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Luxembourg Prime Minister Resigns: Luxembourg Gladio Veteran Involved in Bugging Scandal


Dave Emory’s entire life­time of work is avail­able on a flash dri­ve that can be obtained here. (The flash dri­ve includes the anti-fas­cist books avail­able on this site.)

COMMENT: For decades, we’ve spo­ken of the “Strat­e­gy of Tension”–the pro­gram of ter­ror­ism designed to dis­cred­it and crim­i­nal­ize oppo­si­tion polit­i­cal forces and jus­ti­fy the impo­si­tion of anti-demo­c­ra­t­ic statutes.

Even­tu­al­ly, the Ital­ian “Strat­e­gy of Ten­sion”Glad­io– was revealed as part of a NATO pro­gram called “Stay  Behind,” through which secu­ri­ty ser­vices used fas­cist cadres to imple­ment the ter­ror. (The cadres were osten­si­bly designed to fos­ter gueril­la-style resis­tance in case of a suc­cess­ful Sovi­et inva­sion or com­mu­nist takeover in those coun­tries.)

In FTR #44, we ana­lyzed Stay Behind/Gladio’s ori­gins with Nazi/BND spy chief Rein­hard Gehlen and the ODESSA post­war SS net­work.

Lux­em­bourg’s prime min­is­ter Jean-Claude Junck­er was forced to resign this past week, due to a scan­dal in which Mar­co Mille, that coun­try’s intel­li­gence chief, secret­ly record­ed a con­ver­sa­tion with Junck­er about Stay Behind/Gladio. Impli­cat­ing the Grand Ducal fam­i­ly of Lux­em­bourg in the scan­dal, Mille was him­self a par­tic­i­pant in Gladio/Stay Behind.

We note sev­er­al things in con­nec­tion with this scan­dal:

  • Lux­em­bourg’s bank­ing sec­tor is very large with regard to its over­all econ­o­my, a source of con­cern and irri­ta­tion to Ger­many and France.
  • Lux­em­bourg’s for­eign min­is­ter crit­i­cized Ger­many’s han­dling of the euro­zone cri­sis as imple­ment­ing “hege­mo­ny” over Europe.
  • After resign­ing as the head of Lux­em­bourg’s intel­li­gence ser­vice, Mar­co Mille became chief of secu­ri­ty for Siemens, one of Ger­many’s core cor­po­ra­tions and an enti­ty inex­tri­ca­bly linked with the BND and the Under­ground Reich.
  • Might Mille’s sub­terfuge and sub­se­quent employ­ment by Siemens be relat­ed to Lux­em­bourg’s large finan­cial sec­tor and future attempts at rein­ing it in, or emp­ty­ing its cof­fers, a la Cyprus?

“Good­bye Mr. Euro? Jean-Claude Junck­er May Be Back Soon” by Hans-Jür­gen Schlamp; Der Spiegel; 7/11/2013.

EXCERPT: Jean-Claude Junck­er, prime min­is­ter of Lux­em­bourg and Europe’s longest-serv­ing leader, stepped down on Wednes­day over his impli­ca­tion in a spy­ing scan­dal. But both his friends and his adver­saries believe a come­back is like­ly. . . .

. . . .In the 1980s, Lux­em­bourg spies were involved in a puz­zling series of bomb­ings, the cir­cum­stances of which remain unclear today. Togeth­er with mil­i­tary and intel­li­gence agents from mul­ti­ple Euro­pean coun­tries, they were part of Oper­a­tion Glad­io, a clan­des­tine ille­gal para­mil­i­tary orga­ni­za­tion. They worked as a par­al­lel police force with­in the coun­try that did what they liked and spied on whomev­er they want­ed, when­ev­er they want­ed. Even the prime min­is­ter, their con­sti­tu­tion­al­ly defined boss, could not rein them in.

Accord­ing to the par­lia­men­tary report, intel­li­gence chief Mar­co Mille report­ed to Junck­er in Jan­u­ary 2007 wear­ing a spe­cial high-tech wrist­watch. It record­ed the entire talk. The mat­ter was extreme­ly tricky because the con­ver­sa­tion allud­ed to the pos­si­ble involve­ment of the Grand Ducal fam­i­ly. But Junck­er did­n’t bring it to their atten­tion until the end of 2008. Even then he did­n’t take dras­tic mea­sures. Mille remained in office until 2010, when he became head of secu­ri­ty for Siemens. . . .

Lux­em­bourg Min­is­ter Says Ger­many Seeks Euro Zone “Hege­mo­ny” by Andreas Rinke; Reuters; 3/26/2013.

EXCERPT: Luxembourg’s for­eign min­is­ter accused Ger­many on Tues­day of “striv­ing for hege­mony” in the euro zone by telling Cyprus what busi­ness mod­el it should pur­sue.

Like Cyprus, Lux­em­bourg has a large finan­cial sec­tor, whose com­par­a­tively light-touch tax and reg­u­la­tory regime has long irked its much big­ger neigh­bours Ger­many and France.

Ger­many, the Euro­pean Union’s biggest and most pow­er­ful econ­omy, had insist­ed that wealthy depos­i­tors in Cyprus’s banks con­tribute to the island’s bailout and said the cri­sis has killed a “busi­ness mod­el” based on low tax­es and attract­ing large for­eign deposits.

“Ger­many does not have the right to decide on the busi­ness mod­el for oth­er coun­tries in the EU,” For­eign Min­is­ter Jean Assel­born told Reuters. “It must not be the case that under the cov­er of finan­cially tech­ni­cal issues oth­er coun­tries are choked.”

“It can­not be that Ger­many, France and Britain say ‘we need finan­cial cen­tres in these three big coun­tries and oth­ers must stop’.”

That was against the inter­nal mar­ket and Euro­pean sol­i­dar­ity, and “striv­ing for hege­mony which is wrong and un-Euro­pean,” he said. . . .

But crit­i­cism from core north­ern states such as Lux­em­bourg — a founder mem­ber of the EU and euro zone — is less com­mon.

Assel­born said it was cru­cial that small­er EU states in par­tic­u­lar were allowed to devel­op cer­tain eco­nomic nich­es.

Ger­many should also keep in mind it was a prime ben­e­fi­ciary of the euro zone cri­sis because its bor­row­ing costs have plunged as ner­vous investors seek safe havens, Assel­born added. . . .


2 comments for “Luxembourg Prime Minister Resigns: Luxembourg Gladio Veteran Involved in Bugging Scandal”

  1. This is kind of inter­est­ing: Accord­ing to a late 2011 report in the Ger­man mag­a­zine Focus on the US spy­ing on the BND, it sounds like the CIA’s spy­ing against the BND actu­al­ly inten­si­fied fol­low­ing Ger­man uni­fi­ca­tion. The report claims that the tar­gets were BND agents with a Nazi or Com­mu­nist pasts and the CIA ver­i­fied that at least two BND agents that served in the SS had joined “a NATO sab­o­tage unit”. It’s not sur­pris­ing, but still inter­est­ing:

    Analy­sis: Unit­ed States and Ger­many spy on each oth­er

    Octo­ber 26, 2011 by Joseph Fit­sanakis

    By JOSEPH FITSANAKIS | intelNews.org |
    New­ly released doc­u­ments reveal that the Cen­tral Intel­li­gence Agency has main­tained an active pro­gram of espi­onage against Ger­many in the post-Cold War era, and experts say that Ger­many rec­i­p­ro­cates the ‘favor’. Accord­ing to an arti­cle in the lat­est issue of Ger­man news­magazine Focus, the US intel­li­gence com­mu­ni­ty, led by the CIA, has been keep­ing tabs on Germany’s intel­li­gence agen­cies since the 1950s, and con­tin­ues to do so today. The magazine’s edi­tors say they are in pos­ses­sion of inter­nal gov­ern­ment doc­u­ments, which describe con­stant CIA mon­i­tor­ing on the Bun­desnachrich­t­en­di­enst (BND), Germany’s main exter­nal intel­li­gence agency. The CIA’s spy­ing extends to Germany’s coun­ter­in­tel­li­gence agency, known as the Fed­er­al Office for Pro­tec­tion of the Con­sti­tu­tion (Bun­de­samt für Ver­fas­sungss­chutz). CIA oper­a­tions against the Office have report­ed­ly includ­ed the inter­cep­tion of tele­phone calls, some of which involved high-lev­el con­ver­sa­tions between Ger­man and British or French intel­li­gence offi­cials. Focus claims that CIA spy­ing against the BND actu­al­ly inten­si­fied fol­low­ing Ger­man reuni­fi­ca­tion in 1990, as the Amer­i­can agency kept tabs on Ger­man intel­li­gence offi­cers with for­mer Nazi or com­mu­nist past. Accord­ing to one report, the CIA was able to ver­i­fy that at least two BND offi­cers with ser­vice in the Nazi SS had joined a NATO sab­o­tage unit. The mag­a­zine spoke to an unnamed for­mer BND coun­ter­in­tel­li­gence offi­cer, who said he was not in the least sur­prised by the rev­e­la­tions. Com­ment­ing yes­ter­day on the Focus report, Wash­ing­ton-based reporter Jeff Stein argued that a lit­tle friend­ly spy­ing is to be expect­ed among allied intel­li­gence ser­vices. The vet­er­an intel­li­gence cor­re­spon­dent spoke to an unnamed for­mer CIA offi­cer, who told him that the espi­onage between Wash­ing­ton and Berlin has not been “a one-way street” —the BND also spies on the CIA and oth­er Amer­i­can intel­li­gence agen­cies. Stein notes that Ger­many “has always field­ed a robust team of agents to keep track of Amer­i­can, as well as oth­er for­eign spies run­ning around in their back­yard”. More­over, he says, while Amer­i­can and Ger­man agen­cies tend to coop­er­ate on some lev­els, they still tend to keep “secrets from each oth­er”. Why, then, have no Ger­man spies been arrest­ed by the FBI and deport­ed from the Unit­ed States, or vice-ver­sa? Because, he says, “among friends, some things are best han­dled dis­creet­ly”.

    Here’s anoth­er inter­est­ing report from late 2011 relat­ed to the his­to­ry of ex-Nazis serv­ing in the BND. It’s his­to­ry that’s a lit­tle less clear and lit­tle more shred­ded:

    Der Spiegel
    Obscur­ing the Past: Intel­li­gence Agency Destroyed Files on For­mer SS Mem­bers

    By Klaus Wiegrefe

    His­to­ri­ans con­duct­ing an inter­nal study of ties between employ­ees of the Ger­man for­eign intel­li­gence agency and the Third Reich have made a shock­ing dis­cov­ery. In 2007, the BND destroyed per­son­nel files of employ­ees who had once been mem­bers of the SS and the Gestapo.

    Novem­ber 30, 2011 – 12:00 PM

    Prepa­ra­tions have already been made for Ernst Uhrlau’s retire­ment par­ty next Wednes­day when he steps down from his post as the head of the Bun­desnachrich­t­en­di­enst (BND), Ger­many’s for­eign intel­li­gence agency, on his 65th birth­day. The office of the chan­cel­lor has select­ed a posh loca­tion in Berlin for his farewell par­ty and Angela Merkel her­self is expect­ed to attend. Uhrlau, a mem­ber of the cen­ter-left Social Demo­c­ra­t­ic Par­ty (SPD), will be turn­ing over his post to Ger­hard Schindler, a mem­ber of the busi­ness-friend­ly Free Demo­c­ra­t­ic Par­ty.

    At events like this, the suc­cess­es of the per­son retir­ing are usu­al­ly cel­e­brat­ed. In Uhrlau’s case, top­ping the list are his efforts to review the prob­lem­at­ic his­to­ry of the BND’s cre­ation after World War II. It has long been known that around 10 per­cent of the employ­ees at the BND and its pre­de­ces­sor orga­ni­za­tion once served under SS chief Hein­rich Himm­ler in Nazi Ger­many. In 2011, Uhrlau appoint­ed an inde­pen­dent com­mis­sion of his­to­ri­ans to research the agen­cy’s Nazi roots.

    Now, only one week before Uhrlau’s retire­ment, the com­mis­sion has uncov­ered what is a true his­tor­i­cal scan­dal. The researchers have found that the BND destroyed the per­son­nel files of around 250 BND offi­cials in 2007. The agency has con­firmed that this hap­pened.

    The com­mis­sion claims that the destroyed doc­u­ments include papers on peo­ple who were “in sig­nif­i­cant intel­li­gence posi­tions in the SS, the SD (the intel­li­gence agency of the SS and the Nazi Par­ty) or the Gestapo.” They added that some of the indi­vid­u­als had even been inves­ti­gat­ed after 1945 for pos­si­ble war crimes. His­to­ri­an Klaus-Diet­mar Henke, spokesman for the com­mis­sion, told SPIEGEL ONLINE he was “some­what stunned” by the occur­rence.

    Did Agency Employ­ees Seek to Sab­o­tage Inves­ti­ga­tion?

    The inci­dent inevitably rais­es sus­pi­cions that agency employ­ees have delib­er­ate­ly tried to obstruct Uhrlau’s efforts to inves­ti­gate the orga­ni­za­tion’s his­to­ry. The his­tor­i­cal com­mis­sion had not yet been appoint­ed at the time of the doc­u­ments’ destruc­tion, but Uhrlau had already announced that he planned to look into his agen­cy’s Nazi past.

    It is no secret that some peo­ple with­in the BND are unhap­py about Uhrlau’s project. Some employ­ees are fun­da­men­tal­ly opposed to the agency shed­ding light on its own past. Oth­ers are wor­ried about the rep­u­ta­tions of their own fam­i­lies — for many years, the BND delib­er­ate­ly recruit­ed new staff from among the rel­a­tives of exist­ing BND employ­ees.

    With­in the BND, a work­ing group head­ed by Bodo Hechel­ham­mer is respon­si­ble for coop­er­a­tion with the his­tor­i­cal com­mis­sion. The group is cur­rent­ly try­ing to shed light on the cir­cum­stances sur­round­ing the destruc­tion of the doc­u­ments. Hechel­ham­mer told SPIEGEL ONLINE that he regret­ted the loss of the doc­u­ments.


    Posted by Pterrafractyl | December 6, 2013, 2:23 pm
  2. The arti­cles pre­dict­ing a Junck­er come­back in the wake of his res­ig­na­tion fol­low­ing the spy­ing scan­dal might turn out to have been right. Junck­er just got anoth­er step clos­er to becom­ing Pres­i­dent of the Euro­pean Com­mis­sion:

    Merkel backs Junck­er to lead con­ser­v­a­tives in EU elec­tions

    By Ger­not Heller

    BERLIN Thu Feb 6, 2014 12:04pm EST

    (Reuters) — Ger­man Chan­cel­lor Angela Merkel threw her weight behind Lux­em­bourg’s Jean-Claude Junck­er on Thurs­day as the lead­ing con­ser­v­a­tive can­di­date in May’s Euro­pean Par­lia­ment elec­tions, a poten­tial spring­board to head the Euro­pean Com­mis­sion.

    It was her first pub­lic endorse­ment of the vet­er­an for­mer prime min­is­ter and ex-chair­man of euro zone finance min­is­ters and it appeared to dim the prospects of French Euro­pean Com­mis­sion­er Michel Barnier, the only oth­er declared can­di­date.

    As leader of Europe’s biggest econ­o­my and most pow­er­ful con­ser­v­a­tive par­ty, Merkel wields strong influ­ence in the cen­ter-right Euro­pean Peo­ple’s Par­ty (EPP).

    “It is no secret that I have a lot of sym­pa­thy for Jean-Claude Junck­er,” she said at a joint news con­fer­ence with new Lux­em­bourg Prime Min­is­ter Xavier Bet­tel, who oust­ed Junck­er after a gen­er­al elec­tion last Octo­ber.

    While stop­ping short of explic­it­ly back­ing Junck­er to head the EU exec­u­tive, the chan­cel­lor said the imme­di­ate task was to find some­one to lead Euro­pean con­ser­v­a­tives in the elec­tions who could move up to become Com­mis­sion pres­i­dent.

    Merkel added that sup­port from his own coun­try was a “very impor­tant mes­sage”.

    “If Mr Junck­er can become Com­mis­sion pres­i­dent, we will sup­port this can­di­da­cy,” Bet­tel told reporters.

    A new Com­mis­sion chief, in charge of propos­ing and enforc­ing reg­u­la­tions for some 500 mil­lion Euro­peans, will take office for five years from Novem­ber, suc­ceed­ing Por­tu­gal’s Jose Manuel Bar­roso who has led the insti­tu­tion since 2004.


    Whichev­er group wins the most seats in the May 22–25 elec­tions is expect­ed to lay claim to the Com­mis­sion pres­i­den­cy, although it is EU lead­ers who pro­pose a can­di­date under treaty rules, and par­lia­ment votes on their nom­i­nee.

    The Euro­pean leg­is­la­ture has gained an expand­ed role in pol­i­cy mak­ing under the 2009 Lis­bon treaty.

    Junck­er, who was prime min­is­ter for 19 years, is a Euro­pean fed­er­al­ist who wants a big­ger say for the Com­mis­sion. He was a key bro­ker in Europe’s debt cri­sis, lead­ing the Eurogroup of euro zone finance min­is­ters until ear­ly last year.

    How­ev­er, his rep­u­ta­tion has been tar­nished by a spy­ing scan­dal in Lux­em­bourg and his Eurogroup suc­ces­sor, Dutch Finance Min­is­ter Jeroen Dijs­sel­bloem, told Dutch TV last month that Junck­er drank and smoked heav­i­ly dur­ing cri­sis meet­ings.

    “I would like to be asked about pol­i­tics and not about my alco­hol prob­lem which I don’t have,” Junck­er respond­ed in Ger­many’s Der Spiegel mag­a­zine this week.

    His coali­tion gov­ern­ment col­lapsed last year when the Social­ists quit, blam­ing him for fail­ing to curb abus­es of pow­er by the secret ser­vice.

    Posted by Pterrafractyl | February 6, 2014, 9:41 am

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