Dr. Horowitz’s recent book Emerging Viruses: AIDS and Ebola — Nature, Accident or Intentional? (Hardcover edition, Tetrahedron, copyright 1996) makes a compelling case that both AIDS and Ebola are, in all probability, man-made diseases. This interview provides an overview of Dr. Horowitz’s thesis. Beginning with Dr. Robert Gallo’s genetic engineering of viruses virtually identical to HIV in the late 1960s and 1970s, the discussion illuminates the probable role of a number of corporate and governmental institutions in the development of AIDS. Central among those elements are: the National Cancer Institute’s Special Viral Cancer Research Project; Fort Detrick (the Army’s top biological warfare research facility, which was turned over to the National Cancer Institute); Litton Bionetics (which administered Fort Detrick for the NCI); Merck, Sharp and Dohme (a German-owned company which has been at the center of the American biological warfare program); Merck’s experimental Hepatitis B vaccine trials; the U.S. Agency for International Development; former National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger and the Rockefeller industrial and medical empire. Particular attention is paid to some very disturbing research in Africa on the diseases which appear to figure in the development of AIDS and Ebola. This research was followed by a series of vaccination programs which may have been the vector for introducing AIDS into the population there.