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FTR #830 Machiavelli 2.0: The Paris Attacks and the Muslim Brotherhood

Dave Emory’s entire life­time of work is avail­able on a flash dri­ve that can be obtained here. [1] The new dri­ve is a 32-giga­byte dri­ve that is cur­rent as of the pro­grams and arti­cles post­ed by 12/19/2014. The new dri­ve (avail­able for a tax-deductible con­tri­bu­tion of $65.00 or more) con­tains FTR #827 [2].  (The pre­vi­ous flash dri­ve was cur­rent through the end of May of 2012 and con­tained FTR #748 [3].)

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Lis­ten: MP3

This broad­cast was record­ed in one, 60-minute seg­ment [7].

[8]

Con­verts pledg­ing alle­giance to ISIS: they are NOT audi­tion­ing for an anti-per­spi­rant com­mer­cial

[9]

Mus­lim Broth­er­hood Off­shoot Pales­tin­ian Islam­ic Jihad

Intro­duc­tion: In the wake of the Char­lie Heb­do mas­sacre in France, we delve fur­ther into the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood [10], the Islam­ic fas­cist orga­ni­za­tion [11] at the foun­da­tion of so much of the jihadist ter­ror­ism afflict­ing the world.

Pre­dictably, the after­math of the incident(s) has seen the well-worn rhetoric about “Islam” and “Mus­lims.” “Is Islam a vio­lent reli­gion?” “Why don’t more Mus­lims protest against this kind of activ­i­ty?” Oth­er equal­ly thread­bare com­men­tary has occu­pied much of the edi­to­r­i­al dis­cus­sion of the events.

What is miss­ing is analy­sis of the rela­tion­ship between the Broth­er­hood’s Islam­ic fas­cism and the ter­ror­ist groups [12] that occu­py the headlines–Al Qae­da and ISIS (both of which loom large in the back­grounds of the Kouachi broth­ers and Ame­dy Coulibai­ly), Hamas, Pales­tin­ian Islam­ic Jihad and Chechen ter­ror­ists.

Beyond that, the cor­po­ratist eco­nom­ic doc­trine of the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood and the appar­ent use [13] of its knock­off ter­ror­ist groups as proxy war­riors [14] by ele­ments of West­ern and Sau­di intel­li­gence [15] are as fun­da­men­tal to a true under­stand­ing of the phe­nom­e­non and they are absent from the vast bulk of media dis­cus­sion.

Broth­er­hood off­shoots have proved par­tic­u­lar­ly valu­able [16] as proxy war­riors in petro­le­um and min­er­al-rich areas of the Earth Island [17].

Very, very trag­i­cal­ly, the world has cho­sen to ignore the fun­da­men­tal­ly impor­tant Oper­a­tion Green Quest raids [18] of 3/20/2002, which revealed pro­found links between the Bush admin­is­tra­tion, the Islam­ic Free Mar­ket Insti­tute of Grover Norquist [19] and the fund­ing appa­ra­tus [20] sup­ply­ing Al Qae­da and Hamas with liq­uid­i­ty [21].

The con­tin­ued blood­shed is part of the price [22] peo­ple are pay­ing for that dead­ly fail­ure [23].

It might be dif­fi­cult for some peo­ple to under­stand this. A dual­i­ty dom­i­nates analy­sis of the dynam­ics of this situation–a dual­i­ty sim­i­lar to one under­ly­ing both the Sec­ond World War and the Cold War. World War II was a very real con­flict, with Amer­i­can ser­vice men and women, as well as those of the oth­er Allied coun­tries, fight­ing against the armies of fas­cism. At the same time, dom­i­nant U.S. and West­ern finan­cial and indus­tri­al inter­ests favored their car­tel part­ners [24] in the Axis nations and the cor­po­ratist eco­nom­ic phi­los­o­phy they embraced.

After the offi­cial end of the com­bat of World War II, the U.S. and U.K. incor­po­rat­ed the resid­ua [25] of the Third Reich’s nation­al secu­ri­ty estab­lish­ment [26] into their own and saw to it that the fas­cist infra­struc­ture [27] in Ger­many, Japan [28] and else­where was main­tained in pow­er, behind a thin facade [29] of democ­ra­cy.

In addi­tion, they sup­port­ed and enlist­ed fas­cists from oth­er coun­tries to assist with the fight against Com­mu­nism. The Mus­lim Broth­er­hood [30] was one of those.

The polit­i­cal dual­i­ty we are expe­ri­enc­ing is sim­i­lar to that of World War II–even as Amer­i­can ser­vice per­son­nel and those of oth­er coun­tries are fight­ing a very real war against Islam­ic fas­cism, pow­er­ful cor­po­rate inter­ests are sup­port­ive of the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood fas­cists and their cor­po­rate phi­los­o­phy.

The result­ing conl­fict will, ulti­mate­ly, have the result of destroy­ing civ­il lib­er­ties and free­dom of the press.

[31]

Hamas (Pales­tin­ian Mus­lim Broth­er­hood) Sol­diers Salut­ing: Same ges­ture as the ISIS fol­low­ers give

After high­light­ing sev­er­al arti­cles [32] about the appar­ent Al Qae­da [33] and ISIS links [34] of the attack­ers, the pro­gram details some recent sto­ries about CAIR (the Coun­cil on Amer­i­can-Islam­ic Relations)–an insid­i­ous Mus­lim Broth­er­hood front group that has suc­cess­ful­ly por­trayed itself as a Mus­lim civ­il rights orga­ni­za­tion, sort of an Islam­ic NAACP.

Offi­cial­ly labeled a ter­ror­ist orga­ni­za­tion [35] by the Unit­ed Arab Emi­rates, CAIR has been very active in the wake of the Fer­gu­son inci­dent [36], appar­ent­ly seek­ing to cap­i­tal­ize on the anger of African-Amer­i­cans. Coin­ci­den­tal­ly or oth­er­wise, Ismaaiyl Brins­ley [37]–the killer of two New York City police officers–alleges a rela­tion­ship with INSA (the Islam­ic Soci­ety of North Amer­i­ca), a Mus­lim Broth­er­hood sub­sidiary orga­ni­za­tion.

Much of the pro­gram focus­es on the cor­po­ratist eco­nom­ic phi­los­o­phy [11] of the Broth­er­hood. It is this eco­nom­ic phi­los­o­phy [38] that has endeared it [39] to pow­er­ful cor­po­rate inter­ests in the U.S. [40] and the GOP [41].

In a text­book man­i­fes­ta­tion of Machi­avel­lian strat­e­gy, Euro­pean fas­cist groups [42] that are suc­cess­ful­ly tar­get­ing Mus­lim immi­grants as a polit­i­cal scape­goat stand to gain from the Paris attacks, this as appar­ent oper­a­tional links [43] between Euro­pean and Amer­i­can fas­cists and Islam­ic fas­cists [44] from the Broth­er­hood have gone unrec­og­nized [45].

Euro­pean fas­cists of the Nation­al Front vari­ety can point to the attacks and say “See! We told you so! You can’t trust these (‘Mus­lims;’ ‘immi­grants;’ ‘Mus­lim immi­grants’ etc.)! We are your only hope! Join with us!”

By the same token, the Islam­ic fas­cists of the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood can point to the xeno­pho­bic reac­tion and say “See! We told you so! You can’t trust these infi­dels! We are your only hope! Join with us!”

In that con­text, we should note that both non-Mus­lim Euro­peans and Mus­lim res­i­dents of that con­ti­nent are being squeezed to the break­ing point by the aus­ter­i­ty man­date being imposed on the EU by Ger­many and its cor­po­rate allies–von Clause­witz­ian eco­nom­ics [46].

In addi­tion to cor­po­ratist eco­nom­ic phi­los­o­phy, the fas­cists of the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood and the Euro­pean and Amer­i­can fas­cist ele­ments with which they net­work have much in com­mon, from an ide­o­log­i­cal point of view. They dis­like: Jews, women, gays, blacks and democ­ra­cy. The very much like, in turn, the insti­tu­tion­al­iza­tion of the priv­i­leges of great wealth.

Pro­gram High­lights Include: Ismaaiyl Brins­ley’s [47] visit(s) to a jihadist mosque [48] in Brook­lyn; alle­ga­tions of Turk­ish gov­ern­men­tal sup­port [49] for Uighur ter­ror­ists in Chi­na [50]; Turk­ish Prime Min­is­ter Tayyip Erdo­gan’s pub­lic state­ment that women are infe­ri­or [51]; review of oper­a­tional links between Erdo­gan’s Mus­lim Broth­er­hood men­tor and pre­de­ces­sor as Turk­ish PM Necmet­tin Erbakan [51] and Jean-Marie Le Pen of the Nation­al Front.

1a. Some back­ground info on the sus­pects in the Char­lie Heb­do attack. And, shock­er, they’re asso­ci­ated with al-Qae­da [33]:

“Youngest Sus­pect in Char­lie Heb­do Attack Turns Him­self In” by Dan Good, Ter­ry Moran and Meghan Keneal­ly; ABC News; 1/7/2015. [33]

The youngest sus­pect in today’s dead­ly attack at a satir­i­cal newspaper’s office in Paris has turned him­self in, French police said.

French author­i­ties have named the three sus­pects who they believe are respon­si­ble for the shoot­ing deaths of 12 peo­ple, U.S. law enforce­ment offi­cials told ABC News.

The offi­cials iden­ti­fied the sus­pects as Said Kouachi and Cherif Kouachi, two rel­a­tives both in their 30s, and 18-year-old Hamyd Mourad.

Cherif Kouachi, 34, is on Glob­al watch list, ABC News has con­firmed.

Kouachi, along with six oth­ers, was sen­tenced in May 2008 to 3 years in prison for ter­ror­ism in Paris. All sev­en men were accused of send­ing about a dozen young French­men to join Abu Musab al-Zar­qawi, the leader of Al Qae­da in Iraq, after fun­nel­ing them through rad­i­cal reli­gious estab­lish­ments in Syr­ia and Egypt. French author­i­ties believed Kouachi had been plan­ning to go to Syr­ia for train­ing in 2005.

Paris Deputy May­or Patrick Klug­man ear­lier today told ABC News that two of the assailants went inside the offices of Char­lie Heb­do and list­ed off the names of their tar­gets before shoot­ing them exe­cu­tion style. The third man was wait­ing out­side the build­ing.

The French pres­i­dent called the attack a “ter­ror­ist oper­a­tion.”

...

The news­pa­per had been tar­geted in the past [52] over its con­tent, often aimed at reli­gious groups.

French offi­cials con­firmed that there are believed to be three attack­ers, all of whom were seen in videos wear­ing black from head-to-toe. Their iden­ti­ties and affil­i­a­tions have not been revealed but one of the men is heard scream­ing “Allahu Akbar,” an Islam­ic phrase mean­ing “God is great,” in one of the scene videos.

...

Char­lie Heb­do, a satir­i­cal news­pa­per, has come under attack before. Their office was fire­bombed in 2011 and its web­site was hacked after its cov­er fea­tured the prophet Muham­mad. Near­ly a year lat­er, the pub­li­ca­tion again pub­lished crude Muham­mad car­i­ca­tures, draw­ing denun­ci­a­tions from around the Mus­lim world.

The cov­er of this week’s issue of the news­pa­per focus­es on a new book by Michel Houelle­becq, “Sub­mis­sion,” which depicts France led by an Islam­ic par­ty that bans women from the work­place.

...

[53]

Mus­lim Broth­er­hood Coat of (ahem) Arms

1b. Ame­dy Coulibaly–the gun­ment who took pris­on­er, and then exe­cut­ed, hostages at a kosher eat­ing place–pledged alle­giance to ISIS.

“Paris Gun­man Ame­dy Coulibaly Declared Alle­giance to ISIS” by Julian Borg­er; The Guardian; 1/11/2015. [34]

The gun­man who killed four peo­ple in a Parisian kosher gro­cery store and a police­woman pledged alle­giance to Islam­ic State in a video pub­lished online on Sun­day, two days after his death.

In the sev­en-minute video, Ame­dy Coulibaly is described as a “sol­dier of the caliphate” and is filmed declar­ing alle­giance to the Isis leader, Abu Bakr al-Bagh­da­di.

Coulibaly shot dead a Parisian police­woman on Thurs­day and four hostages at a kosher super­mar­ket on Fri­day. . . .

1c. More about the Kouachi broth­ers, Coulibaly and the milieu to which they belong:

“Jihadism Born in a Paris Park and Fueled in the Prison Yard” by Jim Yard­ley; The New York Times; 1/11/2015. [32]

 . . . . After French author­i­ties swept up mem­bers of the Buttes-Chau­mont group in the 2005, dur­ing his time in prison Chérif Kouachi came under the sway of an influ­en­tial French-Alger­ian jihadist who had plot­ted to bomb [54] the Unit­ed States Embassy in Paris in 2001.

There, he also recruit­ed a holdup artist named Ame­dy Coulibaly [55], the man who killed four hostages at a kosher super­mar­ket in Paris on Fri­day.

It is unclear if his old­er broth­er, Saïd Kouachi, who also took part in the attack on the Char­lie Heb­do news­pa­per office [56], was a mem­ber of the Buttes-Chau­mont group, but the author­i­ties have con­firmed that the old­er broth­er spent time in Yemen between 2009 and 2012, get­ting train­ing from a branch of Al Qae­da [57]. . . .

. . . . Already, a few young Mus­lim men from the 19th Arrondisse­ment had fought in Iraq, most notably Boubak­er al-Hakim, who had vol­un­teered to defend the gov­ern­ment of Sad­dam Hus­sein against the Amer­i­can inva­sion in 2003.

There, accord­ing to Mr. Filiu’s study, Mr. Hakim made con­nec­tions with Syr­i­an and Iraqi secu­ri­ty ser­vices, and fought. His broth­er, Redouane, 19, was killed [58] dur­ing an Amer­i­can bomb­ing raid in Iraq in July 2004.

Two oth­er French 19-year-olds also died fight­ing in Iraq, while Boubak­er al-Hakim grant­ed an inter­view to the French news media in which he called for his friends from the 19th Arrondisse­ment to come join him. . . .

. . . . Mr. Hakim, the man who had fought in Iraq, is now a mem­ber of the Islam­ic State and has been active­ly recruit­ing and build­ing a net­work of fight­ers across North­ern Africa and in Euro­pean immi­grant com­mu­ni­ties in recent years.

Just as in 2003, when he exhort­ed his fel­low Mus­lims from the 19th Arrondisse­ment to join the jihad, Mr. Hakim released a video in Decem­ber, claim­ing respon­si­bil­i­ty [59] for the Tunisian assas­si­na­tions and vow­ing that the Islam­ic State was com­ing to Tunisia, once a colony of France. He was a long way from Paris, but France clear­ly remained on his mind. . . .

2. Abu Bakr al-Bagh­da­di has been iden­ti­fied by key Mus­lim Broth­er­hood cler­ic Youssef Qaradawi as a “for­mer” mem­ber of the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood. In the arti­cle below, note that Qaradawi notes the key ter­ror­ist lead­ers that were “for­mer” mem­bers of the Broth­er­hood. The “for­mer” is to be tak­en with a huge dose of salt–Muslim fas­cists are as capa­ble as Euro­pean and Amer­i­can fas­cists at imple­ment­ing “plau­si­ble deni­a­bil­i­ty.”

“FEATURED: Youssef Qaradawi Says ISIS Leader Was Once Mus­lim Broth­er­hood; First Eng­lish Trans­la­tion of State­ment”; Glob­al Mus­lim Broth­er­hood Watch; 10/21/2014. [12]

The GMBDW has dis­cov­ered what appears to be the first Eng­lish trans­la­tion of the video in which Glob­al Mus­lim Broth­er­hood leader Youssef Qaradawi can be seen refer­ring to what is almost cer­tain­ly Abu Bakr al-Bagh­da­di and explain­ing that he was once a mem­ber of the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood. At time 0:44 of the video [60], post­ed on the Brotherhoodwatch.co.uk web­site, Qaradawi refers to “this young­ster” who once belonged to the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood but desir­ing lead­er­ship and after a peri­od in prison (al-Bagh­da­di is thought [61] to have spent five years in an Amer­i­can deten­tion facil­i­ty) went on to join the Islam­ic State of Iraq and the Lev­ant (ISIL/ISIS). It would appear that al-Bagh­da­di joins the ranks of oth­er infa­mous ter­ror­ist lead­ers such as Ayman al-Zawahiri, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, and Khalid Mesha­lal who once belonged to the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood before going on to join­ing lead­ing ter­ror­ist orga­ni­za­tions. In the video (time 1:12), Qaradawi also refers to uniden­ti­fied “young­sters” from Qatar who also joined ISIS. . . . .

3.The Unit­ed Arab Emi­rates has des­ig­nat­ed the Coun­cil on Amer­i­can Islam­ic Rela­tions (CAIR) as a ter­ror­ist orga­ni­za­tion. CAIR–represented as a Mus­lim civ­il rights organization–is a Mus­lim Broth­er­hood front orga­ni­za­tion.

“CAIR Says UAE Des­ig­na­tion as Ter­ror­ist ‘Shock­ing and Bizarre’ ”; Glob­al Mus­lim Broth­er­hood Watch; 11/17/2014. [35]

The Coun­cil on Amer­i­can Islam­ic Rela­tions (CAIR) has react­ed to its inclu­sion on a list pub­lished by the UAE that des­ig­nates as ter­ror­ists a large group of orga­ni­za­tions in the Mid­dle East, Europe, and the Unit­ed States. Accord­ing to a CAIR state­ment [62], it finds the UAE des­ig­na­tion “shock­ing and bizarre” . . . .

. . . . The Coun­cil on Amer­i­can Islam­ic Rela­tions [63] (CAIR) describes [64] itself as “a grass­roots civ­il rights and advo­ca­cy group and as “America’s largest Islam­ic civ­il lib­er­ties group.” CAIR was found­ed [65] in 1994 by three offi­cers of the Islam­ic Asso­ci­a­tion of Pales­tine, part of the U.S. Hamas infra­struc­ture at that time.  Doc­u­ments dis­cov­ered in the course of the the ter­ror­ism tri­al of the Holy Land Foun­da­tion con­firmed that the founders and cur­rent lead­ers of CAIR were part of the Pales­tine Com­mit­tee of the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood and that CAIR itself is part of the US. Mus­lim Broth­er­hood.In 2008, the then Deputy leader of the Egypt­ian Mus­lim Broth­er­hood acknowl­edged [66] a rela­tion­ship between the Egypt­ian Broth­er­hood and CAIR.  In 2009, a US fed­er­al judge ruled [67] “The Gov­ern­ment has pro­duced ample evi­dence to estab­lish the asso­ci­a­tions of CAIR, ISNA and NAIT with HLF, the Islam­ic Asso­ci­a­tion for Pales­tine (“IAP”), and with Hamas.” CAIR and its lead­ers have had a long his­to­ry [65] of defend­ing indi­vid­u­als accused of ter­ror­ism by the US. gov­ern­ment, often label­ing such pros­e­cu­tions a “war on Islam”, and have also been asso­ci­at­ed with Islam­ic fun­da­men­tal­ism and anti­semitism. The orga­ni­za­tion is led by Nihad Awad, its long­stand­ing Exec­u­tive Direc­tor and one of the three orig­i­nal founders.

4.CAIR has been seek­ing to cap­i­tal­ize on the Fer­gu­son, Mis­souri con­tro­ver­sy.

“CAIR Calls for Nation­al Action on Racism After Fer­gu­son Grand Jury Deci­sion”; CAIR.com; 11/25/2014. [36]

The Wash­ing­ton-based Coun­cil on Amer­i­can-Islam­ic Rela­tions (CAIR), the nation’s largest Mus­lim civ­il rights and advo­ca­cy orga­ni­za­tion, today called for a “nation­al action” to address issues of racism in the after­math of a Mis­souri grand jury’s deci­sion to not indict a police offi­cer who killed Michael Brown, an unarmed African-Amer­i­can teenag­er who was shot to death in August.

CAIR also ques­tioned the “prob­lem­at­ic” grand jury process that result­ed in a fail­ure to indict the offi­cer. . . .

. . . . Fol­low­ing Brown’s death, CAIR joined the NAACP and oth­er civ­il rights groups in call­ing for a spe­cial pros­e­cu­tor to inves­ti­gate the shoot­ing. CAIR rep­re­sen­ta­tives also took part in a nation­al Amer­i­can Mus­lim call-in dis­cus­sion of the shoot­ing and joined almost 100 nation­al civ­il rights groups, coor­di­nat­ed by The Lead­er­ship Con­fer­ence and Civ­il and Human Rights, in call­ing for fed­er­al action to pre­vent dis­crim­i­na­to­ry pro­fil­ing. . . .

5.Ismaaiyl Abdul­lah Brins­ley, the deranged killer who slew two New York City cops, has been influ­enced by the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood. His Face­book page claimed that he worked for the Islam­ic Soci­ety of North America–a Mus­lim Broth­er­hood front group. We take this with a grain of salt. There is a LOT of fresh fer­til­iz­er on peo­ple’s Face­book pages–Brinsley may well NOT have worked for them. Per­haps he attend­ed a meeting–obviously, we don’t know.

What is impor­tant here is that he has fall­en under the jihadist sway, per­haps man­i­fest­ing “lead­er­less jihad.”

NB: the Charles C. John­son who uncov­ered the infor­ma­tion about Brins­ley’s Face­book page is a scream­ing ultra-right media pro­pa­gan­dist and should NOT be viewed as a cred­i­ble source under nor­mal cir­cum­stances. He is the clas­sic bro­ken clock that is right twice a day. This was one of those two dai­ly occur­rences. (Charles C. John­son is NOT to be con­fused with Charles John­son of Lit­tle Green Foot­balls.

“NYPD Cop Killer Worked for Hamas-Linked Islam­ic Soci­ety of North Amer­i­ca” by Robert Spencer; Jihad Watch; 12/23/2014. [37]

The Mus­lim NYPD cop killer Ismaaiyl Abdul­lah Brins­ley worked for a Mus­lim Broth­er­hood front group, accord­ing to his Face­book page.

GotNews.com has con­firmed and exclu­sive­ly dis­cov­ered that Brins­ley went by anoth­er name — Ismaaiyl Abdul­lah-Muham­mad — and that he worked for the Islam­ic Soci­ety of North Amer­i­ca.

The Islam­ic Soci­ety of North Amer­i­ca is a Mus­lim Broth­er­hood front group that was described as an unin­dict­ed co-con­spir­a­tor by the Jus­tice Depart­ment in the 2007 Holy Land ter­ror cas­es.

Brins­ley a.k.a. Muhammad’s Face­book page includes lik­ing pages like “I love Islam” and “I Have To Be More Philo­soph­i­cal, About My Life.”…

6. Brins­ley vis­it­ed a jihadist mosque, which had links to numer­ous Mus­lim Broth­er­hood-linked ter­ror ele­ments. Its imam was an unin­dict­ed co-con­spir­a­tor in the Blind Sheikh-led plot to blow up New York City land­marks.

“NYC Cop Killer’s Undis­cov­ered Social Media Accounts Show Islam­ic Side” by Chuck Ross; The Dai­ly Caller; 12/23/2014. [47]

The aban­doned YouTube chan­nel of cop-killer Ismaaiyl Brins­ley con­tains a video show­ing him head­ing to pray at Brooklyn’s Masjid At Taqwa, a mosque that has been linked to ter­ror­ist and anti-police activ­i­ty.

That is one of sev­er­al new pieces of infor­ma­tion gleaned from Brinsley’s old social media accounts which could shed more light on what made the 28-year-old tick.

Brins­ley mur­dered two New York City police offi­cers on Sat­ur­day as they were sit­ting in their patrol car in Brook­lyn, just hours after he had shot his girl­friend in Bal­ti­more.

Before shoot­ing the offi­cers, Brins­ley post­ed his inten­tions on Insta­gram, writ­ing that he planned to mur­der cops. Brins­ley ref­er­enced Michael Brown and Eric Gar­ner — two black men whose police-relat­ed deaths have sparked mass protests — on his final social media posts.

Ques­tions are swirling about what caused Brins­ley to shoot the offi­cers. The obvi­ous answer is Brinsley’s thirst for revenge for the death of Brown and Gar­ner. But oth­ers blamed Brinsley’s his­to­ry of men­tal ill­ness . . . .

7. More about the Brook­lyn mosque that Brins­ley vis­it­ed:

“Let­ter from Peter G. Far­rell to Judge Joan M. Azrack”; nyc.gov; 9/10/2013. [48]

. . . . The NYPD’s inves­ti­ga­tion of cer­tain indi­vid­u­als asso­ci­at­ed with Plain­tiff Masjid At Taqwa was based upon infor­ma­tion about their lengthy his­to­ry of sus­pect­ed crim­i­nal activ­i­ty, some of it ter­ror­is­tic in nature. This infor­ma­tion includes but is not lim­it­ed to: ille­gal weapons traf­fick­ing by mem­bers of the mosque’s secu­ri­ty team and the mosque care­tak­er both with­in the mosque and at the store adja­cent; ille­gal weapons traf­fick­ing by cer­tain atten­dees of the mosque; alle­ga­tions that the mosque ran a “gun club”; and alle­ga­tions that the assis­tant Imam had ear­marked por­tions of over $200,000 raised in the mosque to a num­ber of US Gov­ern­ment des­ig­nat­ed ter­ror­ist orga­ni­za­tions.

Cer­tain indi­vid­u­als asso­ci­at­ed with Masjid At Taqwa have his­tor­i­cal ties to ter­ror­ism. The mosque’s Imam, Sir­aj Wah­haj, was named by the US Attor­ney for the South­ern Dis­trict of New York as an unin­dict­ed co-con­spir­a­tor in a plot to bomb a num­ber of New York City land­marks in the mid-1990s (the “Land­marks Plot”). Omar Abdel Rah­man, known as the “Blind Sheikh,” who is serv­ing a life sen­tence in fed­er­al prison for his role in the Land­marks Plot, lec­tured at Masjid At Taqwa. Wah­haj tes­ti­fied as a char­ac­ter wit­ness for Abdel Rah­man dur­ing Abdel Rahman’s ter­ror­ism tri­al. Wah­haj also tes­ti­fied as a chanc­ter wit­ness for Clement Hamp­ton El, a Masjid At Taqwa attendee who was con­vict­ed as one of the Blind Sheikh’s cocon­spir­a­tors in the Land­marks Plot. . . .

8. A review of Dol­lars for Ter­ror [68] from Pub­lish­ers Week­ly:

In a provoca­tive expos, Swiss TV jour­nal­ist Labeviere argues that the real threat to the West from rad­i­cal Islam­ic fun­da­men­tal­ism comes not from Iran or Iraq but rather from Amer­i­ca’s sol­id allies—Saudi Ara­bia and neigh­bor­ing oil monar­chies. Based on his four-year inves­ti­ga­tion, Labeviere charges that Sau­di Ara­bia is the prin­ci­pal finan­cial backer of extrem­ist Islamist move­ments around the world. The linch­pin in this oper­a­tion, he states, is Sau­di bil­lion­aire Osama bin Ladin, trained by the CIA, who recruit­ed, armed and trained in turn Arab vol­un­teers to fight the Sovi­et army in the Afghanistan war, there­by strength­en­ing the total­i­tar­i­an Mus­lim Tal­iban regime. Bin Ladin, who, accord­ing to the author, main­tains close ties with the Sau­di and Pak­istani secret ser­vices, now bankrolls ter­ror­ist train­ing camps in Afghanistan and abets Islamist extrem­ist move­ments in Egypt, Yemen, Soma­lia, South Africa, Alge­ria and else­where. Vet­er­ans of the Afghan “holy war” have been impli­cat­ed in the 1993 bomb­ing of the World Trade Cen­ter in New York City and the attempt­ed mur­der of Egypt­ian pres­i­dent Mubarak in 1996. In Labeviere’s riv­et­ing, often shock­ing, analy­sis, the U.S. is an acces­so­ry in the rise of Islam, because it manip­u­lates and aids rad­i­cal Mus­lim groups in its short­sight­ed pur­suit of its eco­nom­ic inter­ests, espe­cial­ly the ener­gy resources of the Mid­dle East and the oil- and min­er­al-rich for­mer Sovi­et republics of Cen­tral Asia. Labeviere shows how rad­i­cal Islam­ic fun­da­men­tal­ism spreads its influ­ence on two lev­els: above board, through invest­ment firms, banks and shell com­pa­nies, and clan­des­tine­ly, through a net­work of drug deal­ing, weapons smug­gling and mon­ey laun­der­ing. This impor­tant book sounds a wake-up call to U.S. pol­i­cy mak­ers. (May)
Copy­right 2000 Cah­n­ers Busi­ness Infor­ma­tion, Inc.

9. The broad­cast delin­eates Labaviere’s alle­ga­tions con­cern­ing the pro­found rela­tion­ship between the Saud­is, the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood, ele­ments of U.S. intel­li­gence and the Bin Laden orga­ni­za­tion.

Dol­lars for Ter­ror: The Unit­ed States and Islam; by Richard Labeviere; Copy­right 2000 [SC]; Algo­ra Pub­lish­ing; ISBN 1–892941-06–6; pp. 14–5. [69]

. . . . Many times over, Amer­i­can, Euro­pean and Arab diplo­mats and pub­lic offi­cials advised me to fol­low the trail of ‘the dol­lars of ter­ror.’ . . Every time, I was brought back to both the offi­cial and the secret struc­tures of Sau­di finance. Every time, I stum­bled on the fra­ter­ni­ty of the Mus­lim Broth­ers. . .Where does the mon­ey for this dan­ger­ous pros­e­lytism come from? . . . Sau­di Ara­bia and oth­er oil monar­chies allied with the Unit­ed States. The great­est world pow­er is ful­ly aware of this devel­op­ment. Indeed, its infor­ma­tion [intel­li­gence] agen­cies have encour­aged it . . . . The CIA and its Sau­di and Pak­istani homo­logues con­tin­ue [as of 1999] to spon­sor Islamism. . . .

10. High­light­ing the com­par­isons between the Brotherhood’s pro­gram and those of Mus­soli­ni and Hitler, the broad­cast con­tin­ues:

Dol­lars for Ter­ror: The Unit­ed States and Islam; by Richard Labeviere; Copy­right 2000 [SC]; Algo­ra Pub­lish­ing; ISBN 1–892941-06–6; p. 127. [70]

. . . . Tak­ing Italy’s choic­es under Mus­soli­ni for inspi­ra­tion, the eco­nom­ic pro­gram set three pri­or­i­ties . . . The social pol­i­cy fore­saw a new law on labor, found­ed on cor­po­ra­tions. This eco­nom­ic pro­gram would more direct­ly reveal its rela­tion­ship to total­i­tar­i­an ide­olo­gies a few years lat­er, with the works of Mohamed Ghaz­a­li . . . . Mohamed Ghaz­a­li rec­om­mend­ed ‘an eco­nom­ic reg­i­men sim­i­lar to that which exist­ed in Nazi Ger­many and fas­cist Italy.’ . . . The moral code is also an impor­tant com­po­nent in this pro­gram, which is intend­ed to cre­ate the ‘new Mus­lim man.’ . . . The notion of the equal­i­ty of the sex­es is inher­ent­ly negat­ed by the con­cept of the suprema­cy of male social respon­si­bil­i­ties. . .the ‘nat­ur­al’ place of the woman is in the home. . . .

  11. About the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood’s eco­nom­ic doc­trine:

“Islam in Office” by Stephen Glain; Newsweek; 7/3–10/2006. [38]

Judeo-Chris­t­ian scrip­ture offers lit­tle eco­nomic instruc­tion. The Book of Deuteron­omy, for exam­ple, is loaded with edicts on how the faith­ful should pray, eat, bequeath, keep the holy fes­ti­vals and treat slaves and spous­es, but it is silent on trade and com­merce. In Matthew, when Christ admon­ishes his fol­low­ers to ‘give to the emper­or the things that are the emperor’s,’ he is effec­tively con­ced­ing fis­cal and mon­e­tary author­ity to pagan Rome. Islam is dif­fer­ent. The prophet Muhammad—himself a trader—preached mer­chant hon­or, the only reg­u­la­tion that the bor­der­less Lev­an­tine mar­ket knew. . . .

. . . In Mus­lim litur­gy, the deals cut in the souk become a metaphor for the con­tract between God and the faith­ful. And the busi­ness mod­el Muham­mad pre­scribed, accord­ing to Mus­lim schol­ars and econ­o­mists, is very much in the lais­sez-faire tra­di­tion lat­er embraced by the West. Prices were to be set by God alone—anticipating by more than a mil­len­nium Adam Smith’s ref­er­ence to the ‘invis­i­ble hand’ of mar­ket-based pric­ing. Mer­chants were not to cut deals out­side the souk, an ear­ly attempt to thwart insid­er trad­ing. . . . In the days of the caliphate, Islam devel­oped the most sophis­ti­cated mon­e­tary sys­tem the world had yet known. Today, some econ­o­mists cite Islam­ic bank­ing as fur­ther evi­dence of an intrin­sic Islam­ic prag­ma­tism. Though still guid­ed by a Qur’anic ban on riba, or inter­est, Islam­ic bank­ing has adapt­ed to the needs of a boom­ing oil region for liq­uid­ity. In recent years, some 500 Islam­ic banks and invest­ment firms hold­ing $2 tril­lion in assets have emerged in the Gulf States, with more in Islam­ic com­mu­ni­ties of the West.

British Chan­cel­lor of the Exche­quer Gor­don Brown wants to make Lon­don a glob­al cen­ter for Islam­ic finance—and elic­its no howl of protest from fun­da­men­tal­ists. How Islamists might run a cen­tral bank is more prob­lem­atic: schol­ars say they would manip­u­late cur­rency reserves, not inter­est rates.

The Mus­lim Broth­er­hood hails 14th cen­tury philoso­pher Ibn Khal­dun as its eco­nomic guide. Antic­i­pat­ing sup­ply-side eco­nom­ics, Khal­dun argued that cut­ting tax­es rais­es pro­duc­tion and tax rev­enues, and that state con­trol should be lim­ited to pro­vid­ing water, fire and free graz­ing land, the util­i­ties of the ancient world. The World Bank has called Ibn Khal­dun the first advo­cate of pri­va­ti­za­tion. [Empha­sis added.] His found­ing influ­ence is a sign of mod­er­a­tion. If Islamists in pow­er ever do clash with the West, it won’t be over com­merce. . . .

12. In addi­tion to the appar­ent use of Mus­lim Brotherhood/Islamist ele­ments as proxy war­riors against Rus­sia and Chi­na, the Broth­er­hood’s cor­po­ratist eco­nom­ics [71] are beloved to Gra­ham Fuller, as well as cor­po­rate ele­ments cdham­pi­oned by Grover Norquist.

“Chech­nyan Pow­er” by Mark Ames; nsfwcorp.com; 6/5/2013. [72]

. . . Fuller comes from that fac­tion of CIA Cold War­riors who believed (and still appar­ently believe) that fun­da­men­tal­ist Islam, even in its rad­i­cal jiha­di form, does not pose a threat to the West, for the sim­ple rea­son that fun­da­men­tal­ist Islam is con­ser­v­a­tive, against social jus­tice, against social­ism and redis­tri­b­u­tion of wealth, and in favor of hier­ar­chi­cal socio-eco­nom­ic struc­tures. Social­ism is the com­mon ene­my to both cap­i­tal­ist Amer­ica and to Wah­habi Islam, accord­ing to Fuller.

Accord­ing to jour­nal­ist Robert Drey­fuss’ book “Devil’s Game,” Fuller explained his attrac­tion to rad­i­cal Islam in neoliberal/libertarian terms:

“There is no main­stream Islam­ic organization...with rad­i­cal social views,” he wrote. “Clas­si­cal Islam­ic the­ory envis­ages the role of the state as lim­ited to facil­i­tat­ing the well-being of mar­kets and mer­chants rather than con­trol­ling them. Islamists have always pow­er­fully object­ed to social­ism and communism....Islam has nev­er had prob­lems with the idea that wealth is uneven­ly dis­trib­uted.” . . . .

13. Fuller has long been an advo­cate of a “turn to the Broth­er­hood.”

“In Search of Friends Among the Foes: U.S. Hopes to Work with Diverse Group” by John Mintz and Dou­glas Farah; The Wash­ing­ton Post; 9/11/2004; p. A01. [39]

. . . Some fed­er­al agents wor­ry that the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood has dan­ger­ous links to ter­ror­ism. But some U.S. diplo­mats and intel­li­gence offi­cials believe its influ­ence offers an oppor­tu­ni­ty for polit­i­cal engage­ment that could help iso­late vio­lent jihadists. ‘It is the pre­em­i­nent move­ment in the Mus­lim world,’ said Gra­ham E. Fuller, a for­mer CIA offi­cial spe­cial­iz­ing in the Mid­dle East. ‘It’s some­thing we can work with.’ Demo­niz­ing the Broth­er­hood ‘would be fool­hardy in the extreme’ he warned.” . . .

14. More about the cor­po­ratist eco­nom­ic phi­los­o­phy of the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood fol­lows. Note that Khairat el-Shater was alleged by Egypt­ian intel­li­gence to have been run­ning Mohamed Mor­si. (We cov­ered this in FTR #787 [73].) In turn, he was report­ed [74] to be serv­ing as a liai­son between Mor­si and Mohamed Zawahiri, the broth­er of Al-Qae­da leader Ayman Zawahiri. Shater was also net­worked with: Anne Pat­ter­son, U.S. ambas­sador to Egypt, GOP Sen­a­tor John McCain and GOP Sen­a­tor Lid­say Gra­ham. In turn, Shater was alleged to have trans­ferred $50 mil­lion from the Egypt­ian Mus­lim Broth­er­hood to Al-Qae­da at the time that he was net­work­ing with the Amer­i­cans and Mor­si. Hey, what’s $50 mil­lion between friends?

“The GOP Broth­er­hood of Egypt” by Avi Ash­er-Schapiro; Salon.com; 1/25/2012. [41]

While West­ern alarmists often depict Egypt’s Mus­lim Broth­er­hood as a shad­owy orga­ni­za­tion with ter­ror­ist ties, the Brotherhood’s ide­ol­o­gy actu­al­ly has more in com­mon with America’s Repub­li­can Par­ty than with al-Qai­da. Few Amer­i­cans know it but the Broth­er­hood is a free-mar­ket par­ty led by wealthy busi­ness­men whose eco­nom­ic agen­da embraces pri­va­ti­za­tion and for­eign invest­ment while spurn­ing labor unions and the redis­tri­b­u­tion of wealth. Like the Repub­li­cans in the U.S., the finan­cial inter­ests of the party’s lead­er­ship of busi­ness­men and pro­fes­sion­als diverge sharply from those of its poor, social­ly con­ser­v­a­tive fol­low­ers.

The Broth­er­hood, which did not ini­tial­ly sup­port the rev­o­lu­tion that began a year ago, reaped its ben­e­fits, cap­tur­ing near­ly half the seats in the new par­lia­ment, which was seat­ed this week, and vault­ing its top lead­ers into posi­tions of pow­er.

Arguably the most pow­er­ful man in the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood is Khairat Al-Shater, a mul­ti­mil­lion­aire tycoon whose finan­cial inter­ests extend into elec­tron­ics, man­u­fac­tur­ing and retail. A strong advo­cate of pri­va­ti­za­tion, Al-Shater is one of a cadre of Mus­lim Broth­er­hood busi­ness­men who helped finance the Brotherhood’s Free­dom and Jus­tice Party’s impres­sive elec­toral vic­to­ry this win­ter and is now craft­ing the FJP’s eco­nom­ic agen­da.

At Al-Shater’s lux­u­ry fur­ni­ture out­let Istak­bal, a new couch costs about 6,000 Egypt­ian pounds, about $1,000 in U.S. cur­ren­cy. In a coun­try where 40 per­cent of the pop­u­la­tion lives on less than $2 a day, Istakbal’s clien­tele is large­ly lim­it­ed to Egypt’s upper class­es.

Although the Broth­ers do draw sig­nif­i­cant sup­port from Egypt’s poor and work­ing class, “the Broth­er­hood is a firm­ly upper-mid­dle-class orga­ni­za­tion in its lead­er­ship,” says Sha­di Hamid, a lead­ing Mus­lim Broth­er­hood expert at the Brook­ings Insti­tu­tion in Wash­ing­ton.

Not sur­pris­ing­ly, these well-to-do Egyp­tians are eager to safe­guard their eco­nom­ic posi­tion in the post-Mubarak Egypt. Despite ris­ing eco­nom­ic inequal­i­ty and pover­ty, the Broth­er­hood does not back rad­i­cal changes in Egypt’s econ­o­my.

The FJP’s eco­nom­ic plat­form is a tame doc­u­ment, rife with promis­es to root out cor­rup­tion and tweak Egypt’s tax and sub­si­dies sys­tems, with occa­sion­al allu­sions to an unspe­cif­ic com­mit­ment to “social jus­tice.” The plat­form prais­es the mech­a­nisms of the free mar­ket and promis­es that the par­ty will work for “bal­anced, sus­tain­able and com­pre­hen­sive eco­nom­ic devel­op­ment.” It is a pro­gram that any Euro­pean con­ser­v­a­tive par­ty could get behind. . . .

15.We note that the attacks in Paris stand to pro­vide polit­i­cal ben­e­fit to the  Nation­al Front, which has made Mus­lim immi­grants in France a major tar­get. Oth­er Euro­pean fas­cist groups–such as the mis­named Swe­den Democ­rats (financed to a large extent by Carl Lund­strom, who was the chief financier of the Pirate Bay web­site on which Wik­iLeaks held forth)–stand to ben­e­fit as well.

“In Cold Polit­i­cal Terms, Far Right and French Pres­i­dent Both Gain” by Steven Erlanger; The New York Times; 1/11/2015. [42]

. . . . But no one expects this mood of sol­i­dar­i­ty to last very long; indeed, the attacks have already sharp­ened his clash with the far-right leader Marine Le Pen. Mr. Hol­lande remains the most unpop­u­lar French pres­i­dent since World War II. He is trou­bled by a weak econ­o­my, high unem­ploy­ment and an under­ly­ing atmos­phere of anx­i­ety and even fear, among both Mus­lims and Jews, about the impact of home­grown Islam­ic rad­i­cal­ism. . . .

. . . . The home­grown ter­ror­ism here, with its appar­ent links to Al Qae­da and the Islam­ic State, will also be used by oth­er far-right, nation­al­ist and anti-immi­gra­tion move­ments in Europe, from the Unit­ed King­dom Inde­pen­dence Par­ty to the Swe­den Democ­rats and Germany’s Pegi­da — Patri­ot­ic Euro­peans Against the Islamiza­tion of the West. That is anoth­er rea­son so many Euro­pean lead­ers from the main­stream par­ties of the cen­ter right and cen­ter left, from Angela Merkel of Ger­many to David Cameron of Britain and Mar­i­ano Rajoy of Spain, came to show their own sol­i­dar­i­ty with France and Mr. Hol­lande. . . .

16. Sup­ple­ment­ing analy­sis high­light­ed in FTR #787 [73], we reit­er­ate that Tayyip Erdo­gan’s sup­pos­ed­ly “mod­er­ate Islam­ic democ­ra­cy” is noth­ing of the sort. With roots in the Al-Taqwa milieu and the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood, his gov­ern­ment is man­i­fest­ing the Islam­ic fas­cism at the core of the Ikwhan.

Man­i­fest­ing his “mod­er­a­tion,” Erdo­gan has explic­it­ly stat­ed his view that women are not equal to men.

Nice.

“Turk­ish Pres­i­dent Erdo­gan Says Gen­der Equal­i­ty ‘Con­trary to Nature’ Dur­ing Wom­en’s Rights Meet­ing” [Reuters]; ABC News; 11/24/2014. [49]

Turk­ish pres­i­dent Tayyip Erdo­gan has said that gen­der equal­i­ty is con­trary to nature and fem­i­nists did not recog­nise the val­ue of moth­er­hood, at a meet­ing on wom­en’s rights.

The con­ser­v­a­tive pres­i­dent said wom­en’s “del­i­cate” nature meant it was impos­si­ble to place them on an equal foot­ing with men. . . .

17a. Note that Erdo­gan’s men­tor was Necmet­tin Erbakan.

“Turkey Offers Sup­port for Con­tro­ver­sial Islam­ic Group”; Deutsche Welle; 4/23/2003. [51]

. . . . Some observers say the attempt [by Mil­li Gorus] to reform its pub­lic image could be at least part­ly linked to the rise of Turk­ish Prime Min­is­ter Tayyip Erdo­gan and his AK par­ty. Com­ing to pow­er in a land­slide vic­to­ry last year, Erdo­gan styles his par­ty as a mod­ern con­ser­v­a­tive group based on Mus­lim val­ues. He has dis­tanced him­self from for­mer men­tor Necmet­tin Erbakan, who found­ed the Islam­ic-influ­enced Wel­fare Par­ty. Erbakan’s nephew, Mehmet Sabri Erbakan, was IGMG chair­man until he left office after alleged­ly hav­ing an extra-mar­i­tal affair.

17b. Flesh­ing out dis­cus­sion of Necmet­tin Erbakan, his Refah par­ty and the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood, the pro­gram high­lights Erbakan’s rela­tion­ship with Ahmed Huber and the man­ner in which that rela­tion­ship pre­cip­i­tat­ed Huber’s ascen­sion to his posi­tion as a direc­tor of Al Taqwa.

Close­ly asso­ci­at­ed with the AK Par­ty’s pre­de­ces­sor Refah orga­ni­za­tion, Huber’s con­cept of “mod­er­a­tion” might be gleaned from the pho­tographs of some of the “mod­er­ates” he admires.

Note that Erbakan, men­tor to Tayyip Erdo­gan, net­worked with Jean-Marie Le Pen, cour­tesy of Bank Al-Taqwa’s Achmed Huber.

Note, also, that they arrived at a polit­i­cal con­cen­sus, work­ing to coor­di­nate the Islam­ic fas­cism of the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood with the Euro-fas­cism of the Nation­al Front, Swe­den Democ­rats and oth­ers.

Speak­ing of the décor of Huber’s res­i­dence:

Dol­lars for Ter­ror: The Unit­ed States and Islam; by Richard Labeviere; Copy­right 2000 [SC]; Algo­ra Pub­lish­ing; ISBN 1–892941-06–6; p. 142. [75]

. . . . A sec­ond pho­to­graph, in which Hitler is talk­ing with Himm­ler, hangs next to those of Necmet­tin Erbakan and Jean-Marie Le Pen [leader of the fas­cist Nation­al Front]. Erbakan, head of the Turk­ish Islamist par­ty, Refah, turned to Achmed Huber for an intro­duc­tion to the chief of the French par­ty of the far right. Exit­ing from the meet­ing (which took place in Sep­tem­ber 1995) Huber’s two friends sup­pos­ed­ly stat­ed that they ‘share the same view of the world’ and expressed ‘their com­mon desire to work togeth­er to remove the last racist obsta­cles that still pre­vent the union of the Islamist move­ment with the nation­al right of Europe.’. . .

. . . . Last­ly, above the desk is dis­played a poster of the imam Khome­i­ni; the meet­ing ‘changed my life,’ Huber says, with stars in his eyes. For years, after the Fed­er­al Palace in Bern, Ahmed Huber pub­lished a Euro­pean press review for the Iran­ian lead­ers, then for the Turk­ish Refah. Since the for­mer lacked finan­cial means, Huber chose to put his efforts to the ser­vice of the lat­ter. An out­post of the Turk­ish Mus­lim Broth­ers, Refah thus became Huber’s prin­ci­pal employ­er; and it was through the inter­me­di­ary of the Turk­ish Islamist par­ty that this for­mer par­lia­men­tary cor­re­spon­dent became a share­hold­er in the bank Al Taqwa. . . .

18. Erdo­gan’s Mus­lim Broth­er­hood gov­ern­ment may well be sup­port­ing the Turko­phone Uighurs in their effort to oblige the seces­sion of oil and minier­al rich Xin­jiang Province.

“Turks Are Held in Plot to Help Uighurs Leave Chi­na” by Edward Wong; The New York Times; 1/14/2015. [13]

The police in Shang­hai have arrest­ed 10 Turk­ish cit­i­zens and two Chi­nese cit­i­zens and accused them of pro­vid­ing altered Turk­ish pass­ports to ter­ror­ist sus­pects from the west­ern region of Xin­jiang, a state-run news­pa­per report­ed on Wednes­day [76].

The peo­ple try­ing to use the pass­ports — nine eth­nic Uighurs [77] try­ing to leave Chi­na ille­gal­ly through a Shang­hai air­port — are also under arrest, accord­ing to the news­pa­per, Glob­al Times.

All of the sus­pects were detained in Novem­ber and for­mal­ly charged recent­ly, the report said. It added that the nine Uighurs [77] were plan­ning to go to Afghanistan, Pak­istan and Syr­ia after leav­ing Chi­na. Audio and video mate­ri­als with con­tent relat­ed to ter­ror­ism were found on those try­ing to leave, the report said.

Those involved in pro­vid­ing the forged pass­ports have been charged with smug­gling ter­ror­ists and alter­ing legal doc­u­ments, Glob­al Times report­ed. On Wednes­day after­noon, calls made to the Shang­hai police seek­ing com­ment were not imme­di­ate­ly answered.

The Uighurs are a most­ly Mus­lim, Tur­kic-speak­ing eth­nic group in Xin­jiang. . . .