opportunity to secede. This is not only disastrous for Italy, but for all those states whose minorities seek advice on autonomy rights and their implementation in Bolzano – particularly in the “European Academy Bozen”. Among those who sought advice over the past few years were Iraq [11] and Tibetan separatists [12]. Godfather of the founding of this “European Academy Bozen” was the Foreign Ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany. The academy cooperates with front institutions of Berlin’s ethnic chauvinist foreign policy, including the European Center for Minority Issues [13] as well as the Federal Union of European Nationalities [14].
[1] see also Schutzmacht-Klausel
[2] “Schutzmacht für Südtirol kommt in die Verfassung”; Tiroler Tageszeitung 15.11.2009
[3] Diplomatische Spannungen wegen Südtirol-Engagement; Tiroler Tageszeitung 23.11.2009
[4] JA zur doppelten Staatsbürgerschaft: In Wien bereits Gespräche mit allen Parteien geführt; www.suedtiroler-freiheit.com 25.11.2009
[5] see also The German Ethnic Model (I)
[6] see also Das deutsche Blutsmodell (II)
[7] see also Self Determination, Logik der Dekomposition and Moral Basis
[8] “Paket in Ehren, aber besser der Freiheit entgegen”; Südtirol Online 23.11.2009
[9] “Für Selbstbestimmungsrecht bleiben uns noch 10 bis 15 Jahre”; Südtirol Online 22.11.2009
[10] “Eine überaus reizvolle Idee”; ff – Das Südtiroler Wochenmagazin 12/2009
[11] see also Multi-Partisan Directorate
[12] see also Strategies of Attrition (III) and À la Südtirol
[13] see also Hintergrundbericht: Das Europäische Zentrum für Minderheitenfragen
[14] see also Freund und Kollege, Schwelende Konflikte, Cultivating Relationships and Hintergrundbericht: Die Föderalistische Union Europäischer Volksgruppen

“German Ethnic Model (III); german-foreign-policy.com; 11/26/2009. [8]

6. In addition, Germany and its Green and European Free Alliance allies have been pushing for the secession of Catalonia from Spain. Note that Catalonia has established a working relationship with Bad Wuerttemberg in Germany, giving it economic advantages. (Bad Wuerttemberg also has similar relationships with Lombardy in [Northern] Italy and the Rhone-Alps region of France.)

It will be interesting to see how Spain’s dire economic situation affects the Catalonian secessionist question. Spain is among the EU members facing bankruptcy/default or requiring bailout from EU/Germany or the IMF.

Will Catalan independence be furthered by this crisis?

It is also interesting to contemplate the possibility that ethnic groups that realize their “independence” through the assistance of Germany could eventually evolve into political allies of Germany within the EU–voting in such a way as to maximize German control of the union.

Catalonian secessionists are progressing toward the ethnic dismantlement of Spain with referendums to be held in 161 cities and communities. Scheduled for mid-December, referendums will be held in one-sixth of Catalonia’s municipalities on a – non-binding for now – resolution on secession from Spain and the founding an independent country. Secessionists in other parts of the country – the Basque Region and Galicia – are carefully watching what happens. The referendums are providing new impetus to the German strategy of restructuring Europe along ethnic lines. The Federal Republic of Germany provided Catalonian secessionism relevant support over the past few years, most recently, two years ago in the framework of the Frankfurt Book Fair. Berlin’s foreign policy front organizations have long since catalogued the Catalan as a “Volksgruppe” (an ethnic entity) justifying eligibility to special rights. Catalan secessionists are being spoken of in the same breath as other ethnic minorities demanding similar autonomous rights, including the Bretons in France and the Welsh in Great Britain.
I’m Catalan
Referendums will be held December 13 in 161 of the 900 Catalan municipalities and communities, to determine whether Catalonia should secede from Spain. The referendum is not yet binding. They exclude the largest regional cities (Barcelona, Lerida and Tarragona). A response is sought to the question: “Are you in favor of the Catalan nation being an independent, democratic and social welfare nation in a European Union of peoples?”[1] The referendum was initiated by an organization calling itself “I’m Catalan. I Love Freedom.” The referendum is being flanked by an effective PR campaign, which included the chairman of the secessionist party, Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya recently hoisting the Catalan secessionist flag on the highest mountain peak in the region. The secessionists are also trying to internationalize their cause. They have applied in the European Parliament for concrete steps toward independence and are seeking international observers for the December 13 referendum, particularly observers from the OSCE and the UN.
Disadvantaged
A Spanish Constitutional Court decision relevant to the secessionist plans is expected within the close timeframe of the referendum. Three years ago the regional parliament in Barcelona passed new autonomy statutes, declaring extensive special rights for Catalonia. There is not only controversy about the stipulation of autonomy status, that Catalonia is an independent “nation” and the claim that Catalonia deserves historical privileges. Most controversial is the obligation that all residents of the region learn Catalan. Since some time, this has led, to barricading tendencies. Two years ago, philosopher and regional parliamentarian in Barcelona, Antonio Robles complained to german-foreign-policy.com, that “if one was not fluent in Catalan, (…) it was very difficult to work in the Catalan communication industry” – a massive disadvantage to the citizens from other regions of Spain.[2] If the Constitutional Court rules the regulations in the Autonomy Statutes – which codifies this discriminatory development – unconstitutional, massive protests are expected.
New Borders in Europe
Germany, the EU trail-blazer of ethnic privileges and secession,[3] is no innocent bystander in these developments in Catalonia. Since the late 1980s, the German land Baden Wuerttemberg has maintained a “regional partnership” with Catalonia and two other regions (Lombardy in Italy and the Rhone-Alps region of France). This “regional partnership” brings this

northeastern Spanish secessionist region economic advantages, strengthening it in relationship to other regions of Spain.[4] The separatists are politically supported also by the German Green Party. The Greens are members of the same European parliamentary caucus as the “European Free Alliance”, which includes several proponents of Catalan secession as well as other separatists.[5] The “European Free Alliance” is not only supporting the secession of Catalonia, for years it has been campaigning with a map with completely new European borders: Spain is divided into seven new countries, Germany has annexed Austria, parts of Switzerland and Northern Italy (South Tyrol). The territory of France is half its current size. According to the map of the friends of the German Greens, the Bretagne, as well as the entire south of the country, the fictive “Occitan” have seceded. The map instigates diverse secessionist movements throughout Europe and is published in full knowledge of the Yugoslav wars of disintegration. German-foreign-policy.com documents excerpts here.
Partner Nations
Germany had created a new impulse for Catalan secessionists at the Frankfurt Book Fair, in the fall of 2007. Usually a country is chosen as “partner nation,” to be intensively promoted at the book fair. But this time it chose Catalonia, a region,

seeking to become a nation. But not all Catalan writers were to be honored at that book fair, only those, whose works were written in Catalan. Authors using the national Castilian Spanish, were strictly excluded. A map showing a “Catalonia” nation, extending from the Spanish coastline north of Valencia to southern France (Perpignan), incorporating both the Balearic Islands as well as Andorra,[6] was distributed at the book fair. The president of the Balearic regional government announced, also at this book fair, that his Islands would intensify their cultural cooperation with the Catalan region – an agreement providing further impetus toward separatism.[7] These activities take on greater significance through the fact that the German foreign ministry is an official partner of the Frankfurt Book Fair. The main European power’s toleration of their activities was an important symbol for the secessionists in Catalonia. (The excerpt of the map is also taken from the map published by the “European Free Alliance.”)
Weaken the Adversary
Front organizations of Berlin’s foreign policy have long since catalogued the Catalans as a separate “ethnic entity,” justifying eligibility to special rights. The Federal Union of European Nationalities (FUEN) speaks of the Catalans in the same breath as not only the Basques but also the Bretons in France or the Scottish and the Welsh in Great Britain.[8] The ethnic subdivision of Europe, as is supported in Germany, lays the foundation not only for demands for autonomy but also for secessionist aspirations, such as are currently escalating in Catalonia. This ultimately weakens the nation-states competing with Germany for influence in Europe.
[1] Spanische Unabhängigkeitsspiele; Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung 19.11.2009
[2] see also Wie ein Staat
[3] Since the beginning of the 90s, the Federal Republic of Germany supported Yugoslavia’s disintegration along ethnic lines and favorably assisted the dissolution of Czechoslovakia. Various front organizations of Berlin’s foreign policy are supporting linguistic minorities in their struggles for special rights. See also Cultivating Relationships, Hintergrundbericht: Die Föderalistische Union Europäischer Volksgruppen and Hintergrundbericht: Das Europäische Zentrum für Minderheitenfragen
[4] see also Zukunft als Volk
[5] see also The German Ethnic Model (III)
[6] see also Language Struggle
[7] see also Ethnic Europe
[8] www.non-kinstate.fuen.org [13]

“The German Ethnic Model (IV)”; german-foreign-policy.com; 2/12/2009. [9]