- Spitfire List - https://spitfirelist.com -

L‑3 The Militia Movement: Enemy or Pawn of the State?

Down­load MP3s: Part 1 [1] Part 2 [2] Part 3 [3] Part 4 [4] (Approx. 160 min­utes)

In the wake of the Okla­homa City bomb­ing in April of 1995, inter­na­tion­al atten­tion focused on the mili­tia move­ment in Amer­i­ca. This move­men­t’s mem­bers, sup­port­ers and detrac­tors have all char­ac­ter­ized it as an anti-gov­ern­ment move­ment. This lec­ture explores the pos­si­bil­i­ty that the mili­tia move­ment may actu­al­ly be a tool or exten­sion of the gov­ern­ment. (Mr. Emory stress­es that he believes that the move­men­t’s actu­al mem­ber­ship is a mixed bag. Many peo­ple in the mili­tias are sin­cere patri­ots and con­ser­v­a­tives, although gen­er­al­ly bad­ly mis­in­formed. Many are also out­right rav­ing Nazis and fas­cists. A few are actu­al­ly lib­er­als.)

The bulk of the lec­ture con­sists of analy­sis and his­to­ry of the evo­lu­tion of the para-mil­i­tary right in the Unit­ed States. The lec­ture begins with dis­cus­sion of the MacArthur group with­in the mil­i­tary and MacArthur’s intel­li­gence chief, Charles Willough­by. The illu­sion that the Unit­ed States was con­trolled by com­mu­nist sym­pa­thiz­ers had its gen­e­sis with Tru­man’s removal of MacArthur as com­man­der of the UN forces in Korea. For­mer MacArthur staffers, such as Willough­by and Colonel William Pot­ter Gale, formed an impor­tant ele­ment on the Amer­i­can far right, and played an impor­tant part in the evo­lu­tion of the para­mil­i­tary right. Gale found­ed the fas­cist Chris­t­ian Defense League, one of a num­ber of trib­u­taries that fed the growth of the Min­ute­men.

The most impor­tant of Amer­i­ca’s para-mil­i­tary orga­ni­za­tions was the Min­ute­men. A pro­to­type and direct pre­cur­sor of the mod­ern mili­tia move­ment, the Min­ute­men over­lapped many domes­tic fas­cist orga­ni­za­tions, such as the Amer­i­can Nazi Par­ty, the afore­men­tioned Chris­t­ian Defense League, Ku Klux Klan and Nation­al States Rights Par­ty. The intel­li­gence com­mu­ni­ty has recruit­ed ele­ments of the Min­ute­men (and oth­er, sim­i­lar, para-mil­i­tary orga­ni­za­tions) to serve at the oper­a­tional lev­el in covert oper­a­tions, both domes­tic and for­eign.

One of the most impor­tant oper­a­tions involv­ing the Min­ute­men and oth­er, sim­i­lar, orga­ni­za­tions was the assas­si­na­tion of Pres­i­dent Kennedy. One of the main ele­ments in the suc­cess­ful plot against Pres­i­dent Kennedy’s life was the char­ac­ter­i­za­tion of Lee Har­vey Oswald as a com­mu­nist. (As dis­cussed in numer­ous pro­grams, Oswald was not the assas­sin, but a pat­sy. The suc­cess­ful effort to por­tray him as a tool of either the Sovi­et Union or Fidel Cas­tro led many to cov­er up the assas­si­na­tion. Many feared that a nuclear war would result from the pub­lic per­cep­tion that a pop­u­lar pres­i­dent had been mur­dered by the com­mu­nists.) Much of the “paint­ing of Oswald Red” took place at the dual New Orleans address­es of 544 Camp Street and 531 Lafayette Place. (These were two dif­fer­ent entrances to the same build­ing.) This build­ing housed the Guy Ban­nis­ter Detec­tive Agency, an orga­ni­za­tion that appar­ent­ly served as a front for var­i­ous fas­cist activ­i­ties, as well as for the intel­li­gence com­mu­ni­ty’s war against Fidel Cas­tro.

Sig­nif­i­cant­ly, Ban­nis­ter him­self, his employ­ee David Fer­rie (indict­ed by New Orleans D.A. Jim Gar­ri­son for the assas­si­na­tion) and oth­ers in their milieu were mem­bers of the Min­ute­men. Oth­er Min­ute­men appear to have played a part in the Dal­las end of the assas­si­na­tion plot, as well as the anti-Cas­tro activ­i­ties. The Kennedy assas­si­na­tion and the anti-Cas­tro oper­a­tions helped to set a prece­dent. Para-mil­i­tary activists were also involved in the Con­tra sup­port move­ment in the 1980’s, among oth­er covert oper­a­tions.

The con­spir­a­to­r­i­al milieu of Oliv­er North and com­pa­ny also spawned plans to estab­lish mar­tial law in the Unit­ed States in the event of any one of a num­ber of emer­gen­cies. One of the pro­vi­sions of the mar­tial law con­tin­gency plans involved the dep­u­ti­za­tion of para-mil­i­tary right-wingers as fed­er­al agents to enforce the mar­tial law edict. This sug­gests the pos­si­bil­i­ty that the mili­tias are, in fact, tar­get­ed for co-option by the very gov­ern­ment they pro­fess to despise. Mr. Emory points out that numer­ous Repub­li­can politi­cians are very close to the mili­tias and embrace a polit­i­cal agen­da that is vir­tu­al­ly iden­ti­cal with the mili­tia agen­da. (Pat Buchanan and Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Helen Chenoweth are two; there are many oth­ers.) Anti-envi­ron­men­tal orga­ni­za­tions such as the Wise Use Move­ment also heav­i­ly over­lap the activ­i­ties of mili­tia groups in areas where the move­ment is strong.

It should be not­ed that the liq­ui­da­tion of the Branch David­i­an com­pound in Waco (Texas) was a pre­cip­i­tat­ing inci­dent in the growth of the mili­tia move­ment. As Mr. Emory has point­ed out in past broad­casts, both the Iran-Con­tra machi­na­tions and the Iraq­gate affair were effect­ed through an inter-agency gov­ern­men­tal net­work under the con­trol of George Bush. This net­work served as Bush’s pri­vate intel­li­gence ser­vice and out­ranked even the CIA and the NSC. Jus­tice depart­ment offi­cials who were part of this net­work were in charge of the siege at Waco. Anoth­er mem­ber of this net­work (Ed Den­nis) wrote the report exon­er­at­ing Janet Reno’s jus­tice depart­ment of any wrong­do­ing in the Branch David­i­an affair. This net­work also gen­er­at­ed the mar­tial law con­tin­gency plans.

In light of these facts, Mr. Emory asks whether or not the Waco affair may have been designed to help pre­cip­i­tate the mili­tia move­ment and dis­cred­it Bill Clin­ton. The dis­cus­sion under­scores par­al­lels between the mili­tia move­ment and the so-called Black Reich­swehr, the para-mil­i­tary for­ma­tions that paved the way for Hitler’s rise to pow­er in Ger­many. The pos­si­bil­i­ty that the mili­tias con­sti­tute an Amer­i­can ver­sion of the Black Reich­swehr is one that should not be too read­i­ly dis­card­ed. The lec­ture con­cludes with a short dis­cus­sion of the Okla­homa City bomb­ing. (Record­ed in April of 1996 at Deep Riv­er Book Store in San­ta Mon­i­ca.)