COMMENT: Over the years, we have covered the Hapsburg/Thyssen UNPO and its championing of ethnic minorities as a vehicle for breaking up large nations into smaller, more pliable states. Using the human suffering and social dislocation brought about by its “austerity” program to fragment large nations, Germany is actively supporting the secession of Catalonia from Spain and, in cooperation its Austrian partner, the South Tyrol from Italy.
The Austrian drive for the independence of South Tyrol is driven by the “Freedom Party,” formerly headed by Jorg Haider. That party was founded after the Second World War to allow Third Reich veterans to participate in Austrian politics.
Manifesting what, for lack of a better term, might be called “ethnic imperialism,” Germany is using far-right, neo-Nazi elements as foot soldiers to assist the vertriebene groups in promoting the secession of German-speaking minorities in Poland and other parts of Eastern Europe.
Targeting China, Germany continues its equivocal support for individuals and ethnic groups seeking to fragment that nation. As we have seen in past discussion, the United States is also targeted for Balkanization and subversion.
When we first presented our view that the U.S. was targeted for fragmentation, the response was derisive and altogether unkind. With a number of states floating secessionist petitions and with right-wing politicos advocating the fragmentation of the Union in the wake of the 2012 elections, those critics might help themselves to generous slice of humble pie.
If the economic situation here worsens significantly and the centrifugal political forces gain economic and/or paramilitary strength, the secessionist movement may well grow.
This topic is complex and we have presented it at length in the past. Listeners/readers who wish to supplement their understanding should examine the past broadcasts and posts on the subject. Of particular significance is the Hapsburg/Thyssen connection–a direct tributary leading to the Underground Reich.
Be sure to keep abreast of the important information feeding along the bottom of the front page of this website, featuring German Foreign Policy, Germany Watch and The Global Muslim Brotherhood Daily Report.
EXCERPT: Despite his recent electoral setback, the secessionist-minded prime minister of Catalonia is keeping Europe’s debate on the Berlin-supported secessionist movements alive. In Catalonia, whose intensive efforts to secede from Spain has recently been supported by Germany, mainly those forces, which had been even more adamant in the struggle for Catalonia’s secession, have benefitted from the prime minister’s unexpected setback. At the same time, secessionist forces in other European nations have received a boost – for example in the German-speaking regions of Italy, where budget cuts, imposed by the German austerity dictate for combating the crisis, have escalated the conflict between South Tyrol and Rome. The principal parties in South Tyrol have now gained Austria as its “protective power,” thereby removing the conflict from Italy’s hands. Efforts to convince Vienna to grant Austrian passports to German-speaking North Italians, alongside clearly secessionist demands are being intensified. Initial target dates for secession are already being pronounced.
Majority in Favor of Secession
A continuation of the debate over Catalonia’s secession from Spain seems apparent in the aftermath of the recent regional elections. Even though the party of Prime Minister Artur Mas – with its precise schedule for secession – has won the elections, albeit while suffering a loss of votes – some observers attribute this loss to its stringent austerity course, to combat the Euro crisis. Accordingly, the lost votes did not go to his conservative anti-secessionist opponent of the Partido Popular, but rather to the left-wing Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya, (Republican Left of Catalonia) which is struggling even more adamantly for secession from Spain. The next regional parliament, therefore, will have a clear secessionist majority. Germany has recently been supporting Catalonia’s secessionist efforts, which are oriented on the notion that Catalonia – the richest region of the country – would not have entered the crisis, if it would not have to share its wealth, via the central government’s redistribution with Spain’s poorer areas. (german-foreign-policy.com reported.)
“Protective Power” Austria
While Catalan separatism is grabbing attention throughout Europe, South Tyrolean secessionist efforts are also making bigger waves. Once more, the German austerity dictate to counter the Euro crisis is the direct cause. Rome is obliged to execute drastic budget cuts, as demanded by Berlin, which effect the financial margin of maneuver for the Bolzano Alto Adige (“South Tyrol”) province. The cancellation of resources earmarked for South Tyrol has provoked protests. The question of whether Austria can intervene in Rome on behalf of South Tyrol, is again being raised in this context. Austria presumes the “protective power” function for the German-speaking population of Northern Italy. “We are speaking here about Italian domestic problems, there is no need for Vienna’s competence,” admonished Italian Prime Minister, Mario Monti, in late October. His observation harvested vehement protest in South Tyrol and Austria. “On the question of South Tyrol” thundered Austria’s former National Council President, Andreas Khol (ÖVP), Monti must “be urgently given tutoring.” In Bolzano, the ruling South Tyrolean People’s Party (SVP) has announced it would intervene both in Rome and Vienna – Austria’s function as “protective power” is not an issue. It has even been suggested that North Italian public squares be named after Austria – as “clear evidence of the ties.”
This month Vienna reacted. First, the Austrian government summoned Italy’s ambassador to the foreign ministry to protest Monti’s statement. Last Friday, the National Council gave an audience to a delegation from the South Tyrolean parliament in Vienna, which complained “about the pressure” exerted “from the Italian central government” on South Tyrol. An SVP parliamentarian complained that “in its austerity regulations,” the Italian government “was ignoring the autonomy statutes” and infringing on “South Tyrolean competence.” It is furthermore intending “to reform Italy’s constitution to make it even more centralist.” To which the president of Austria’s National Council replied that Vienna, under no circumstances, would alter its prevailing political standpoint. It will “maintain its protective function for South Tyrol.”
A parliamentarian from the “South Tyrolean Freedom” party, which campaigns for the secession of this North Italian province under the motto “South Tyrol is not Italy!” was also participating in last Friday’s meeting in Vienna and reported on “the aspiration of many South Tyroleans” to “attain Austrian citizenship.” “This would facilitate Austria’s exercising its protective function for South Tyrol, because Austria would then be protecting not only a minority in the neighboring country, but its own citizens.” According to a report, an Austrian state secretary explicitly replied, emphasizing that “granting South Tyroleans Austrian citizenship would lead to no bilateral problems,” because “Italy has made no objections” – “and has granted citizenship to Italians living abroad.” This refers to descendents of the so-called Italians abroad, living in regions of Slovenia or Croatia, which had once been Italian territory, a practice, also applied by the Federal Republic of Germany to “Germans Abroad.” In fact, the negotiations on granting Austrian citizenship to the German-speaking population of South Tyrol are making headway. The principle hurdles seem to have been mastered.
Free State South Tyrol
Whereas Bolzano’s ruling South Tyrolean People’s Party (SVP) continues to abstain from openly calling for secession from Italy, and right-wing extremist forces, such as the South Tyrolean Freedom party, have had their eye on being annexed by Austria for a long time, the North Italian “the Liberals,” the sister party of Austria’s Freedom Party (FPÖ), is now calling for founding a “Free State South Tyrol.” According to their plans, preparations for a “referendum on whether South Tyrol should take recourse to its right of self-determination,” should be initiated. . . .
EXCERPT: German right-wing extremists are politically exploiting government funded cultural events for the German-speaking minority in Poland. According to reports, members of the “Silesian Youth” recently established contacts in neighboring Poland during this year’s “Cultural Festival of the German Minority” in Wroclaw. The “Silesian Youth” have been classified as right-wing extremist. Several of its leading members had been active members in currently banned neo-Nazi organizations. Another association of German right-wing extremists also called for participation at the festival. Earlier, “Silesian Youth” activists marched in a demonstration in Katowice demanding “autonomy for Upper Silesia.” The Saxon regional section claims to be secretly taking care of former German cemeteries (“Evidence of German Presence in Silesia”) as well as systematically expanding its relations to the German-speaking minority – in cooperation with a “relief organization” under the direction of a former activist of the neo-Nazi NPD.
Activists of the “Silesian Youth” participated in this year’s “Cultural Festival of the German Minority” held September 29, in Wroclaw, and according to reports, used the opportunity to establish new contacts to Poland’s German-speaking minority. The festival has been taking place every third year since 2003, drawing several thousands of members of the German-speaking minority. Representatives of German resettled groups, who have close sentimental ties – as “Heimatvertriebene” (expellees from the homeland) to the “Heimatverbliebene” (those who remained in the homeland) also regularly, attend the festival. According to the event’s organizer, the objective of the cultural festival is to put “the cultural riches of the German minority” on public display. In addition, it promotes future cohesion within the minority and reinforces an orientation on Germany, whose General Consul in Opole contributed financially. The German national anthem was sung at the event. The report points out that the German ambassador attended the festival “up to the end,” – “a great honor,” says the organizer. Also in attendance was a right-wing group that had split off from the German League of Expellees (BdV), whose leader has been convicted of relativizing the Shoah. A certain “Owners Association – East,” which seeks to have Polish property taken over by German “expellees” was also beating the drums for people to attend. (german-foreign-policy.com reported.)
The Silesian Youth was founded in 1983 as the official youth organization of the “Homeland Association Silesia.” Through advertizing for younger members, the homeland association sought to rejuvenate its aging organization, attracting a new generation of members, born long after resettlement. Over the past decade, the Silesian Youth has clearly made a right-wing development, even though some regional chapters have not followed. For example, the Bavarian regional chapter broke with the national organization in April 2008, declaring that in the latter, “extremist forces” were in action and “were challenging, to a certain extent, the German Constitution.” The Silesian Youth in Saxony and Thuringia are still the main activists. The German government officially accuses them of maintaining “links to the neo-Nazi milieu including to the NPD.” As of May 2011, “leading officiating functionaries” had also been active “in the neo-Nazi ‘Heimattreuen Deutschen Jugend’ (‘Homeland-Faithful German Youth’).” The German government boasts possessing “concrete evidence” “that – emanating from the Thuringia Silesian Youth regional organization – right-wing extremists also exert influence on the Silesian Youth National Organization.” Independent research has confirmed contacts to neo-Nazis.
“Break with Warsaw!”
Activists of the Silesian Youth, who, for years, had limited themselves to “East Trips” as tourists to Poland, have now begun to engage in politics on Polish territory. The Silesian Youth from Saxony claim that they not only participated in the “Cultural Festival of the German-speaking Minority,” but also in a demonstration July 14, 2012 in Katowice, where several thousands demanded “autonomy for Upper Silesia.” The organizers are not Poles of the German-speaking minority, but rather activists of a movement that interprets the Polish-“Silesian” regional dialect to be evidence of a “Silesian” minority and therefore demands they be granted special rights – even including political autonomy. There are also German-speaking nationalists in this movement. The movement is said to be “un-Polish well organized” and is in constant growth, praises the Silesian Youth from Saxony. At the July 14 closing rally, messages of greetings from Germany and from separatists in Catalonia and Flanders were read. “Numerous consultations” had taken place and “many new friends” were made, according to the organization’s webpage. “All the best, at ‘Break with Warsaw,’ See you again next year, promised.”
In the Cold of East Germany
According to the Silesian Youth from Saxony, they continue to be active in Poland, caring for “evidence of German presence in Silesia” – “even if this only means the cemeteries.” They report, for example, having visited and provisionally repaired the ruins of a protestant cemetery of German graves “not far beyond the Neisse.” “The infinite damage caused there by the pride of the Polish nation (…)” could not be completely “eradicated” on such short notice, but mitigated – with, for example, the restoration of a memorial to German soldiers killed in action. Silesian Youth from Saxony also report on their various visits to members of the German-speaking minority, which they intend to intensify. In the “cold of East Germany” they made “Christmas donations” to some of the German-speaking Polish women, explicitly promising to “return more often” in the future. In a self-portrait, the Silesian Youth from Saxony answer an objection from right-wing extremists – referring to regions of Poland – that “East Germany is in any case lost.” They declare that “lost and dead is only that which is forgotten.”
“Germans Help Germans First”
According to their own account, the Silesian Youth from Saxony explain that thanks to Klaus Hoffmann, head of the “Freundschafts- und Hilfswerks Ost” (“Friendship and Relief Service East”) their “Christmas donations” were made possible. Hoffmann – a former activist of the neo-Nazi NPD and “Gauführer” (district leader) of Lower Saxony’s “Viking youth” (banned in 1994) – and his organization of 80 members, founded in 1991, regularly deliver “relief supplies” to the German-speaking minority in Poland. . . .
EXCERPT: Applauded by the German President and officials of the German government, the laureate of a prominent German cultural award made a plea for smashing China to pieces. China is a “heap of rubbish,” he said, it must “be dismembered,” insisted the Chinese author, Liao Yiwu, a resident of Germany, who was awarded the prestigious Peace Prize of the German Book Trade last Sunday. His acceptance speech, in which he made a plea for dismembering his native country, received hefty applause from German President Joachim Gauck and other government officials. This diplomatic affront occurred only a few days after the German Foreign Minister and his Chinese counterpart had signed a “Common Declaration,” in which Berlin declared its intentions to enhance its “strategic partnership” with Beijing. On the one hand, this declaration has resulted from the fact that, because of China’s economic strength, Germany, for the time being, needs a certain form of cooperation, not only to satisfy the business interests of its enterprises, but also to get support in solving the Euro crisis. On the other hand, the applause for Liao’s recent anti-Chinese invective shows that Berlin still considers Beijing as its rival to be combated, on a long-term basis.
“Heap of Rubbish”
Sunday, the exiled Chinese author Liao Yiwu declared during his acceptance speech for the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade, that the Chinese nation must be “dismembered.” He said, China is an “infinitely huge heap of rubbish” – a “dictatorial (…) great empire,” in which “many regions and peoples are forcibly chained together.” It must be dismembered into numerous small countries – “for the sake of peace and peace of mind of the whole of humanity.” A situation should be sought, in which Tibet, for example, is “a free country,” in which “borders separate Sichuan from Yunnan.” Sichuan and Yunnan, are two provinces of China, which Liao evidently would also like to see become separate countries. Liao said that the famous philosopher Laozi, who is supposed to have lived in the 6th Century BC, had made a plea for the creation of “smaller countries with fewer inhabitants.” Back then, China was in fact comprised “of innumerable small splinter states.” Although, he says, “throughout this period, the fires of war were never” extinguished, “one nation has permanently occupied the others.” Nevertheless, Liao says in essence that the People’s Republic of China must absolutely be replaced by numerous small nations.
Sponsored by the Foreign Ministry
The weekend appeal for smashing China, has significance through Liao’s connections to German politics. The author, born in 1958 in the People’s Republic of China, has been in serious conflict with the Chinese authorities since the 1980s and has spent time in jail. After his works were made available in German translations in 2007, German government agencies endeavored to win wide publicity for him. Liao’s planned appearances at the Frankfurt Book Fair in October 2009 as well as at the International Literature Fair (lit.COLOGNE) in the spring of 2010, had been explicitly endorsed by the German Foreign Ministry, which was aware of him being an opponent of the Chinese government, but authorities in Beijing thwarted these appearances. The author came to Germany in 2011, where he has since resided, living on a scholarship from the Foreign Ministry financed, German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). After receiving the Geschwister Scholl Award (2011) of the Bavarian Regional Association of the Stock Market Society of the German Book Trade, Liao has now received the even more prestigious Peace Prize of the German Book Trade, which, according to its official explanation, is awarded each year to a person, who has “contributed to the realization of the idea of peace.” Sunday, when the author called for smashing China, the German President, the President of the German Bundestag, Germany’s Minister of Education, along with numerous other prominent German officials attending the ceremonies, applauded.
Liao’s invectives, which were widely acclaimed in the German media, were uttered only a few days after the German Foreign Minister and his Chinese counterpart had signed a “Common Declaration.” Guido Westerwelle had visited China during the second half of last week, to celebrate the 40th Anniversary of diplomatic relations between the Federal Republic of Germany and the People’s Republic of China. Using the occasion, he pointed to the fact that Berlin, in the meantime, has established a “strategic partnership” with Beijing – since China has become a “great power center,” to which Germany wants to strengthen its ties. On the one hand, this is because of very strong German business interests, developing out of China’s growing economic influence. The People’s Republic has developed into Germany’s second largest supplier and fifth largest customer, both with an upward trend, as well as an important location for German investments. During Chancellor Merkel’s most recent visit alone, company contracts were signed with a composite value of several billion US dollars. Volkswagen has announced new investments worth billions. In addition, Berlin is also seeking Beijing’s support in helping curb the Euro crisis. The Common Declaration, signed October 11, 2012, provides for new steps toward a closer cooperation, including an annual “strategic dialogue” between the foreign ministers as well as regular “consultations” of the chiefs of staff.
Secessionists as Allies
The significance of the developing cooperation with the People’s Republic can now be seen in the applause for Liao Yiwu’s anti-Chinese invectives. While Berlin, for the time being, is intensifying its cooperation in the interests of German businesses and measures to gain control of the Euro crisis, it is simultaneously intensifying its contacts to those forces, who could potentially become Chinese allies in opposition to Beijing. Liao Yiwu is exemplary in two ways. First, he calls for China to be dismembered and thereby joins the secessionists, who had already begun to implicate the Federal Republic of Germany in the second half of the 1980s. This was particularly the case of the old Tibetan feudal clique around the Dalai Lama. He had been disempowered in the 1950s, subsequently waged an underground war against Beijing, without success, in spite of comprehensive western support – particularly from the CIA. He is today in exile in Dharamsala, India, where he continues to pursue his struggle against the People’s Republic of China. Their structures and some of their subversive activities have been supported by Germany. (german-foreign-policy.com reported.) Since some time, Germany has been giving the secessionist activities of the Uyghurs in western China’s Xinjiang province much more attention.
Ambitious Middle Class as Partner
Secondly, Liao, in Berlin’s views, seems apt to infiltrate social settings that can be brought into position against the Chinese government on a long-term basis. These are the ambitious, for the most part, urban influenced and middle class, whose growing profit and power interests could one day compel them to join with western liberalizers against Beijing. This has been the idea propelling Berlin’s efforts, over the years, to win partners among the Chinese civil rights activists and artists, accessible to the West. They, in the long run, could gain beneficial access to the middle classes. This explains German support for the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Liu Xiaobo, who does not want to completely dismember China, but still transform it into a loose confederation of relatively independent units (a “federal republic”). . . .