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The Guns of November G‑1: Background

Part 1 [1] 44:11 (10.1MB) | Part 2 [2] 44:02 (10.1MB) | Part 3 [3] 44:41 (10.2MB) | Part 4 [4] 06:44 (1.6MB)
Orig­i­nal­ly broad­cast Novem­ber 1, 1983 (Approx­i­mate­ly 140 min­utes)

The first of the “Guns” pro­grams sets forth the polit­i­cal and his­tor­i­cal back­ground of the focal point of the series, Pres­i­dent Kennedy’s assas­si­na­tion. As Kennedy was prepar­ing to take office, ele­ments of the nation­al secu­ri­ty estab­lish­ment were cir­cum­vent­ing pres­i­den­tial and con­sti­tu­tion­al author­i­ty. Begin­ning with dis­cus­sion of the U‑2 inci­dent, this pro­gram presents abus­es com­mit­ted by ele­ments of the intel­li­gence com­mu­ni­ty. Alleged­ly shot down by a Sovi­et mis­sile, the CIA’s U‑2 spy plane pilot­ed by Fran­cis Gary Pow­ers appears to have been delib­er­ate­ly sab­o­taged, in order to force the can­cel­la­tion of a sum­mit con­fer­ence between Sovi­et Pre­mier Khr­uschev and Pres­i­dent Eisen­how­er. (The plane’s down­ing accom­plished just that.) Pow­ers attrib­uted the plane’s down­ing to infor­ma­tion alleged­ly sup­plied to the Sovi­ets by Lee Har­vey Oswald. Anoth­er Cold War inci­dent of the ear­ly 1960’s was the CIA-spon­sored Bay of Pigs inva­sion. Right-wing ele­ments have fault­ed Pres­i­dent Kennedy for fail­ing to pro­vide the inva­sion force with air cov­er. In this pro­gram, we find indi­ca­tions that the inva­sion’s air sup­port was delib­er­ate­ly sab­o­taged by ele­ments with­in the Agency com­mand struc­ture for the inva­sion! One of the peo­ple involved with that sab­o­tage was appar­ent­ly Gen­er­al Charles P. Cabell, Deputy Direc­tor of CIA. Cabell also helped arrange the Mob assas­si­na­tion attempts on Cas­tro, believed by many to be con­nect­ed to the Kennedy assas­si­na­tion. The offi­cial ver­sion of Kennedy’s mur­der con­tends that Jack Ruby was a “lone nut” mur­der­er, moved to elim­i­nate Oswald by grief over Kennedy’s killing and sym­pa­thy for Jack­ie. In fact, Ruby was a major Dal­las-area orga­nized crime oper­a­tive. In the days lead­ing up to the assas­si­na­tion, Ruby was in close touch with orga­nized crime ele­ments bit­ter­ly opposed to Kennedy. Pri­or to Kennedy’s killing, Mafia dons San­tos Traf­fi­cante and Car­los Mar­cel­lo fore­shad­owed the killing. Pre­sent­ed as a “lone nut” left­ist moti­vat­ed by his sym­pa­thy for Fidel Cas­tro, Oswald was shep­herd­ed around the New Orleans area by fas­cist ele­ments and fig­ures direct­ly con­nect­ed to the CIA’s anti-Cas­tro forces. The broad­cast ana­lyzes the intel­li­gence com­mu­ni­ty ele­ments around Oswald and presents evi­dence that he was being set up as a pat­sy. Par­tic­u­lar empha­sis is placed on the infor­ma­tion devel­oped by the unfair­ly-maligned Jim Gar­ri­son, the hero­ic D.A. of New Orleans, who inves­ti­gat­ed the assas­si­na­tion and cor­rect­ly iden­ti­fied many of the par­tic­i­pants. Among the high­lights of the pro­gram is an actu­al broad­cast inter­view with Oswald in which he states that, while in the Sovi­et Union, he was “. . . at all times under the pro­tec­tion . . .” of the U.S. gov­ern­ment.

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