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FTR #947 Evola on Our Minds

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This broad­cast was record­ed in one, 60-minute seg­ment [5]

Intro­duc­tion: The entry point to our explo­ration of Julius Evola is top Trump advis­er and first tier NSC mem­ber Steve Ban­non [6]. Evola is a key influ­ence on Ban­non. Evola was an ear­ly occult fas­cist [7], with strong con­nec­tions with Mus­solin­i’s Italy. Even­tu­al­ly Evola estab­lished strong, last­ing con­nec­tions with the Nazi SS, both oper­a­tional­ly and ide­o­log­i­cal­ly.

Evola has also influ­enced Alexan­der Dug­in, a promi­nent Russ­ian ide­o­logue and politi­cian.

The broad­cast recaps FTR #233 [8], which details Evola’s work for the SS and Kevin Coogan’s the­o­ry that Evola was involved with an SS occult net­work incor­po­rat­ing impor­tant peo­ple and insti­tu­tions in both the West and behind the so-called “Iron Cur­tain.” Lat­er in the pro­gram, we fur­ther devel­op the sto­ry of Alexan­der Dug­in, a Russ­ian “Alt-right” thinker and politi­cian promi­nent in the Russ­ian gov­ern­ment. As men­tioned above, Dur­gin, like Ban­non, has been influ­enced by Evola.

We won­der if, in the per­sons of Ban­non and Dur­gin, we are see­ing “West­ern” and “East­ern” man­i­fes­ta­tions of what Kevin con­cep­tu­al­izes as “The Order.”

Draw­ing on mate­r­i­al from Kev­in’s sem­i­nal work Dream­er of the Day: Fran­cis Park­er Yock­ey and The Post­war Fas­cist Inter­na­tion­al [9] (soft cov­er, Autono­me­dia, copy­right 1999, ISBN I‑57027–039‑2), the pro­gram sets forth a hypo­thet­i­cal con­struct advanced in the book. Hypoth­e­siz­ing an inter­na­tion­al fas­cist milieu orig­i­nat­ing from (though not coter­mi­nous with) the ide­o­log­i­cal ori­en­ta­tion of the Waf­fen SS, Kevin terms this milieu “The Order.” (This enti­ty is not to be con­fused with the 1980’s Amer­i­can Nazi orga­ni­za­tion of the same name.)

Begin­ning with analy­sis of Kev­in’s dis­cus­sion of the work of fas­cist occultist Julius Evola in Vien­na dur­ing the con­clu­sion of World War II, the pro­gram doc­u­ments Evola’s oper­a­tions on behalf of the SD (the SS intel­li­gence ser­vice.)

dreamer-of-the-day [10]Like SS chief Himm­ler, Evola saw the SS as the suc­ces­sors to the Ksha­triya class (the Hin­du war­rior caste.) See­ing Ger­many and Europe as suc­cumb­ing to “bar­bar­ian inva­sion,” Evola saw a pagan, anti-Chris­t­ian mys­ti­cism as nec­es­sar­i­ly anti­thet­i­cal to the Judeo-Chris­t­ian cul­ture which, he felt, had led the West to decline before the “Bol­she­vik hordes” of the Sovi­et Union and the “chew­ing gum impe­ri­al­ism” of the Unit­ed States.

Kevin felt that this orga­ni­za­tion (reflect­ing the ide­o­log­i­cal stance of an ele­ment of the Waf­fen SS) would be pan-Euro­pean in scope and ori­en­ta­tion, and not nec­es­sar­i­ly entire­ly chau­vin­is­tic from a Nordic or Ger­man­ic racial and nation­al stand­point. Nour­ished by bank accounts secret­ed abroad, this hypo­thet­i­cal orga­ni­za­tion func­tions in an under­ground fash­ion. (The funds that nour­ished this insti­tu­tion would nec­es­sar­i­ly have derived from the Bor­mann Orga­ni­za­tion.) The Order appears to have estab­lished osten­si­bly friend­ly rela­tions with the West.

This orga­ni­za­tion may very well have begun work­ing with the U.S. intel­li­gence appa­rat after the war, as evi­denced by, among oth­er things, the col­lab­o­ra­tion between post-war SS ele­ments and the CIA. Coogan hypoth­e­sizes that CIA direc­tor Allen Dulles may have played a pri­ma­ry role in such an accord.

Anoth­er influ­ence on a Dulles/Order col­lab­o­ra­tive rela­tion­ship may have been psy­chol­o­gist Carl Jung, who was con­nect­ed to Dulles and to the Third Reich.

Sig­nif­i­cant­ly, the Order appears to have over­lapped, and also worked with, ele­ments of the East Bloc, includ­ing for­mer Sovi­et and East Ger­man nation­al secu­ri­ty offi­cials. The orga­ni­za­tion also main­tained con­tacts with “anti-impe­ri­al­ist,” Third World lib­er­a­tion move­ments.

Steve Ban­non’s dis­cus­sion of Alexan­der Dug­in gains sig­nif­i­cance in this con­text.

The Order appears to have exploit­ed its con­tacts with­in both East and West blocs to fur­ther its own fascis­tic and elit­ist agen­da, play­ing both sides against the mid­dle dur­ing the Cold War.

The Dugin/Evola affil­i­a­tion and the Bannon/Evola affil­i­a­tion may be sig­nif­i­cant in that con­text.

Pro­gram High­lights Include: 

1a. The entry point to our explo­ration of Julius Evola is top Trump advis­er and first tier NSC mem­ber Steve Ban­non. Evola is a key influ­ence on Ban­non. Evola was an ear­ly occult fas­cist, with strong con­nec­tions with Mus­solin­i’s Italy. Even­tu­al­ly Evola estab­lished strong, last­ing con­nec­tions with the Nazi SS, both oper­a­tional­ly and ide­o­log­i­cal­ly.

Evola has also influ­enced Alexan­der Dug­in, a promi­nent Russ­ian ide­o­logue and politi­cian.

“Fas­cists Too Lax For a Philoso­pher Cit­ed by Ban­non” by Jason Horowitz; The New York Times; 2/12/2017. [13]

Those try­ing to divine the roots of Stephen K. Bannon’s dark and at times apoc­a­lyp­tic world­view have repeat­ed­ly combed over a speech that Mr. Ban­non, Pres­i­dent Trump’s ide­o­log­i­cal guru, made in 2014 to a Vat­i­can con­fer­ence, where he expound­ed on Islam, pop­ulism and cap­i­tal­ism.

But for all the exam­i­na­tion of those remarks [14], a pass­ing ref­er­ence by Mr. Ban­non to an eso­teric Ital­ian philoso­pher has gone lit­tle noticed, except per­haps by schol­ars and fol­low­ers of the deeply taboo, Nazi-affil­i­at­ed thinker, Julius Evola.

“The fact that Ban­non even knows Evola is sig­nif­i­cant,” said Mark Sedg­wick, a lead­ing schol­ar of Tra­di­tion­al­ists at Aarhus Uni­ver­si­ty in Den­mark.

Evola, who died in 1974, wrote on every­thing from East­ern reli­gions to the meta­physics of sex to alche­my. But he is best known as a lead­ing pro­po­nent of Tra­di­tion­al­ism, a world­view pop­u­lar in far-right and alter­na­tive reli­gious cir­cles that believes progress and equal­i­ty are poi­so­nous illu­sions.

Evola became a dar­ling of Ital­ian Fas­cists, and Italy’s post-Fas­cist ter­ror­ists of the 1960s and 1970s looked to him as a spir­i­tu­al and intel­lec­tu­al god­fa­ther.

They called them­selves Chil­dren of the Sun after Evola’s vision of a bour­geoisie-smash­ing new order that he called the Solar Civ­i­liza­tion. Today, the Greek neo-Nazi par­ty Gold­en Dawn includes his works [15] on its sug­gest­ed read­ing list, and the leader of Job­bik, the Hun­gar­i­an nation­al­ist par­ty, admires Evola and wrote an intro­duc­tion [16] to his works.

More impor­tant for the cur­rent Amer­i­can admin­is­tra­tion, Evola also caught on in the Unit­ed States with lead­ers of the alt-right move­ment, which Mr. Ban­non nur­tured as the head of Bre­it­bart News and then helped har­ness for Mr. Trump.

“Julius Evola is one of the most fas­ci­nat­ing men of the 20th cen­tu­ry,” said Richard Spencer, the white nation­al­ist leader who is a top fig­ure in the alt [17]-right move­ment [17], which has attract­ed white suprema­cists, racists and anti-immi­grant ele­ments.

In the days after the elec­tion, Mr. Spencer led a Wash­ing­ton alt-right con­fer­ence in chants of “Hail Trump!” [18] But he also invoked Evola’s idea of a pre­his­toric and pre-Chris­t­ian spir­i­tu­al­i­ty — refer­ring to the awak­en­ing of whites, whom he called the Chil­dren of the Sun.

Mr. Spencer said “it means a tremen­dous amount” that Mr. Ban­non was aware of Evola and oth­er Tra­di­tion­al­ist thinkers.

“Even if he hasn’t ful­ly imbibed them and been changed by them, he is at least open to them,” he said. “He at least rec­og­nizes that they are there. That is a stark dif­fer­ence to the Amer­i­can con­ser­v­a­tive move­ment that either was igno­rant of them or attempt­ed to sup­press them.”

Mr. Ban­non, who did not return a request for com­ment for this arti­cle, is an avid and wide-rang­ing read­er [19]. He has spo­ken enthu­si­as­ti­cal­ly about every­thing from Sun Tzu’s “The Art of War” to “The Fourth Turn­ing” by William Strauss and Neil Howe, which sees his­to­ry in cycles of cat­a­clysmic and order-oblit­er­at­ing change. His aware­ness of and ref­er­ence to Evola in itself only reflects that read­ing. But some on the alt-right con­sid­er Mr. Ban­non a door through which Evola’s ideas of a hier­ar­chi­cal soci­ety run by a spir­i­tu­al­ly supe­ri­or caste can enter in a peri­od of cri­sis.

“Evolists view his ship as com­ing in,” said Prof. Richard Drake at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Mon­tana, who wrote about Evola in his book “The Rev­o­lu­tion­ary Mys­tique and Ter­ror­ism in Con­tem­po­rary Italy.” [20]

For some of them, it has been a long time com­ing.

“It’s the first time that an advis­er to the Amer­i­can pres­i­dent knows Evola, or maybe has a Tra­di­tion­al­ist for­ma­tion,” said Gian­fran­co De Tur­ris, an Evola biog­ra­ph­er and apol­o­gist based in Rome who runs the Evola Foun­da­tion out of his apart­ment.

“If Ban­non has these ideas, we have to see how he influ­ences the pol­i­tics of Trump,” he said.

A March arti­cle titled “An Estab­lish­ment Conservative’s Guide to the Alt-Right” [21] in Bre­it­bart, the web­site then run by Mr. Ban­non, includ­ed Evola as one of the thinkers in whose writ­ings the “ori­gins of the alter­na­tive right” could be found.

The arti­cle was co-writ­ten by Milo Yiannopou­los, the right-wing provo­ca­teur who is wild­ly pop­u­lar with con­ser­v­a­tives on col­lege cam­pus­es. Mr. Trump recent­ly defend­ed Mr. Yiannopou­los as a sym­bol of free speech after demon­stra­tors vio­lent­ly protest­ed his planned speech [22] at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Cal­i­for­nia, Berke­ley.

The arti­cle cel­e­brat­ed the youth­ful inter­net trolls who give the alt-right move­ment its ener­gy and who, moti­vat­ed by a com­mon and ques­tion­able sense of humor, use anti-Semit­ic and racial­ly charged memes “in typ­i­cal­ly juve­nile but unde­ni­ably hys­ter­i­cal fash­ion.”

“It’s hard to imag­ine them read­ing Evola,” the arti­cle con­tin­ued. “They may be inclined to sym­pa­thize to those caus­es, but main­ly because it annoys the right peo­ple.”

Evola, who has more than annoyed peo­ple for near­ly a cen­tu­ry, seems to be hav­ing a moment.

“When I start­ed work­ing on Evola, you had to plow through Ital­ian,” said Mr. Sedg­wick, who keeps track of Tra­di­tion­al­ist move­ments and thought on his blog, Tra­di­tion­al­ists [23]. “Now he’s avail­able in Eng­lish, Ger­man, Russ­ian, Ser­bian, Greek, Hun­gar­i­an. First I saw Evola boom, and then I real­ized the num­ber of peo­ple inter­est­ed in that sort of idea was boom­ing.”

Born in 1898, Evola liked to call him­self a baron and in lat­er life sport­ed a mon­o­cle in his left eye.

A bril­liant stu­dent and tal­ent­ed artist, he came home after fight­ing in World War I and became a lead­ing expo­nent in Italy of the Dada move­ment, which, like Evola, reject­ed the church and bour­geois insti­tu­tions.

Evola’s ear­ly artis­tic endeav­ors gave way to his love of the Ger­man philoso­pher Friedrich Niet­zsche, and he devel­oped a world­view with an over­rid­ing ani­mos­i­ty toward the deca­dence of moder­ni­ty. Influ­enced by mys­ti­cal works and the occult, Evola began devel­op­ing an idea of the individual’s abil­i­ty to tran­scend his real­i­ty and “be uncon­di­tion­al­ly what­ev­er one wants.”

Under the influ­ence of René Guénon, a French meta­physi­cist and con­vert to Islam, Evola in 1934 pub­lished his most influ­en­tial work, “The Revolt Against the Mod­ern World,” which cast mate­ri­al­ism as an erod­ing influ­ence on ancient val­ues.

It viewed human­ism, the Renais­sance, the Protes­tant Ref­or­ma­tion and the French Rev­o­lu­tion all as his­tor­i­cal dis­as­ters that took man fur­ther away from a tran­scen­den­tal peren­ni­al truth.

Chang­ing the sys­tem, Evola argued, was “not a ques­tion of con­test­ing and polemi­ciz­ing, but of blow­ing every­thing up.”

Evola’s ide­al order, Pro­fes­sor Drake wrote, was based on “hier­ar­chy, caste, monar­chy, race, myth, reli­gion and rit­u­al.”

That made a fan out of Ben­i­to Mus­soli­ni.

The dic­ta­tor already admired Evola’s ear­ly writ­ings on race, which influ­enced the 1938 Racial Laws restrict­ing the rights of Jews in Italy.

Mus­soli­ni so liked Evola’s 1941 book, “Syn­the­sis on the Doc­trine of Race,” which advo­cat­ed a form of spir­i­tu­al, and not mere­ly bio­log­i­cal, racism, that he invit­ed Evola to meet him in Sep­tem­ber of that year.

Evola even­tu­al­ly broke with Mus­soli­ni and the Ital­ian Fas­cists because he con­sid­ered them over­ly tame and cor­rupt­ed by com­pro­mise. Instead he pre­ferred the Nazi SS offi­cers, see­ing in them some­thing clos­er to a myth­ic ide­al. They also shared his anti-Semi­tism.

Mr. Ban­non sug­gest­ed in his Vat­i­can remarks that the Fas­cist move­ment had come out of Evola’s ideas.

As Mr. Ban­non expound­ed on the intel­lec­tu­al moti­va­tions of the Russ­ian pres­i­dent, Vladimir V. Putin, he men­tioned “Julius Evola and dif­fer­ent writ­ers of the ear­ly 20th cen­tu­ry who are real­ly the sup­port­ers of what’s called the Tra­di­tion­al­ist move­ment, which real­ly even­tu­al­ly metas­ta­sized into Ital­ian Fas­cism.”

The real­i­ty, his­to­ri­ans say, is that Evola sought to “infil­trate and influ­ence” the Fas­cists, as Mr. Sedg­wick put it, as a pow­er­ful vehi­cle to spread his ideas.

In his Vat­i­can talk, Mr. Ban­non sug­gest­ed that although Mr. Putin rep­re­sent­ed a “klep­toc­ra­cy,” the Russ­ian pres­i­dent under­stood the exis­ten­tial dan­ger posed by “a poten­tial new caliphate” [24] and the impor­tance of using nation­al­ism to stand up for tra­di­tion­al insti­tu­tions.

“We, the Judeo-Chris­t­ian West,” Mr. Ban­non added, “real­ly have to look at what he’s talk­ing about as far as Tra­di­tion­al­ism goes — par­tic­u­lar­ly the sense of where it sup­ports the under­pin­nings of nation­al­ism.”

As Mr. Ban­non sug­gest­ed in his speech, Mr. Putin’s most influ­en­tial thinker is Alek­san­dr Dug­in [25], the ultra­na­tion­al­ist Russ­ian Tra­di­tion­al­ist and anti-lib­er­al writer some­times called “Putin’s Rasputin.”

An intel­lec­tu­al descen­dant of Evola, Mr. Dug­in has called for a “gen­uine, true, rad­i­cal­ly rev­o­lu­tion­ary, and con­sis­tent fas­cist fas­cism” and advo­cat­ed a geog­ra­phy-based the­o­ry of “Eurasian­ism” — which has pro­vid­ed a philo­soph­i­cal frame­work for Mr. Putin’s expan­sion­ism and med­dling in West­ern Euro­pean pol­i­tics.

Mr. Dug­in sees Euro­pean Tra­di­tion­al­ists as need­ing Rus­sia, and Mr. Putin, to defend them from the onslaught of West­ern lib­er­al democ­ra­cy, indi­vid­ual lib­er­ty, and mate­ri­al­ism — all Evo­lian bêtes noires.

This appeal of tra­di­tion­al val­ues on pop­ulist vot­ers and against out-of-touch elites, the “Pan-Euro­pean Union” and “cen­tral­ized gov­ern­ment in the Unit­ed States,” as Mr. Ban­non put it, was not lost on Mr. Trump’s ide­o­log­i­cal guru.

“A lot of peo­ple that are Tra­di­tion­al­ists,” he said in his Vat­i­can remarks, “are attract­ed to that.”

dreamer-of-the-day [10]

1b. An arti­cle pub­lished more than a week after the New York Times sto­ry above high­light­ed Evola, stress­ing his occult, anti-Judeo Chris­t­ian ori­en­ta­tion.

“The Alt Right’s Intel­lec­tu­al Dar­ling Hat­ed Chris­tian­i­ty” by Anna Momigliano; The Atlantic; 2/21/2017. [7]

. . . . “Fas­cist-era anti-Semit­ic ide­o­logues fall under two categories—biology-based racists and nation­al­ism-based ones—but Evola was some­thing dif­fer­ent,” explained Valenti­na Pisan­ty, a semi­ol­o­gist at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Berg­amo. “As an occultist, he was con­vinced that the world con­tained some mys­te­ri­ous truths that only the ini­ti­at­ed could see, and one of those hid­den truths was a Jew­ish con­spir­a­cy to rule the world.”

Evola believed in the pow­er of mag­ic and tried to use it to restore Roman pagan reli­gion.

Fur­ther dis­tin­guish­ing Evola from oth­er racist writ­ers was the fact that he open­ly attacked the Chris­t­ian reli­gion, which he described as a “Semit­ic super­sti­tion” and as “one of the main sources of the deca­dence of the West” in his sem­i­nal 1928 essay “Impe­ri­al­is­mo Pagano.” He opposed Chris­tian­i­ty both because it was not native to Europe (“an Asi­at­ic move­ment born to a Jew”) and because of its very mes­sage, which he deemed “incom­pat­i­ble” with fascism’s aggres­sive­ness. “Which kind of State, not to men­tion Empire, can we build based on a Gospel preach­ing obe­di­ence … the pre-emi­nence of the hum­ble, the abject, and the mis­er­able?” he asked.

Evola’s fas­ci­na­tion with eso­teri­cism wasn’t only abstract; he believed in the pow­er of mag­ic and tried to use it to restore Roman pagan reli­gion. “He joined an eso­teric group called the Ur Group and per­formed rit­u­als with the spe­cif­ic aim of draw­ing [the dic­ta­tor Ben­i­to] Mus­soli­ni away from Chris­tian­i­ty and toward pagan­ism,” said Simone Calta­bel­lota, an edi­tor and writer who researched the group’s archives for his his­tor­i­cal nov­el Amore degli Anni Ven­ti, set in Evola’s inner cir­cle. . . .

2. The broad­cast then recaps FTR #233 [8], which details Evola’s work for the SS and Kevin Coogan’s the­o­ry that Evola was involved with an SS occult net­work incor­po­rat­ing impor­tant peo­ple and insti­tu­tions in both the West and behind the so-called “Iron Cur­tain.” Lat­er in the pro­gram, we fur­ther devel­op the sto­ry of Alexan­der Dug­in, a Russ­ian “Alt-right” thinker and politi­cian promi­nent in the Russ­ian gov­ern­ment. As men­tioned above, Dur­gin, like Ban­non, has been influ­enced by Evola.

We won­der if, in the per­sons of Ban­non and Dur­gin, we are see­ing “West­ern” and “East­ern” man­i­fes­ta­tions of what Kevin con­cep­tu­al­izes as “The Order.”

Draw­ing on mate­r­i­al from Kev­in’s sem­i­nal work Dream­er of the Day: Fran­cis Park­er Yock­ey and The Post­war Fas­cist Inter­na­tion­al [9] (soft cov­er, Autono­me­dia, copy­right 1999, ISBN I‑57027–039‑2), this pro­gram sets forth a hypo­thet­i­cal con­struct advanced in the book. Hypoth­e­siz­ing an inter­na­tion­al fas­cist milieu orig­i­nat­ing from (though not coter­mi­nous with) the ide­o­log­i­cal ori­en­ta­tion of the Waf­fen SS, Kevin terms this milieu “The Order.” (This enti­ty is not to be con­fused with the 1980’s Amer­i­can Nazi orga­ni­za­tion of the same name.)

3. Begin­ning with analy­sis of Kev­in’s dis­cus­sion of the work of fas­cist occultist Julius Evola in Vien­na dur­ing the con­clu­sion of World War II, the pro­gram doc­u­ments Evola’s oper­a­tions on behalf of the SD (the SS intel­li­gence ser­vice.)

Dream­er of the Day: Fran­cis Park­er Yock­ey and The Post­war Fas­cist Inter­na­tion­al by Kevin Coogan; Autono­me­dia [SC]; copy­right 1999; ISBN I‑57027–039‑2; pp. 319–320. [9]

. . . . . Evola’s SD work at the end of the war is shroud­ed in mys­tery. His­to­ri­an Richard Drake says that while he was in Vien­na, ‘Evola per­formed vital liaisons for the SS as Nazi Ger­many sought to recruit a Euro­pean army for the defense of the Con­ti­nent against the Sovi­et Union and the Unit­ed States.’ Accord­ing to his own account, Evola spent his time liv­ing incog­ni­to while doing ‘intel­lec­tu­al’ research. But what kind of research? . . .

. . . . While Evola was in Vien­na, the SD sup­plied him with a series of arcane texts plun­dered from pri­vate libraries and rare book col­lec­tions. The SD bureau that pro­vid­ed him with these doc­u­ments was Amt VII, an obscure branch that served as an RSHA research library. With this pre­cious archive, Evola close­ly stud­ied Mason­ic rit­u­als and trans­lat­ed cer­tain ‘eso­teric texts’ for a book called His­to­rie Secrete des Soci­etes Secretes. It nev­er appeared because Evola claimed that all his doc­u­ments were lost dur­ing the Russ­ian bom­bard­ment. . . .

. . . . But why would the SD active­ly involve itself in Evola’s arcane research at a time when hun­dreds of thou­sands of Russ­ian sol­diers were sweep­ing into the Reich? And why would Evola choose to live in Vien­na under a false name and devote his time to such a strange project? Could the answer to this ques­tion be found in the cryp­tic ref­er­ence to Evola’s ‘efforts to estab­lish a secret inter­na­tion­al order’ in the 1938 SS report?

I believe that Evola’s Vien­na project was inti­mate­ly linked to the devel­op­ment of what I will call ‘the Order,’ a new kind of Knights Tem­plar designed to suc­cess­ful­ly func­tion sub-rosa. Well before the end of World War II, the intel­li­gence and finan­cial net­works of the Third Reich were hard at work prepar­ing under­ground net­works to sur­vive the com­ing Allied occu­pa­tion. Escape lines to South Amer­i­ca and the Mid­dle East were orga­nized. Bank accounts were cre­at­ed in Switzer­land and oth­er neu­tral nations to finance the under­ground with plun­der the Nazis had loot­ed from occu­pied Europe. But how was this secret empire to be man­aged, except by a vir­tu­al­ly invis­i­ble ‘gov­ern­ment in exile’?

4. Like SS chief Himm­ler, Evola saw the SS as the suc­ces­sors to the Ksha­triya class (the Hin­du war­rior caste.) See­ing Ger­many and Europe as suc­cumb­ing to “bar­bar­ian inva­sion,” Evola saw a pagan, anti-Chris­t­ian mys­ti­cism as nec­es­sar­i­ly anti­thet­i­cal to the Judeo-Chris­t­ian cul­ture which, he felt, had led the West to decline before the “Bol­she­vik hordes” of the Sovi­et Union and the “chew­ing gum impe­ri­al­ism” of the Unit­ed States.

Kevin felt that this orga­ni­za­tion (reflect­ing the ide­o­log­i­cal stance of an ele­ment of the Waf­fen SS) would be pan-Euro­pean in scope and ori­en­ta­tion, and not nec­es­sar­i­ly entire­ly chau­vin­is­tic from a Nordic or Ger­man­ic racial and nation­al stand­point. Nour­ished by bank accounts secret­ed abroad, this hypo­thet­i­cal orga­ni­za­tion func­tions in an under­ground fash­ion. (The funds that nour­ished this insti­tu­tion would nec­es­sar­i­ly have derived from the Bor­mann Orga­ni­za­tion.) The Order appears to have estab­lished osten­si­bly friend­ly rela­tions with the West.

 Ibid., pp. 320–1. [9]

. . . . For years, Evola had been fas­ci­nat­ed by knight­ly orders as expres­sions of the Ksha­triya caste of war­rior aris­to­crats. In the for­mal struc­ture of the SS, he saw the pre­cur­sor to a new Orden­staat, a State ruled by an Order. He also under­stood the great advan­tages pro­vid­ed by medieval orders of chival­ry due to their transna­tion­al com­po­si­tion. Cru­sad­ing orders, like the Knights Tem­plar and the Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem, were pan-Euro­pean, with sep­a­rate ‘nation­al’ sec­tions (‘langues,’ or tongues) uni­fied through a Coun­cil presided over by a Grand Mas­ter. After the col­lapse of fas­cist state pow­er, a new Order, an ‘invis­i­ble col­lege’ of sorts, was need­ed not only to manip­u­late bank accounts and trav­el sched­ules but to have pol­i­cy-mak­ing func­tions. Nor could it sim­ply be run under the aus­pices of the Vat­i­can, since Evola believed that Rome’s down­fall had been caused by the accep­tance of Chris­tian­i­ty by the dom­i­nant fac­tion of the Roman elite. The Emper­or Constantine’s offi­cial embrace of the ‘gen­tle Nazarene’ in 313 A.D. had cul­mi­nat­ed, a hun­dred years lat­er, in Alaric’s sack of Rome. With the Amer­i­can chew­ing-gum impe­ri­al­ists threat­en­ing in the West, and the new Huns sweep­ing in from the East, was the sit­u­a­tion in1945 real­ly so dif­fer­ent? The Order was a ves­sel for those ‘Her­met­ic’ ele­ments of the con­ser­v­a­tive Rev­o­lu­tion, old rul­ing class, and new Nazi elite not entire­ly behold­en to the polit­i­cal, cul­tur­al, and reli­gious ‘Guelf’ wing of the Euro­pean aris­toc­ra­cy which remained ide­o­log­i­cal­ly com­mit­ted to the con­tin­ued prop­a­ga­tion of the rul­ing Chris­t­ian mythol­o­gy.

This account of the ori­gins of the Order is obvi­ous­ly spec­u­la­tive, and I advance it as hypoth­e­sis, not fact. Yet if I am cor­rect the SD real­ly did have a need for Evola’s unique tal­ents. With his exten­sive knowl­edge of mat­ters eso­teric and occult; his fas­ci­na­tion with secret soci­eties and knight­ly Orders; his Waf­fen SS transna­tion­al­ism; his ties to some of the high­est fig­ures in fas­cism, Nazism, and move­ments like the Iron guard; and his loy­al ser­vice to the SD, Baron Evola was a per­fect can­di­date to help the­o­rize a new under­ground Order. As the SD’s equiv­a­lent of Albert Pike, the for­mer Con­fed­er­ate Army gen­er­al who designed the rit­u­als for the Scot­tish Rite Masons in the late 1800’s, Evola’s task was to help cre­ate the inner orga­ni­za­tion­al and rit­u­al struc­ture for the Grand Mas­ters of a secret Sham­bal­lah whose finan­cial nerve cen­ter was care­ful­ly hid­den away in Swiss bank accounts.

With the war rapid­ly com­ing to an end, how­ev­er, the Order lacked the time to imple­ment its plans. With sup­port from the top RSHA lead­er­ship, a decep­tion game was begun with both Allied intel­li­gence and the Catholic Church. Uti­liz­ing Wall Street and Vat­i­can fears of com­mu­nism, some of Himmler’s top cronies, like SS Gen­er­al Karl Wolff, became Dam­as­cus-road con­verts to a ‘kinder, gen­tler’ SS eager to estab­lish friend­ly rela­tions with both the Amer­i­cans and the Holy See.

5. This orga­ni­za­tion may very well have begun work­ing with the U.S. intel­li­gence appa­rat after the war, as evi­denced by, among oth­er things, the col­lab­o­ra­tion between post-war SS ele­ments and the CIA. Coogan hypoth­e­sizes that CIA direc­tor Allen Dulles may have played a pri­ma­ry role in such an accord.

Anoth­er influ­ence on a Dulles/Order col­lab­o­ra­tive rela­tion­ship may have been psy­chol­o­gist Carl Jung, who was con­nect­ed to Dulles and to the Third Reich.

Ibid., p. 334. [9]

. . . . Behind the strat­e­gy of ten­sion there lurked what appears to have been a devil’s pact between the Order and Allen Dulles. Until Dulles was named CIA direc­tor by Pres­i­dent Eisen­how­er (and his broth­er, John Fos­ter Dulles, became direc­tor by Pres­i­dent Eisen­how­er (and his broth­er, John Fos­ter Dulles, became sec­re­tary of state), oper­a­tional links to the Nazi under­ground came pri­mar­i­ly from the Office of Pol­i­cy Coor­di­na­tion (OPC), head­ed by Dulles pro­tégé Frank Wis­ner, the for­mer chief of OSS oper­a­tions in Bucharest, Roma­nia. After the war, Dulles, Wis­ner, Angle­ton, and OPC’s Carmel Offie vir­tu­al­ly ran covert oper­a­tions in Italy as their own pri­vate affair. . . .

. . . . The OPC’s bud­get was $4.7 mil­lion in 1949. Three years lat­er, when Dulles was still only CIA deputy direc­tor, it had reached $82 mil­lion. OPC per­son­nel had humped from 302 to 6,954. OPC was offi­cial­ly incor­po­rat­ed into the CIA in 1952 as the Agency’s direc­torate of Plans. In1956, after Pres­i­dent Eisen­how­er estab­lished the Kil­lian Com­mis­sion to inves­ti­gate the Agency, it was dis­cov­ered that more than half of the CIA’s per­son­nel and 80 per­cent of its bud­get had been devot­ed not to intel­li­gence-gath­er­ing but to psy­cho­log­i­cal and polit­i­cal war­fare pro­grams. Through­out this entire time, the Dulles net­work was inti­mate­ly involved in com­plex deals with fac­tions inside the post­war SS. . . .

 . . . Did Dulles offer to pro­tect ele­ments of the SS in return for its sup­port for CIA-backed anti-Sovi­et oper­a­tions in Europe and the Third World? Did he think that grant­i­ng the Order a cer­tain amount of auton­o­my was a small price to pay for bring­ing it into the Amer­i­can camp? Might he even have been per­son­al­ly com­pro­mised in some way, or manip­u­lat­ed by the Dulles fam­i­ly psy­chi­a­trist, Carl Jung? Men Among the Ruins, then, may have been less a con­ces­sion by Evola to Amer­i­can pow­er than a sig­nal that some sort of under­stand­ing reached by Dulles and Wolff at the end of the war was now ful­ly oper­a­tional. . . .

6. More about Jung, Dulles and Mary Ban­croft, an OSS oper­a­tive and Dulles’s mis­tress.

Ibid.; p. 340. [9]

 . . . . Jung also treat­ed Dulles’s wife, clover, for years. One of Jung’s assis­tants, Mary Ban­croft, was an OSS oper­a­tive in Switzer­land as well as Allen Dulles’s mis­tress. Like Evola, Jung was an expert in myth, sym­bol, and psy­che with a com­plex and ambigu­ous rela­tion­ship to the Third Reich. . . .

7. Sig­nif­i­cant­ly, the Order appears to have over­lapped, and also worked with, ele­ments of the East Bloc, includ­ing for­mer Sovi­et and East Ger­man nation­al secu­ri­ty offi­cials. The orga­ni­za­tion also main­tained con­tacts with “anti-impe­ri­al­ist,” Third World lib­er­a­tion move­ments.

Steve Ban­non’s dis­cus­sion of Alexan­der Dug­in gains sig­nif­i­cance in this con­text.

Ibid., p. 369. [9]

. . . . [Jan] Paulus then report­ed that the British had uncov­ered the fact that two Russ­ian gen­er­als, Bul­ganin and Kubalov, were work­ing close­ly with the Nazis; they also found that the Rus­sians had set up a coun­ter­part to Gen­er­al Matthew Ridgeway’s SHAPE, head­ed by a Gen­erl Shugaev, in East Ger­many. The British had ‘con­clu­sive evi­dence.’ That the [Wern­er] Nau­mann cir­cle [26] main­tained close ties to Gen­er­al Vin­cenz Muller, the brains behind the East Ger­man police. Paulus thought that Churchill want­ed to use this infor­ma­tion both to warn Wash­ing­ton that Ger­many was unre­li­able and to gain lever­age over Ade­nauer, even to the point of being able to top­ple his gov­ern­ment if nec­es­sary.

He said that ‘Britain has an extreme­ly exten­sive dossier about the Nazi activ­i­ties which she will reveal lat­er in case Eisen­how­er decides to push his broad Ger­man pol­i­cy too far. For instance, the British have con­clu­sive evi­dence that the Nazi activ­i­ties have been financed by the Ruhr indus­tri­al­ists . . . Addi­tion­al evi­dence that the Ruhr indus­tri­al­ists have been col­lab­o­rat­ing very exten­sive­ly with the Nazis is the fact that when [for­mer Nazi finance min­is­ter] Dr. Schacht opened his bank in Dus­sel­dorf, the min­is­ter of inte­ri­or and the min­is­ter of eco­nom­ics were present.’ . . .

. . . The British par­tic­u­lar­ly feared the Nau­mann circle’s aston­ish­ing influ­ence in the Mid­dle East. Accord­ing to a March 1953 report by the Non-Sec­tar­i­an Anti-Nazi League (NSANL), Dr. Gus­tav Scheel, a Brud­er­schaft leader arrest­ed with Nau­mann, main­tained excel­lent ties to the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem. Ger­man cor­po­ra­tions wish­ing to do busi­ness in the Mid­dle East and Africa first had to approach Nau­mann, Scheel, Sko­rzeny, and the Grand Mufti. Scheel was espe­cial­ly close to Iran’s nation­al­ist leader, Dr. Moham­mad Mossadegh, and sup­port­ed Iran­ian efforts to nation­al­ize West­ern oil com­pa­nies. . . .

8. In addi­tion, the Order appears to have exploit­ed its con­tacts with­in both East and West blocs to fur­ther its own fascis­tic and elit­ist agen­da, play­ing both sides against the mid­dle dur­ing the Cold War.

Ibid. p. 360. [9]

 . . . . Any pure­ly sec­u­lar inter­pre­ta­tion of the divi­sions in the far right between the ‘pro-Russ­ian’ and the ‘pro-Amer­i­can’ fac­tions of the Black Inter­na­tion­al that avoids the ‘occult’ would con­clude that polit­i­cal dif­fer­ences divid­ed the two ten­den­cies. An Order, how­ev­er, is not struc­tured along con­ven­tion­al polit­i­cal lines. Such an orga­ni­za­tion can dic­tate sharp turns and rever­sals in seem­ing­ly fixed polit­i­cal log­ics because the ‘polit­i­cal,’ crude­ly under­stood, is not the moti­vat­ing force. . . .

. . . . Whether Yock­ey or any­one else tilt­ed East or West, and at what time, and to what degree, and for how long, and under what con­di­tions, was essen­tial­ly a tac­ti­cal ques­tion. The Order, like any intel­li­gence agency, was a kind of octo­pus with many ten­ta­cles, not jus a ‘left’ and ‘right’ one. While I believe that there were legit­i­mate pol­i­cy argu­ments inside the post­war under­ground, as might be expect­ed, I am not at all sure that it is mean­ing­ful to con­cep­tu­al­ize a split inside the Order along rigid ‘East’/ ‘West’ lines. An orga­ni­za­tion like the Order was nec­es­sary pre­cise­ly to pre­vent the total dom­i­na­tion of post­war Europe by either the Amer­i­cans or the Rus­sians. By play­ing off the U.S. and USSR against one anoth­er, the Order equal­ly ensured its own abil­i­ty to sur­vive and pros­per. In music, the basic theme can some­times be quite sim­ple. The real test is how well you play the com­plex vari­a­tions. . . .

9. It should also be remem­bered that Fran­cis Park­er Yock­ey, Julius Evola and “the Order” con­sid­ered the Unit­ed States to be the greater threat.

Ibid.; pp. 359–60. [9]

 . . . There was, in fact, lit­tle ide­o­log­i­cal dif­fer­ence between Evola and Yock­ey. Like Yock­ey, Evola believed that the Amer­i­can cul­tur­al threat to Europe was far greater than any­thing the Rus­sians could come up with. . . .

10. Anoth­er Bre­it­bart alum­nus appears to man­i­fest fas­cist influ­ence and her­itage. Sebas­t­ian Gor­ka wears a medal strong­ly asso­ci­at­ed with the Horthy/Arrow Cross allies of Nazi Ger­many.

In a com­ment on this pro­gram, Pter­rafractyl con­tributed a com­ment that fur­ther devel­ops Gorka’s fas­cist, excuse me “alt-right” views and back­ground: https://spitfirelist.com/for-the-record/ftr-947-evola-on-our-minds/comment-page‑1/#comment-118077.

“Top Trump Aid Wears Medal of Hun­gar­i­an Nazi Col­lab­o­ra­tors;” Times of Israel; 2/14/2017. [11]

A top aide to US Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump who recent­ly defend­ed the administration’s omis­sion of Jews from a Holo­caust Remem­brance Day state­ment has on sev­er­al occa­sions worn insignia tied to Nazi col­lab­o­ra­tors in Hun­gary.

Sebas­t­ian Gor­ka, a for­mer edi­tor at Bre­it­bart News and now a deputy assis­tant to the pres­i­dent, was pho­tographed and inter­viewed at Trump’s inau­gu­ra­tion wear­ing the uni­form and medal of Vitézi Rend [27], a Hun­gar­i­an order of mer­it close­ly asso­ci­at­ed with Nazi Ger­many.

The order was found­ed in 1920 by Mik­lós Hor­thy, who served as regent of Hun­gary until 1944, and com­prised his sup­port­ers. Hor­thy was an ally of Adolf Hitler and col­lab­o­rat­ed with the Nazis through­out most of World War II. Dur­ing the war, con­fis­cat­ed Jew­ish prop­er­ty was dis­trib­uted to mem­bers of the order by the Hun­gar­i­an gov­ern­ment.

Gor­ka, who is of Hun­gar­i­an descent, may have inher­it­ed the medal and uni­form from his grand­fa­ther, accord­ing to for­eign pol­i­cy site Lobel­og [27].

The US State Depart­ment lists Vitézi Rend as a Nazi-linked group, which could ren­der mem­bers inel­i­gi­ble for visas. Gor­ka became a US cit­i­zen in 2012.

Lobel­og also not­ed that Gor­ka signed his PhD dis­ser­ta­tion in 2007 as “Sebestyén L. v. Gor­ka” — “L. v.” being ini­tials rep­re­sent­ing mem­bers of Vitézi Rend.

Oth­er than at the inau­gu­ra­tion, Gor­ka has worn the medal and uni­form in the past, as seen in an undat­ed pho­to on his Face­book page. . . .

11. In a post [28] writ­ten short­ly after the begin­ning of the “Occu­py” move­ment, we not­ed the gen­e­sis of the move­ment [29] with Adbusters mag­a­zine. edit­ed by Kalle Lasn. Eth­nic Esto­ni­ans, Las­n’s fam­i­ly fled to Nazi Ger­many at the end of the Sec­ond World War.

Adbusters has tout­ed Islam­ic eco­nom­ics [28] as a viable alter­na­tive for the world’s poor!

Now, Adbusters is show­cas­ing Alexan­der Dur­gin.

“Putin’s Rasputin: Moder­ni­ty Has Been a Dis­as­ter for the West­ern Mind;” Adbusters ; 2/14/2 [12]017.

Excerpt­ed from The Fourth Polit­i­cal The­o­ry by Russ­ian polit­i­cal sci­en­tist Alexan­der Dug­in.

Moder­ni­ty and its ide­o­log­i­cal basis (indi­vid­u­al­ism, lib­er­al democ­ra­cy, cap­i­tal­ism, con­sumerism, and so on) are the cause of the future cat­a­stro­phe of human­i­ty, and the glob­al dom­i­na­tion of the West­ern lifestyle is the rea­son for the final degra­da­tion of the Earth. The West is approach­ing its ter­mi­nus, and we should not let it drag the rest of us down into the abyss with it.

Tra­di­tion (reli­gion, hier­ar­chy, and fam­i­ly) and its val­ues were over­thrown at the dawn of moder­ni­ty. All three polit­i­cal the­o­ries were con­ceived as arti­fi­cial ide­o­log­i­cal con­struc­tions by peo­ple who com­pre­hend­ed, in var­i­ous ways, ‘the death of God’ (Niet­zsche), the ‘dis­en­chant­ment of the world’ (Weber), and the ‘end of the sacred.’ This was the core of the New Era of moder­ni­ty: man came to replace God, phi­los­o­phy and sci­ence replaced reli­gion, and the ratio­nal, force­ful, and tech­no­log­i­cal con­structs took the place of rev­e­la­tion.

When we use the term ‘mod­ern­iza­tion’, we mean progress, lin­ear accu­mu­la­tion, and a cer­tain con­tin­u­ous process. When we speak of ‘mod­ern­iza­tion’, we pre­sup­pose devel­op­ment, growth, and evo­lu­tion. It is the same seman­tic sys­tem. Thus, when we speak of the ‘uncon­di­tion­al­ly pos­i­tive achieve­ments of mod­ern­iza­tion: we agree with a very impor­tant basic par­a­digm – we agree with the idea that ‘human soci­ety is devel­op­ing, pro­gress­ing, evolv­ing, grow­ing, and get­ting bet­ter and bet­ter: that is to say, we share a par­tic­u­lar vision of his­tor­i­cal opti­mism.

This his­tor­i­cal opti­mism per­tains to the three clas­si­cal polit­i­cal ide­olo­gies (lib­er­al­ism, Com­mu­nism, and fas­cism). It is root­ed in the sci­en­tif­ic, soci­etal, polit­i­cal, and social world­view in the human­i­ties and nat­ur­al sci­ences of the Eigh­teenth and Nine­teenth cen­turies, when the ideas of progress, devel­op­ment, and growth were tak­en as axioms that could not be doubt­ed. In oth­er words, this entire set of axioms, as well as the whole his­to­ri­og­ra­phy and pre­dic­tive ana­lyt­ics of the Nine­teenth cen­tu­ry in the human­i­ties and the nat­ur­al sci­ences, were built upon the idea of progress.