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Nazi and German Support for the Apartheid Government

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COMMENT: In the aftermath of Nelson Mandela’s passing, it is important to remember the true nature of the forces he opposed and the fact that they did NOT disappear with the demise of Apartheid. In FTR #225, among other programs, we examined the Nazi heritage of the Broederbond, the primary power center of the Apartheid government of South Africa. In Miscellaneous Archive Show M8 (Part 1; Part 2), we noted the profound German role in aiding the South African effort to develop the atomic bomb.

In FTR #’s 317 and 324, we examined Project Coast biological warfare program of the apartheid regime. Linked to elements of CIA and Dr. Larry Ford (possibly belonging to the milieu of the 2001 anthrax attacks), Project Coast involved the use of anthrax, as well as AIDS as weapons of biological warfare. In both programs, we examined the post-Apartheid survival of the Broederbond as part of the Underground Reich.

An incisive post by German-Foreign-Policy.com (which feeds along the bottom of the front page) supplements the programs cited above. The article notes the profound support given the Apartheid forces by the Third Reich and later, the “new” Federal Republic of Germany.

The point being that the forces against which Mandela struggled were neither isolated nor trivial. They did NOT go away!

“Incriminating Documents;” german-foreign-policy.com; 12/09/2013.

EXCERPT: Federal German authorities provided the apartheid regime of South Africa incriminating documents for a political trial against Nelson Mandela and others. [Evidence suggests that the CIA did the same–D.E.]  This has become known through research of Bonn’s South Africa policy. According to this information, West German authorities provided documents originating in the proceedings to ban the KPD to a South African diplomat and offered the support of Germany’s domestic intelligence service. This was to help prepare a trial aimed at neutralizing the political resistance to the racist regime in Pretoria. Nelson Mandela, who died last week, and is now being praised by Berlin, was also affected. On the one hand, Bonn’s objective was to help apartheid to remain in power, because it was considered a reliable pro-western partner, and on the other, to maintain special West German influence, which has also provided German companies lucrative business. In fact, German companies remained among the apartheid regime’s most loyal supporters – to the end. During Mandela’s incarceration, companies in West Germany supplied South Africa’s military and police with helicopters to carry out surveillance of protests. They were equipped with devices to identify activists, many of whom were from Mandela’s political entourage.

A Hitler Fan
German support for South Africa’s racists extends long before the beginning of the apartheid regime. It became particularly effective beginning in 1933.German-South African relations” had “developed during the ‘Third Reich’ advantageously,” according to research of the German South Africa policy. Back then “under the protection of the South African Justice and Defense Minister Oswald Pirow, whose forefathers were German and who, himself, was a Hitler fan,” not only “the bilateral trade” flourished, but it triggered “a brisk exchange” with “Afrikaans students and professors.” “Afrikaans anti-Semites” attempted to “assess the applicability” of Nazi anti-Semitic laws “on South Africa’s Jewish population.” German South Africa “experts” had, for their part, considered “Premier Hertzog’s strict policy of racial segregation to be a genuine South African attempt to solve the race problem of the country.”[1] Many agreed in circles of German trade to Africa. They were seeing “a surging colored flood tide rising ever higher” in South Africa. To “protect western culture,” the “close cooperation of the white peoples” was essential, according, for example, to the periodical of the Africa Association.[2]

German-Afrikaans Special Relationship
According to the study mentioned above, the “German-Afrikaans Special Relationship” which had developed since the 1930s, again became “noticeable” since the revival of the West German – South African relations through the establishment of the West German General Consulate in Cape Town in January 1951. The 1948 electoral victory of the South African regime, which consolidated apartheid “provided the best prerequisites” for this revival. Not least among the reasons, is the fact that during the first phase of the apartheid regime, leading South African politicians had either “received some of their academic training in Germany, or from German missionaries.” Bonn and Pretoria were engaged in negotiations for a cultural agreement, already in 1955, “which from the point of view of Germany, should, above all, benefit South Africa’s large German minority.” However, Bonn found itself forced to postpone finalization of the treaty for a couple of years – until the end of 1962 [3] – “because of the international isolation of South Africa due to its apartheid policy.”

No Criticism
At times, due to the growing political moral pressures, certain tactical concessions placed limits on Bonn’s basic willingness to cooperate with the apartheid regime. For example the West German government refused to allow South Africa’s Foreign Minister to visit, during his planned European tour in the immediate aftermath of the Sharpeville Massacre in March 1960. At the same time trade was booming. In 1957, the Federal Republic of Germany rose to become the third most important supplier of South Africa and thereby that regime’s most important economic supporter. According to foreign ministry records from May 31, 1961, referring to measures, such as the de facto disinvitation of the South African Foreign Minister in the Spring of 1960, any declaration on the part of Bonn, that could be interpreted as showing understanding for “South Africa’s standpoint on race, could do considerable harm to our image in the colored world and, above all, be exploited at our expense by Pankow and the Soviets.” Nevertheless the fact remains: “we intend, also in the future, with consideration for the good relations and the large German minority in South Africa, to avoid expressing public criticism of South Africa’s domestic relations.”[4]

Support from Bonn
Bonn continued its support of Pretoria on a working level – for example, during the trial of 156 members of the opposition for high treason in late 1956, which the Apartheid authorities used to weaken the growing resistance. Nelson Mandela was one of the defendants. According to the above mentioned study, “the prosecution sought Bonn’s assistance in this important trial,” and received it without delay. West German authorities passed on to the South African Chargé d’Affaires – with insufficient examination – “several documents (warrants, indictments and verdicts) of the proceedings to ban the KPD.” The West German Attorney General’s Office also indicated that the Federal Office of the Protection of the Constitution could meet the “South African request concerning documents about the KPD’s ‘front organizations’.” The author of the analysis suspects, these documents had been “asked for during a phase of the trial, where the prosecution was about to run out of arguments against the defendants.” In any case, the prosecution evidently was of the opinion that “the study of the KPD trial (…) also provided valuable insights,” the West German trial observer in Pretoria, Harald Bielfeld, reported to Bonn in October 1958. Bielfeld had already previously been active in South Africa – as a diplomat of the German Reich.[5]

The Most Important Direct Financier
Over the years, West Germany’s relations to South Africa have remained close – even while other countries had begun to take a distance to the Apartheid regime. For example, when more than 100 US enterprises withdrew from South Africa in mid 1987, German companies expanded their trade and investments. West Germany also approved export credit guarantees for German deliveries, as the publicist Birgit Morgenrath, co-author of a book on West German business relations with South Africa [6] recalled years ago. West German companies contributed also to “South Africa becoming a nuclear power,” wrote Morgenrath: These companies – particularly Siemens – are accused of having supplied South Africa with the separation nozzle process developed in West Germany for uranium enrichment for nuclear bombs.” And West German banks made extensive loans to the Apartheid regime. As Morgenrath wrote, the Federal Republic of Germany had finally become the “world’s most important direct financier of Apartheid.”[7] . . . .

 

Discussion

2 comments for “Nazi and German Support for the Apartheid Government”

  1. check out this free book about the Broederbond- this book was a sensation in South Africa-

    http://www.scribd.com/doc/131352246/BROEDERBOND-South-African-Secret-Society-by-Ivor-Wilkins-and-Hans-Strydom

    Posted by Tembel | December 13, 2013, 10:27 am
  2. http://www.timesofisrael.com/mandela-received-mossad-weapons-training/

    Mandela received Mossad weapons training
    Late South African icon met with Israeli agents in Ethiopia in 1962 under the alias David Mobsari, Israeli document shows
    By JTA December 20, 2013, 5:52 pm 1

    Nelson Mandela received training from Israel’s Mossad in the 1960s, an Israeli government document has revealed.

    Mandela, the former South African president and anti-apartheid leader who died earlier this month, was trained by Mossad agents in weaponry and sabotage in 1962, according to a report in Haaretz that was based on a document in the Israel State Archives labeled “Top Secret.”

    The document, a letter sent from the Mossad to the Foreign Ministry in Jerusalem, said Mossad operatives also attempted to encourage Zionist sympathies in Mandela, Haaretz reported.

    Mandela led the struggle against apartheid in his country from the 1950s. He was arrested, tried and released a number of times before going underground in the early 1960s. In January 1962, he left South Africa and visited various African countries, including Ethiopia, Algeria, Egypt and Ghana.

    Mandela met with the Israelis in Ethiopia, where he arrived under the alias David Mobsari.

    The letter noted that Mandela “showed an interest in the methods of the Haganah and other Israeli underground movements” and that “he greeted our men with ‘Shalom,’ was familiar with the problems of Jewry and of Israel, and gave the impression of being an intellectual. The staff tried to make him into a Zionist,” the Mossad operative wrote.

    “In conversations with him, he expressed socialist worldviews and at times created the impression that he leaned toward communism,” the letter continued, noting that the man who called himself David Mobsari was indeed Mandela.

    This letter was discovered several years ago by David Fachler, 43, a resident of Alon Shvut, who was researching documents about South Africa for a master’s thesis.

    Posted by Vanfield | December 22, 2013, 9:46 am

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